Rhamdia typhla

Greenfield, Greenfield, and Woods 1982



Rhamdia laticauda typhla  Greenfield, Greenfield and Woods 1982




Holotype:  FMNH 71605 114.8mm SL. Paratypes:  FMNH 80454 3 specimens 50.8mm ‑ 92.7mm SL; FMNH 80455 3 specimens 52.0mm ‑ 124.9mm SL; FMNH 80456 9 specimens 57.4mm ‑ 118mm SL; UMMZ 192632 70.1mm SL.


Known only from the type locality: a cave in the area Las Cuevas, near Millionario, in the Mountain Pine Ridge, Maya Mountains, Belize, Central America (16o45'N, 89o00'W).


No information available.


Silfvergrip (1996) does not recognise the subspecies. As an independently evolving subterranean taxon this subspecies should be raised to specific status.

Conservation Status


Since it is known from one site only this species is VU D2.

Museum Holdings

As above only.

Key References

Greenfield, D. W. Journal Article 1976 Fish collecting in Belize
Greenfield, D. W., Greenfield, T. A. and Woods, R. L. Journal Article 1982 A new subspecies of cave-dwelling pimelodid catfish, Rhamdia laticauda typhla from Belize, Central America
Langecker, T.G. and Wilkens, H. Journal Article 1992 Comparative ultrastructural studies on the pineal organ of the Mexican catfish Rhamdia laticauda Heckel, 1858 and one of its cave-dwelling derivatives (Pimelodidae, Teleostei)
Junge, P. Journal Article 1992 Egg size and larval development of epigean and cave forms of Rhamdia guatemalensis (Pimelodidae, Pisces)
Silfvergrip, A.M.C. Book 1996 A systematic revision of the neotropical catfish genus Rhamdia (Teleostei, Pimelodidae)
Perdices, A., Bermingham, E., Montilla, A. and Doadrio, I. Journal Article 2002 Evolutionary history of the genus Rhamdia (Teleostei: Pimelodidae) in Central America
Weber, A Thesis 2003 Taxonomie und Artstatus hohlenbewohnender und oberirdischer Welse der Gattung Rhamdia (Pimelodidae, Teleostei) in Mexiko
Hulsey, C.D. and Lopez-Fernandez, H. Book Section 2011 Nuclear Central America
Ricci, J.M.B.,Martinez, E.R.M., Butzge, A.J., Doretto, L.B., Oliveira, M.A., Bombardelli, R.A., Bogerd, J. and Nóbrega, R.H. Journal Article 2018 Characterization of vasa homolog in a neotropical catfish, Jundiá (Rhamdia quelen): Molecular cloning and expression analysis during embryonic and larval development
Scaglione, M.C., Cerutti, R.D., Arfuso, F. and Piccione, G. Journal Article 2018 Light and dark rations and the photic entrainment of circadian locomotor activity patterns in the South American Silver Catfish (Rhamdia quelen, Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Koerber, S. and Reis, R.E. Journal Article 2019 The current situation of Rhamdia Bleeker, 1858 (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae) – Gather available information, define a zero point, and start all over again
Koerber, S. and Reis, R.E. Journal Article 2020 Evidence for the true type-locality of Rhamdia quelen (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae), and the geographical origin and invalid neotype designation of four of its synonyms
Warren, M.L. and Burr, B.M. Book 2020 Freshwater fishes of North America. Volume 2 Characidae to Poeciliidae
Thomas, M.R. and Sabaj, M.H. Book Section 2020 Heptapteridae: Seven-finned catfishes