Holotype: BMNH 1984.3.6:571 68mm SL. Paratypes: BMNH 1984.3.6:572-576 34mm-49mm SL.
Known only from the type-locality: a "sink-hole" (= vertical limestone shaft) at Tawi Atair in the Jabal Qara (or Jabal Samhan) Mountains, Dhofar, Oman (17o06'N, 54o34'E). This is 600 km from the nearest population of primary freshwater fishes.
Nothing known. The 23 individuals so far known (6 types, 17 others) were all caught: "in a pool in a side passage 200m down the sink-hole..." (Banister 1987:59). No other information was given.
When first discoveved the only known population of G. dunsirei was so isolated from its congeners and any other freshwater fishes that its relationships could not be ascertained (Banister 1987). This situation is exacerbated by the fact that the paleohydrology of the area in which it is found is not known. As a member of the genus Garra it is included in the laebein lineage of the subfamily Cyprininae (Howes 1991). Lyon, Geiger and Freyhof (2016) described Garra sindhae from the same province as G. dunsirei and suggested that dunsirei, smartae and sindhae are closely related. This suggests a possibility that dunsirei may be evolved from one of the other two species, or, more likely, that all three share a common ancestor. This has now been confirmed with an integrated morphological and molecular (mitochondrial COI) study (Sayyadzadeh et al. 2023) which found that G. sindae and G. smartae are synonyms of G. dunsirei. What this means about the evolution of these three taxa from their common ancestor is not yet known.
TLO [EN D:3.1:2015]
Harrison, I.J. 2015. Garra dunsirei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T8917A3148029.en. Downloaded on 09 August 2017. R (IUCN 1990), R (IUCN 1993), VU D2 (IUCN 1996, 2000).
As above plus: BMNH 1984.3.6:577-579, BMNH 1986.8.21:33-35.
- Banister, K.E. (1987)
- Hanna, S.S. and Al-Belushi, M. (1996)
- Feulner, GR (1998)
- Krupp, F and Budd, K (2009)
- Sayyadzadeh, G., Esmaeili, H.R. and Freyhof, J. (2015)
- Freyhof, J., Hamidan, N.A., Feulner, G.R. and Harrison, I. (2015)
- García, N., Harrison, I., Cox, N. and Tognelli, M.F. (2015)
- Bagheri, M., Goudarzi, F., Zalaghi, A.H. and Savabieasfahani, M. (2016)
- Esmaeili, H.R., Sayyadzadeh, G., Coad, B.W. and Eagderi, S. (2016)
- Lyon, R.G., Geiger, M.F. and Freyhof, J. (2016)
- Malek-Hosseini, M.J. and Zamani, A. (2017)
- Esmaeili, H.R., Mehraban, H., Abbasi, K., Keivany, Y. and Coad, B. (2017)
- Nebeshwar, K and Vishwanath, W (2017)
- Freyhof, J., Els, J., Feulner, G.R., Hamidan, N.A. and Krupp, F. (2020)
- Saemi-Komsari, M., Mousavi-Sabet, H., Sattari, M., Eagderi, S., Vatandoust, S. and Doadrio, I. (2020)
- Englmaier, G.K., Viñuela Rodríguez, N., Waidbacher, H., Palandacic, A., Tesfaye, G., Gessl, W. and Meulenbroek, P. (2020)
- Zamani-Faradonbe, M., Keivany, Y., Dorafshan, S. and Zhang, E. (2021)
- Zamani-Faradonbe M. and Keivany Y. (2021)
- Zamani-Faradonbe, M. and Keivany, Y. (2021)
- Zamani-Faradonbe, M., Zhang, E. and Keivany, Y. (2021)
- Sayyadzadeh, G., Al Jufaili, S.M. and Esmaeili, H.R. (2023)
|Banister, K.E.||Journal Article||1987||Two new species of Garra (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) from the Arabian peninsula|
|Hanna, S.S. and Al-Belushi, M.||Book||1996||Introduction to the caves of Oman|
|Feulner, GR||Journal Article||1998||Wadi fish of the UAE|
|Krupp, F and Budd, K||Journal Article||2009||A new species of the genus Garra (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Oman|
