Metadata

Lepidocephalus spectrum

Roberts 1989

ORDERSUB-ORDERFAMILY
CypriniformesCobitoidei Cobitidae

Synonyms

None.

Country

Indonesia

Types

Holotype: MZB 3533

Paratypes: USNM 230267, CAS 49353, MZB 3534-35

Distribution

Type locality: Rocky ledge in middle of Sungai Melawi near confluence with Kapuas mainstream, about 0.5 km upstream from Sintang. Known also from Kalimantan, Kapuas River opposite Silat, (0o20.5’N, 111o47’E).

Habitat

Probably deep dark rivers which have led to the troglomorphic condition of the species.

Systematics

There are five species in the genus Lepidocephalus and all are reviewed by Deein et al. (2014): Lepidocephalus macrochir (Bleeker 1854), Lepidocephalus nanensis Deein, Tangjitjaroen and Page 2014, Lepidocephalus pallens (Vaillant 1902) and Lepidocephalus pahangensis (de Beaufort 1933) are known in addition to L. spectrum. L. spectrum and L. pallens are known to be very close geographically to each other and both are to a degree troglomorphic with L. spectrum the most advanced in this regard.

Conservation Status

[NE]

Museum Holdings

As above only.

Key References

Roberts, T.R. Journal Article 1989 The freshwater fishes of western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia)
Kottelat, M. Journal Article 2012 Conspectus cobitidum: An inventory of the loaches of the world (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei)
Deein, G., Tangjitjaroen, W. and Page, L.M. Journal Article 2014 A revision of the spirit loaches, genus Lepidocephalus (Cypriniformes: Cobitidae)