Micromyzon orinoco

Carvalho, Lundberg, Baskin, Friel and Reis 2016



First mentioned as an undescribed Hoplomyzon by Lundberg and Rapp Py-Daniel (1994). Also mentioned as an anophthalmic hoplomyzontine by Friel and Lundberg (1996).




Orinoco River: freshwater


Holotype: ANSP 198335 15.6mm SL.

Paratype: ANSP 200093 14.8mm SL.


Type locality: Deep channel upstream of Los Barrancos,

Conservation Status


Key References

Friel, J.P. Thesis 1994 A phylogenetic study of the Neotropical banjo catfishes (Teleostei; Siluriformes: Aspredinidae)
Friel, J. and Lundberg, J.G. Journal Article 1996 Micromyzon akamai, Gen. et Sp. Nov., a small and eyeless banjo catfish (Siluriformes: Aspredinidae) from the river channels of the lower Amazon basin
Crampton, W.G.R. Book Section 2008 Diversity and adaptation in deep-channel Neotropical electric fishes
Crampton, W.G.R. Book Section 2011 An ecological perspective on diversity and distributions
Carvalho, T.P., Lundberg, J.G., Baskin, J.N., Friel, J.P. and Reis, R.E. Journal Article 2016 A new species of the blind and minature genus Micromyzon Friel and Lundberg, 1996 (Siluriformes: Asprendinidae) from the Orinoco River: describing catfish diversity using high-resolution computed tomography
Friel, J.P. and Carvalho, T. Book Section 2018 Family Aspredinidae - Banjo catfishes
Carvalho, T.P., Arce H., M., Reis, R.E. and Sabaj, M.H. Journal Article 2018 Molecular phylogeny of Banjo catfishes (Ostaryophisi: Siluriformes: Aspredinidae): A continental radiation in South American freshwaters
Dagosta, F.C.P. and de Pinna, M.C.C Journal Article 2019 The fishes of the Amazon: Distribution and biogeographical patterns, with a comprehensive list of species
Chuctaya, J., Encalada, A.C., Barragán, K.S., Torres, M.L., Rojas, K.E., Ochoa-Herrera, V. and Carvalho, T.P. Journal Article 2021 New Ecuadorian records of the eyeless banjo catfish Micromyzon akamai (Siluriformes: Aspredinidae) expand the species range and reveal intraspecific morphological variation