Journal Article

Mammoth Cave: A hotspot of subterranean biodiversity in the United States

Niemiller, M.L., Helf, K. and Toomey, R.S.

Record Number:
5456
Year:
2021
Journal:
Diversity
Pages:
1-21
Volume:
13, 373
Notes:
Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Abstract:
Abstract: The Mammoth Cave System in the Interior Low Plateau karst region in central Kentucky, USA is a global hotspot of cave-limited biodiversity, particularly terrestrial species. We searched the literature, museum accessions, and database records to compile an updated list of troglobiotic and stygobiotic species for the Mammoth Cave System and compare our list with previously published checklists. Our list of cave-limited fauna totals 49 species, with 32 troglobionts and 17 stygobionts. Seven species are endemic to the Mammoth Cave System and other small caves in Mammoth Cave National Park. The Mammoth Cave System is the type locality for 33 cave-limited species. The exceptional diversity at Mammoth Cave is likely related to several factors, such as the high dispersal potential of cave fauna associated with expansive karst exposures, high surface productivity, and a long history of exploration and study. Nearly 80% of the cave-limited fauna is of conservation concern, many of which are at an elevated risk of extinction because of small ranges, few occurrences, and several potential threats. Keywords: checklist; karst; species richness; stygobiont; troglobiont
Times Cited:
2
Related Records:
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An excursion to the Mammoth Cave and the Barrens of Kentucky,with some notices of the early settlement of the state
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Notice of the blind-fish, crayfish and insects from the Mammoth Cave, Kentucky
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Beschreibung einiger neuer in der Mammuth-Hohle in Kentucky aufgefundenes Gattungen von Gliederthieren
Tellkampf, T.G. (1844)
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Distribution and status of the Northern Cavefish, Amblyopsis spelaea: Final report to the Indiana Department of Natural Resources Division of Fish and Wildlife Program
Bergstrom, D.E., Noltie, D.B. and Holtsford, T.P. (1995)
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The recovery of the aquatic biological community in Hidden River Cave, Horse Cave, Kentucky
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The phylogeny and historical biogeography of Missouri's Amblyopsis rosae (Ozark cavefish) and Typhlichthys subterraneus (southern cavefish)
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Bergstrom, D.E., Noltie, D.B. and Holtsford, T.P. (1998)
The phylogeny, historical biogeography, and evolution of troglobitism in Amblyopsis rosae (Ozark cavefish) and Typhlichthys subterraneus (southern cavefish)
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Transbrachioral spawning: novel reproductive strategy observed for the pirate perch Aphredodereus sayanus (Aphredoderidae)
Aumiller, S.R. and Noltie, D.B. (2003)
Chemoreceptive responses of the southern cavefish Typhlichthys subterraneus Girard, 1860 (Pisces, Amblyopsidae) to conspecifics and prey
Elliott, W.R. (2003)
A guide to Missouri's cave life
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Family Amblyopsdae Bonaparte 1846
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An isotopic examination of cave, spring and epigean trophic structures in Mammoth Cave National Park
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An isotopic examination of cave, spring and epigean trophic structures in Mammoth Cave National Park
Poly, W.J. and Proudlove, G.S. (2004)
Family Amblyopsdae Bonaparte 1846
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On white fish and black men: Did Stephen Bishop really discover the blind cave fish of Mammoth Cave
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On white fish and black men: Did Stephen Bishop really discover the blind cave fish of Mammoth Cave
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Status report for the southern cavefish, Typhlichthys subterraneus in Arkansas
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The diversity if fishes. Biology, Evolution and Ecology
Romero, A., Connor, M.S. and Vaughan, G.L. (2010)
Population Status of the Southern Cavefish, Typhlichthys subterraneus in Arkansas
Niemiller, M.L. and Poulson, T.L. (2010)
Subterranean fishes of North America: Amblyopsidae
Niemiller, M. L., Near, T. J. and Fitzpatrick, B. M. (2011)
Delimiting species using multilocus data: Diagnosing cryptic diversity in the Southern Cavefish, Typhlichthys Subterraneus (Teleostei: Amblyopsidae)
Cooper, J.E. and Cooper, M.R. (2011)
Observations on the biology of the endangered stygobitic shrimp Palaemonias alabamae, with notes on P. ganteri (Decapoda: Atyidae)
