Schistura papulifera

Kottelat, Harries and Proudlove 2007

Schistura papulifera
Photograph by Andreas Neumann in Kren Krang Maw 2003
CypriniformesCobitoidei Nemacheilidae






Holotype: MHNG 2680.074, Paratype: CMK 16040 (1).


Known for certain only from the type locality: Synrang Pamiang cave system, Jaintia Hills, Krem Umsngat entrance, 25°11'14"N, 92°21'03"E, Meghalaya State, India.

Conservation Status

[CR B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii):3.1:2010]

(Vishwanath, W. 2010. Schistura papulifera. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: Downloaded on 14 July 2017). Schistura papulifera is currently known with certainty only from the Krem Synrang Pamiang cave system of less than 15 km², in the Jaintia Hills, eastern Meghalaya  The species is considered to be Critically Endangered as it is known from a single location with highly restricted extent of occurrence and area of occupancy with threats from mining and quarrying resulting in habitat loss and decline in habitat quality.

Choudhury et al. (2017) record that the environmental conditions around the type locality are deterierating significantly and therefore the above category and criteria are clearly justified.


Museum Holdings

Khynriam and Sen (2014:20) report that a specimen of this species is in the collection of ZSI Shillong (V/F/ERS/ZSI/3032). However, this specimen was examined by Choudhury et al. (2017) who found that it is not S. papulifera but an undescribed species of Schistura which may, or may not, be a subterranean fish.

Key References

Kottelat, M., Harries, D.R. and Proudlove, G.S. Journal Article 2007 Schistura papulifera, a new species of cave loach from Meghalaya, India (Teleostei: Balitoridae)
Harries, D.B., Ware, F.J., Fischer, C.W., Biswas, J. and Kharpran-Daly, B.D. Journal Article 2008 A review of the biospeleology of Meghalaya, India
Biswas, J. Journal Article 2009 The biodiversity of Krem Mawkhyrdop of Megalhaya, India, on the verge of extinction
Ramanujam, S.N., Manorama, M. and Dey, S. Journal Article 2010 Ichthyodiversity of Meghalaya, India
Gebauer, H.D. Book 2011 Resources on the speleology of Meghalaya state, India, Part 3: West Khasi Hills
Kottelat, M. Journal Article 2012 Conspectus cobitidum: An inventory of the loaches of the world (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei)
Tringham, M. Book Section 2012 The geology of the Kopili area in relation to its caves
Khynriam, D and Sen, N Journal Article 2014 Taxonomic Study on Nemacheiline Loaches of North East India
Gebauer, H.D. Book 2015 Resources on the speleology of Meghalaya State, India, Part 6: Lumshnong (East Jaintia Hills)
Choudhury, H., Mukhim, D.K.B., Basumatary, S., Warbah, D.P. and Sarma, D. Journal Article 2017 Schistura larketensis, a new cavernicolous fish (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae) from Meghalaya, Northeast India
Absar, P.F., Mitra, S. and Kharkongor, I.J. Journal Article 2017 Teretamon spelaeum, a new species of freshwater crab (Crustacea: Decapoda: Potamidae) from a limestone cave in Meghalaya, India
Saikia, U., Thabah, A., Chachula, O.M. and Ruedi, M. Book Section 2018 The bat fauna of Meghalaya, northeast India: Diversity and conservation
Hajong, P., Wanlambok Sanglyne, M., Dirborne, C.M., Koch, U. and Ramanujam, P. Journal Article 2021 Diversity and distribution of algae in cave ecosystems of Meghalaya: An overview
Kosygin, L., Laskar, B.A. and Khynriam, D. Journal Article 2023 Cavefishes of Meghalaya
Marak, W.K. and Singh, Y.L. Journal Article 2023 Osteology of incomplete lateral lined schisturid loaches of Meghalaya: a comparative account
Sengupta, D., Dutt, S., Kharpran Daly, B.D. and Panda, S. Journal Article 2024 Development of Geopark for protecting karst region of Nongkhlieh Area, Meghalaya
Photograph by Andreas Neumann in Krem Krang Maw 2003