Holotype: CAC-CDMB 035 100.7 mm SL, Paratype: CAC-CDMB 051 78.7 mm SL.
Known only from the type locality: Cave El Puente, Portugal Street, municipality of Lebrija, upper Lebrija River basin, Santander, Colombia. (07°09’49’’ N, 073°17’21’’W).
The Cave El Puente is located in the center of a mountain to the west of the Andean mountain range in Colombia. The cave is oriented vertically with narrow, rocky passageways and galleries where water infiltration was observed. The wells are small, shallow, blocked by ceilings of rock and interconnected by reduced descending channels that drain the limited water flow. Water temperature during the sampling was 21.5 °C and cave temperature was 19.9 °C. The bottom of the wells is rocky and contains much sediment (only four specimens of T. santanderensis were collected here). Bats and a diversity of arthropods inhabit the interior of the galleries. The cave is located in an area untouched by agrochemical products, where the practice of sustainable agroforestry has maintained the flora and fauna relatively well conserved, and where the Autonomous Regional Corporation for the Defense of the Bucaramanga Plateau is preparing a conservation program (Castellanos 2005).
Trichomycterus stramineum is the most similar to T. santanderensis.
(Villa-Navarro, F. 2016. Trichomycterus santanderensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T64792693A64890645.en. Downloaded on 10 July 2017. Although this species has a very restricted distribution, there appears to be no major threats currently affecting its population. Therefore, it is listed as Least Concern. Monitoring of its population is recommended.
As above plus: CAC-CDMB 050 73.4 mm SL, dissected; CAC-CDMB 052 55.5 mm SL, dissected.
- Sket, B. (1988)
- Castellanos-Morales, CA (2007)
- Castellanos-Morales, C.A., Marino-Zamudio, L.L., Guerrero, L. and Maldonado-Ocampo, J. (2011)
- Castellanos-Morales, C.A. and Galvis, F. (2012)
- Colihueque, N., Corrales, O, and Yáñez, M. (2017)
- DoNascimiento C., Herrera-Collazos E.E., Herrera-R G.A., Ortega-Lara A., Villa-Navarro F.A., Usma-Oviedo J.S. and Maldonado-Ocampo J.A. (2017)
|Sket, B.||Journal Article||1988||Speleobiological investigations in the Colombian Andes 1984|
|Castellanos-Morales, CA||Journal Article||2007||Trichomycterus santanderensis: A new species of troglomorphic catfish (Siluriformes, Trichomycteridae) from Colombia|
|Castellanos-Morales, C.A., Marino-Zamudio, L.L., Guerrero, L. and Maldonado-Ocampo, J.||Journal Article||2011||Peces del departamento de Santander, Colombia|
|Castellanos-Morales, C.A. and Galvis, F.||Journal Article||2012||Las especies del genero Trichomycterus (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae) en Colombia|
|Colihueque, N., Corrales, O, and Yáñez, M.||Journal Article||2017||Morphological analysis of Trichomycterus areolatus Valenciennes, 1846 from southern Chilean rivers using a truss-based system (Siluriformes, Trichomycteridae)|
|DoNascimiento C., Herrera-Collazos E.E., Herrera-R G.A., Ortega-Lara A., Villa-Navarro F.A., Usma-Oviedo J.S. and Maldonado-Ocampo J.A.||Journal Article||2017||Checklist of the freshwater fishes of Colombia: a Darwin Core alternative to the updating problem|