Garra dunsirei

Banister 1987

Garra dunsirei
Redrawn by Rhian Kendall from Banister (1987)






Holotype: BMNH 1984.3.6:571 68mm SL. Paratypes: BMNH 1984.3.6:572-576 34mm-49mm SL.


Known only from the type-locality: a "sink-hole" (= vertical limestone shaft) at Tawi Atair in the Jabal Qara (or Jabal Samhan) Mountains, Dhofar, Oman (17o06'N, 54o34'E). This is 600 km from the nearest population of primary freshwater fishes.


Nothing known. The 23 individuals so far known (6 types, 17 others) were all caught: "in a pool in a side passage 200m down the sink-hole..." (Banister 1987:59). No other information was given.


The only known population of G. dunsirei is so isolated from its congeners and any other freshwater fishes that its relationships cannot be ascertained (Banister 1987). This situation is exacerbated by the fact that the paleohydrology of the area in which it is found is not known. As a member of the genus Garra it is included in the laebein lineage of the subfamily Cyprininae (Howes 1991). Lyon, Geiger and Freyhof (2016) described Garra sindhi from the same province as G. dunsirei and suggested that dunsirei, smartae and sindhi are closely related. This suggests a possibility that dunsirei may be evolved from one of the other two species, or, more likely, that all three share a common ancestor.

Conservation Status

TLO [EN D:3.1:2015]

Harrison, I.J. 2015. Garra dunsirei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: Downloaded on 09 August 2017. R (IUCN 1990), R (IUCN 1993), VU D2 (IUCN 1996, 2000).

Museum Holdings

As above plus: BMNH 1984.3.6:577-579, BMNH 1986.8.21:33-35.

Key References

Banister, K.E. Journal Article 1987 Two new species of Garra (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) from the Arabian peninsula
Krupp, F and Budd, K Journal Article 2009 A new species of the genus Garra (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Oman
Sayyadzadeh, G, Esmaeili, HR and Freyhof, J Journal Article 2015 Garra mondica, a new species from the Mond River drainage with remarks on the genus Garra from the Persian Gulf basin in Iran
Freyhof, J., Hamidan, N.A., Feulner, G.R. and Harrison, I. Book Section 2015 Chapter 3. The status and distribution of freshwater fishes of the Arabian Peninsula
García, N., Harrison, I., Cox, N. and Tognelli, M.F. Book 2015 The status and distribution of freshwater biodiversity in the Arabian Peninsula.
Esmaeili, HR, Sayyadzadeh, G, Coad, B. W. and Eagderi, S Journal Article 2016 Review of the genus Garra Hamilton, 1822 in Iran with description of a new species: a morpho-molecular approach (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)
Nebeshwar, K and Vishwanath, W Journal Article 2017 On the snout and oromandibular morphology of genus Garra, description of two new species from the Koladyne River basin in Mizoram, India, and redescription of G. manipurensis (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)
Garra dunsirei. Photograph by Jorg Freyhof.