Troglonectes lihuensis

(Wu, Yang and Lan 2012) Li 2018

CypriniformesCobitoidei Nemacheilidae


Triplophsa lihuensis  Wu, Yang and Lan 2012

Li (2018) placed 16 species of Triplophysa, and three synonym species, in Troglonectes based on several morphological characters, i.e., nostrils narrowly separated, caudal fin forked, and well-developed caudal crests




Holotype: KIZ 2010003082 61.8mm SL.

Paratypes: KIZ 2010003083, KIZ 2010003084, GIF 09110323, GIF 09110327 4 specimens 58.1-61.0mm SL.


Known only from the type locality: A cave in Renguang Vill., Lihu Town, Nandan Co., Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China (25°09'45.5"N, 107°43'4.5"E).


There are 19 described species in the genus Troglonectes (Eschmeyer 2022), all expect one are hypogean fishes with reduced eyes, reduced pigment and reduced scales. The only epigean member of the genus is Troglonectes hechiensis Zhao, Liu, Du and Luo 2021. The epigean species is a member of a monophyletic group which also contains T. furcocaudalis, T. daqikongensis, T. jiarongensis and T. shuilongensis (Zhao, Liu, Du and Luo 2021).

Conservation Status


Museum Holdings

As above only.

Key References

Wu, T.J., Yang, J. and Lan, J.H. Journal Article 2012 A new blind loach Triplophysa lihuensis sp. nov. (Telesotei: Balitoridae) from Guangxi, China
Wu, W.J., He, A.Y., Yang, J.X. and Du, L.N. Journal Article 2018 Description of a new species of Triplophysa (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae) from Guizhou Province, China
Li, X.J. Thesis 2018 Nemacheilidae cavefishes of China—Taxonomy, adaption and zoogeography
Zhang, Y., Wang, Z., Zhang, Z., Wu, M.. Chen, J. and Zhao, Y. Journal Article 2018 The complete mitochondrial genome of Triplophysa brevibarba with phylogenetic consideration
Yang, X., Liu, H., Ma, Z., Zou, Y., Zou, M., Mao, Y., Li, X., Wang, H., Chen, T.,Wang, W. and Yang, R. Journal Article 2019 Chromosome‐level genome assembly of Triplophysa tibetana, a fish adapted to the harsh high‐altitude environment of the Tibetan Plateau
Zhao, L.-X., Liu, J.-H., Du, L.N. and Luo, F.G. Journal Article 2021 A new loach species of Troglonectes (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae) from Guangxi, China