|Sayyadzadeh, G., Esmaeili, H.R. and Freyhof, J.||Journal Article||2015||Garra mondica, a new species from the Mond River drainage with remarks on the genus Garra from the Persian Gulf basin in Iran|
|Freyhof, J., Hamidan, N.A., Feulner, G.R. and Harrison, I.||Book Section||2015||Chapter 3. The status and distribution of freshwater fishes of the Arabian Peninsula|
|García, N., Harrison, I., Cox, N. and Tognelli, M.F.||Book||2015||The status and distribution of freshwater biodiversity in the Arabian Peninsula.|
|Bagheri, M., Goudarzi, F., Zalaghi, A.H. and Savabieasfahani, M.||Journal Article||2016||Habitat characteristics and population size of Iranocypris typhlops, the Iran cave barb|
|Esmaeili, H.R., Sayyadzadeh, G., Coad, B.W. and Eagderi, S.||Journal Article||2016||Review of the genus Garra Hamilton, 1822 in Iran with description of a new species: a morpho-molecular approach (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)|
|Lyon, R.G., Geiger, M.F. and Freyhof, J.||Journal Article||2016||Garra sindhi, a new species from the Jebel Samhan Nature Reserve in Oman (Teleostei: Cyprinidae).|
|Malek-Hosseini, M.J. and Zamani, A.||Journal Article||2017||A checklist of subterranean arthropods of Iran|
|Esmaeili, H.R., Mehraban, H., Abbasi, K., Keivany, Y. and Coad, B.||Journal Article||2017||Review and updated checklist of freshwater fishes of Iran: Taxonomy, distribution and conservation status|
|Nebeshwar, K and Vishwanath, W||Journal Article||2017||On the snout and oromandibular morphology of genus Garra, description of two new species from the Koladyne River basin in Mizoram, India, and redescription of G. manipurensis (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)|
|Freyhof, J., Els, J., Feulner, G.R., Hamidan, N.A. and Krupp, F.||Book||2020||Freshwater fishes of the Arabian peninsula|
|Saemi-Komsari, M., Mousavi-Sabet, H., Sattari, M., Eagderi, S., Vatandoust, S. and Doadrio, I.||Journal Article||2020||Descriptive osteology of Garra rossica (Nikolskii 1900)|
|Englmaier, G.K., Viñuela Rodríguez, N., Waidbacher, H., Palandacic, A., Tesfaye, G., Gessl, W. and Meulenbroek, P.||Journal Article||2020||New data on Garra makiensis (Cyprinidae, Labeoinae) from the Awash River (Ethiopia) with remarks on its relationships to congeners on the Arabian Peninsula|
|Zamani-Faradonbe, M., Keivany, Y., Dorafshan, S. and Zhang, E.||Journal Article||2021||Two new species of Garra (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from western Iran|
|Zamani-Faradonbe M. and Keivany Y.||Journal Article||2021||Biodiversity and distribution of Garra species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) in Iran|
|Zamani-Faradonbe, M. and Keivany, Y.||Journal Article||2021||Comparative osteology of two Garra species (Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae) from Hormuz and Sistan basins of Iran|
|Zamani-Faradonbe, M., Zhang, E. and Keivany, Y.||Journal Article||2021||Garra hormuzensis, a new species from the upper Kol River drainage in the Persian Gulf basin (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)|
|Sayyadzadeh, G., Al Jufaili, S.M. and Esmaeili, H.R.||Journal Article||2023||Species diversity deflation: Insight into taxonomic validity of Garra species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Dhofar Region in the Arabian Peninsula using an integrated morpho-molecular approach|