Niemiller, M.L. and Fitzpatrick, B.M. (2012)
Status and life history of the amblyopsid cavefishes in Kentucky
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Effects of climatic and geological processes during the Pleistocene on the evolutionary history of the Northern Cavefish, Amblyopsis Spelaea (Teleostei: Amblyopsidae)
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Effects of climatic and geological processes during the Pleistocene on the evolutionary history of the Northern Cavefish, Amblyopsis Spelaea (Teleostei: Amblyopsidae)
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Evidence for repeated loss of selective constraint in rhodopsin of amblyopsid cavefishes (Teleostei: Amblyopsidae)
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Status, life history, and phylogenetics of amblyopsid cavefishes in Kentucky
Niemiller, M.L., Graening, G.O., Fenolio, D.B., Godwin, J.C., Cooley, J.R., Pearson, W.D., Fitzpatrick, B.M. and Near, T.J. (2013)
Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study
Niemiller, M.L., Graening, G.O., Fenolio, D.B., Godwin, J.C., Cooley, J.R., Pearson, W.D., Fitzpatrick, B.M. and Near, T.J. (2013)
Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study
Niemiller, M.L. and Zigler, K.S. (2013)
Patterns of cave biodiversity and endemism in the Appalachians and interior plateau of Tennessee
Niemiller, M.L., Higgs, D.M. and Soares, D. (2013)
Evidence for hearing loss in amblyopsid cavefishes
Niemiller, M.L., Higgs, D.M. and Soares, D. (2013)
Evidence for hearing loss in amblyopsid cavefishes
Venarsky, M.P., Huntsman, B.M., Huryn, A.D., Benstead, J.P. and Kuhajda, B.R. (2014)
Quantitative food web analysis supports the energy‑limitation hypothesis in cave stream ecosystems
Chakrabarty, P., Prejean, J.A. and Niemiller, M.L. (2014)
The Hoosier cavefish, a new and endangered species (Amblyopsidae, Amblyopsis) from the caves of southern Indiana
Soares, D. Niemiller, M.L. and Higgs, D. (2014)
Review article. Hearing and acoustic communication in cavefishes
Soares, D. Niemiller, M.L. and Higgs, D. (2014)
Review article. Hearing and acoustic communication in cavefishes
Lewis, J.J., Lewis, S. and Nims, P. (2015)
Observations on the ecosystem of Hidden River Cave bioinventory: Community cencus and water quality analysis
Hart, PB (2016)
Diversity and conservation of the Southern Cavefish, Typhlichthys subterraneus
Armbruster, J., Niemiller, M.L. and Hart, P.B. (2016)
Morphological evolution of the cave-, spring-, and swampfishes of the Amblyopsidae
Armbruster, J., Niemiller, M.L. and Hart, P.B. (2016)
Morphological evolution of the cave-, spring-, and swampfishes of the Amblyopsidae
Niemiller, M.L., Zigler, K.S., Hart, P.B., Kuhajda, B.R., Armbruster, J., Ayala, B.N. and Engel, A.S. (2016)
First definitive record of a stygobiotic fish (Percopsiformes, Amblyopsidae, Typhlichthys) from the Appalachians karst region in the eastern United States
Niemiller, M.L., Zigler, K.S., Stephen, C.D.R., Carter, E.T., Paterson, A.T., Taylor, S.J. and Engel, A.S. (2016)
Vertebrate fauna in caves of eastern tennessee within the Appalachians karst region, USA
Soares, D., Niemiller, M.L. and Higgs, D.M. (2016)
Hearing in Cavefishes
Soares, D., Niemiller, M.L. and Higgs, D.M. (2016)
Hearing in Cavefishes
Toomey, R.., Hobbs, H.H. and Olson, R.A. (2017)
An orientation to Mammoth Cave and this volume
White, W.B. and White, E.L. (2017)
Hydrology and hydrogeology of Mammoth Cave
Poulson, T.L. (2017)
Terrestrial cave ecology of the Mammoth Cave region
Helf, K. and Olson, R.A. (2017)
Subsurface aquatic ecology of Mammoth Cave
Toomey, R.., Hobbs, H.H. and Olson, R.A. (2017)
An orientation to Mammoth Cave and this volume
White, W.B. and White, E.L. (2017)
Hydrology and hydrogeology of Mammoth Cave
Malmstrøm, M., Matschiner, M., Tørresen, O.K., Jakobsen K.S. and Jentoft, S. (2017)
Whole genome sequencing data and de novo draft assemblies for 66 teleost species
Poulson, T.L. (2017)
Terrestrial cave ecology of the Mammoth Cave region
Helf, K. and Olson, R.A. (2017)
Subsurface aquatic ecology of Mammoth Cave
Culver, D.C. and Hobbs, H.H. (2017)
Biodiversity of Mammoth Cave
Hobbs, H.H., Olson, R., Winkler, E.G. and Culver, D.C. (2017)
Mammoth Cave: A Human and Natural History
Burress, P.B.H., Burress, E.D. and Armbruster, J. (2017)
Body shape variation within the Southern Cavefish, Typhlichthys subterraneus (Percopsiformes: Amblyopsidae)
Culver, D.C. and Hobbs, H.H. (2017)
Biodiversity of Mammoth Cave
Hobbs, H.H., Olson, R., Winkler, E.G. and Culver, D.C. (2017)
Mammoth Cave: A Human and Natural History
Helf, K.L., Moore, W. and Wells, B. (2018)
Monitoring cave aquatic biota at selected Parks in the Cumberland Piedmont Network: Protocol Narrative—Version 1.0.
