Metadata

Glaphyropoma spinosum

Bichuette, de Pinna and Trajano 2008

ORDERSUB-ORDERFAMILY
SiluriformesLoricarioideiTrichomycteridae

Synonyms

None.

Country

Brazil

Types

Holotype: MZUSP 99742 58.2mm SL. Paratypes: MZUSP 99743 4 specimens 34.9mm – 45.6mm SL.

Distribution

Type locality: Chapada Diamantina, Municipio de Andarai, Provoado de Igatu, Gruna dos Torras, rio Paraguacu drainage, Bahia, Brazil. 12o52’40.4”S, 41o18’43.3”W.

Habitat

The cave is developed in quartzite.

Systematics

This species is clearly a member of the trichomycterid subfamily Copionodontinae.

Conservation Status

[NE] [VU B1ab(iii):3.1:2011]

Glaphyropoma spinosum is endemic in Brazil, found in seven caves in the region of Chapada Diamantina, BA. These caves do not form a single system, so they represent seven subpopulations, in an area of occupation of 25km2. Although most of these caves are located inside Chapada Diamantina National Park, there is still illegal artisanal mining activity, which affects the quality of the habitat, by removing the substrate in its microhabitat and altering the water flow. Thus, Glaphyropoma spinosum was categorized as Vulnerable (VU) by criterion B1ab (iii). Although it is almost totally inside a Conservation Unit, it is necessary to restrain the illegal mining activity practiced there.”

Museum Holdings

As above only.

Key References

Bichuette, ME Journal Article 2004 Population ecology of troglobitic catfishes, genus Ituglanis, from central Brazil (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae)
Trajano, E, Duarte, L and Menna-Barreto, L Journal Article 2005 Locomotor activity rhythms in cave fishes from Chapada Diamantina, northeastern Brazil (Teleostei: Siluriformes)
Bichuette, M.E., de Pinna, M.C.C. and Trajano, E. Journal Article 2008 A new species of Glaphyropoma: the first subterranean copionodontine catfish and the first occurrence of opercular odontodes in the subfamily (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae)
Bockmann, FA and Castro, RMC Journal Article 2010 The blind catfishes from the caves of Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brazil (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae): description, anatomy, phylogenetic relationships, natural history and biogeography
Rantin, B. and Bichuette, M.E. Journal Article 2013 Phototactic behaviour of suberranean Copionodoninae Pinna 1992 catfishes (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae) rom Chapada Diamantina, central Bahia, northeastern Brazil
Ochoa, L.E., Roxo, F.F., DoNascimiento, C., Sabaj, M.H., Datovo, A., Alfaro, M. and Oliveira, C. Journal Article 2017 Multilocus analysis of the catfish family Trichomycteridae (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Siluriformes) supporting a monophyletic Trichomycterinae