Subterranean fishes of the world
Eidinemacheilus proudlovei Freyhof, Abdullah, Ararat, Ibrahim and Geiger 2016.

Introduction

This web site is effectively the second edition of my book on the subterranean fishes of the world (Proudlove 2006). It follows very much the same structure and content and its main aim is to provide an always-up-to-date checklist of the cave and groundwater fishes of the world and detailed species accounts for all species. A fully searchable bibliography of 3700+ entries is also provided. A secondary aim is to provide checklists for the interstitial fishes and for troglomorphic fishes from non-subterranean habitats, and species accounts when time allows these to be prepared. One or two other lists and/or notes may appear if I find them of interest and relevance. Each species account has a Metadata link which takes you to a page describing the methods used, the notation and various other essential guides to using the site effectively.

There are currently 247 species of cave and groundwater fishes, 35 species of interstitial fishes and 42 species with troglomorphic features from non-subterranean habitats (total 324 species).

As of May 2018 the searchable bibliography is jointly authored by Graham Proudlove and William R. Elliott.

Important note:  It will take me while to get all of the species accounts fully populated. If you are interested in a particular species let me know and I'll prioritise it.

Comments, corrections, additions etc. to me at g.proudlove[at]manchester.ac.uk

V1.0 Monday 18th February 2019

Recent additions

Sixth Astyanax International Meeting

It is very likely that Cobitis damlae, from Turkey, is not a subterranean fish. Freyhof et al. 2018 suggest that the only known specimen is an albino of the epigean species Cobitis fahireae. It has been deleted from the checklist.

There are several important new or upcoming books on various aspects of subterranean biology:

Subterranean ecology edited by Moldovan, Kováč and Halse (2018)

The biology of caves and other subterranean habitats (Second edition) by Culver and Pipan (2019)

Encyclopedia of caves (Third edition) edited by White, Culver and Pipan (2019)

And an important book on potential food supply for subterranean organisms:

Microbial life of cave systems edited by Engel (2015)

And several recently described subterranean fishes:

Caecogobius personatus newly described from the Philippines

Speolabeo hokhanhi newly described from Vietnam

Triplophysa baotianenis newly described from China.

Monopterus rongsaw newly described from India.

Monopterus luticolus from Cameroon - the first hypogean fish from this country.

Recently added is a list of review publications, to allow entry into the literature, for the two most studied subterranean fishes Astyanax jordani and Poecilia mexicana.