O’Dell, G.A. and George, A.I. (2018)
The celebrated black explorer Stephen Bishop and Mammoth Cave: Observations by an English journalist in 1853
O’Dell, G.A. and George, A.I. (2018)
The celebrated black explorer Stephen Bishop and Mammoth Cave: Observations by an English journalist in 1853
Ponta, G.M.L., McGregor, S.W. and Jones, S.W. (2018)
Hydrogeological assessment of Key Cave, Lauderdale County, Alabama
Trimboli, S.R. and Toomey, R.S. (2019)
Temperature and reverse-flow patterns of the River Styx, Mammoth Cave, Kentucky
Trimboli, S.R. and Toomey, R.S. (2019)
Temperature and reverse-flow patterns of the River Styx, Mammoth Cave, Kentucky
Soares, D., and Niemiller, M.L. (2019)
Variation in cephalic neuromasts surface and cave-dwelling fishes of the family Amblyopsidae (Teleostei: Percopsiformes)
Soares, D., and Niemiller, M.L. (2020)
Variation in cephalic neuromasts surface and cave-dwelling fishes of the family Amblyopsidae (Teleostei: Percopsiformes)
Adams, G.L., Burr, B.M. and Warren, M.L. (2020)
Amblyopsidae: Cavefishes
Hart, P.B., Niemiller, M.L., Burress, E.D., Armbruster, J.W., Ludt, W.B. and Chakrabarty, P. (2020)
Cave-adapted evolution in the North American Amblyopsid fishes Inferred using phylogenomics and geometric morphometrics
Adams, G.L., Burr, B.M. and Warren, M.L. (2020)
Amblyopsidae: Cavefishes
Holler Jr., C., Mays, J.D., and Niemiller, M.L (2020)
The fauna of caves and other subterranean habitats of North Carolina, USA
Soares, D., and Niemiller, M.L. (2020)
Variation in cephalic neuromasts surface and cave-dwelling fishes of the family Amblyopsidae (Teleostei: Percopsiformes)
Groves, C., White, W. ,White, B., Palmer, A. and Palmer, P. (2020)
Karst hydrogeology of Mammoth Cave National Park: Why is the world’s longest known cave here?
Groves, C., White, W. ,White, B., Palmer, A. and Palmer, P. (2020)
Karst hydrogeology of Mammoth Cave National Park: Why is the world’s longest known cave here?
Helf, K., Olson, R. and Toomey, R. (2020)
Mammoth Cave Ecology
Helf, K., Olson, R. and Toomey, R. (2020)
Mammoth Cave Ecology
White, W.B. (2020)
A blueprint for the assessment of inorganic carbon flow paths in the Great Onyx groundwater basin, Mammoth Cave National Park
White, W.B. (2020)
A blueprint for the assessment of inorganic carbon flow paths in the Great Onyx groundwater basin, Mammoth Cave National Park
Ponta, G.M.L., McGregor, S.W. and Blackwood, R. (2020)
Time series hydrologic monitoring within karst aquifers of Key Cave and Cathedral Caverns, Alabama
Ponta, G. (2020)
Monitoring karst aquifers in north Alabama for the protection of sensitive aquatic biota
Zigler, K.S., Niemiller, M.L., Stephen, C.D.R., Ayala, B.N. Milne, M.A., Gladstone, N.S., Engel, A.S., Jensen, J.B., Camp, C.D., Ozier, J.C. and Cressler, A. (2020)
Biodiversity from caves and other subterranean habitats of Georgia, USA
Williams, J., Groves, C. and Bledsoe, L.A. (2020)
In-cave tracing to measure discharge in the Great Onyx flow system, Mammoth Cave National Park, Kentucky
Williams, J., Groves, C. and Bledsoe, L.A. (2020)
In-cave tracing to measure discharge in the Great Onyx flow system, Mammoth Cave National Park, Kentucky
Hart, P.B., Niemiller, M.L., Burress, E.D., Armbruster, J.W., Ludt, W.B. and Chakrabarty, P. (2020)
Cave-adapted evolution in the North American Amblyopsid fishes Inferred using phylogenomics and geometric morphometrics
Niemiller, M.L., Helf, K. and Toomey, R.S. (2021)
Mammoth Cave: A hotspot of subterranean biodiversity in the United States
Mouser, J.B., Brewer, S.K., Niemiller, M.L., Mollenhauer, R. and Van Den Bussche, R.A. (2021)
Refining sampling protocols for cavefishes and cave crayfishes to account for environmental variation
Niemiller, M.L., Helf, K. and Toomey, R.S. (2021)
Mammoth Cave: A hotspot of subterranean biodiversity in the United States
Bledsoe, L.A., Groves, C. and Toomey, R. (2021)
The Mammoth Cave National Park world heritage site
Bledsoe, L.A., Groves, C. and Toomey, R. (2021)
The Mammoth Cave National Park world heritage site
Cohen, L.L. (2021)
“The Blackness of Darkness” Mammoth Cave and the racialization of the underground