Talwar in Talwar and Jhingran 1992
Species account reviwed by Ralph Britz
Monopterus indicus Eapen 1963
Monopterus “indicus” Eapen 1963 (by Rosen and Greenwood 1976)
Eapen based the description on a syntype series of five animals 130mm ‑ 162mm TL. The location of these specimens is unknown and they may be lost. Rosen and Greenwood (1976), in their thorough review and revision of synbranchiform fishes, did not examine this species because they could not obtain any specimens of it.
Known only from the type‑locality, a 30 foot (10m) deep well at Kottayam, Kerala State, India (9o30’N, 76o30’E). This is also the type locality of Horaglanis krishnai and the two species coexist.
The only published details are that the fish is found in dug-out wells. It may be an inhabitant of relatively small groundwater voids. Francy Kakkassery (pers. comm.) suggests that they live in the water table up to 10m below the surface and that they are only found where laterite is the predominant bed deposit.
During their revision of the synbranchiform fishes Rosen and Greenwood (1976) examined specimens of Amphipnous indicus Silas and Dawson 1961. They were of the opinion that it was a member of the genus Monopterus. This created a case of homonymy with indicus Silas and Dawson predating indicus Eapen. Because they were unable to examine specimens of indicus Eapen, and determine its relationships within the Synbranchiformes, they decided against nomenclatural action and referred to the species as Monopterus “indicus”. Subsequently Talwar (in Talwar and Jhingran 1992) provided a replacement name for M. “indicus” Eapen and called it M. eapeni. Britz et al. (2016) state that external similarity to West African Monopterus species suggests that M. eapeni might be a member of the ‘Amphipnous group’ within Monopterus.
(Raghavan, R. and Ali, A. 2011. Monopterus eapeni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T172399A6884086.en. Downloaded on 06 July 2017). DD (IUCN, 1996, 2000). Since this species is known only from its type locality it is VU D2 at least. Dahanukar, Raut and Bhat (2004) assess this species as Critically Endangered but with any explanation of how they arrive at this status.
- Eapen, K. C. (1963)
- Rosen, D. E. and Greenwood, P. H. (1976)
- Talwar, P. K. and Jhingran, A. G. (1992)
- Bailey, R. M. and Gans, C. (1998)
- Dahanukar, N, Raut, R and Bhat, A (2004)
- Kurup B.M. Radhakrishnan K.V. and Manojkumar T.G. (2004)
- Dahanukar, N, Raghavan, R, Ali, A, Abraham, R and Shaji, CP (2011)
- Raghavan, R., Das, K, Nameer, PO, Bijukumar, A and Dahanukar, N (2016)
- Britz, R., Doherty-Bone, T.M., Kouete, M.T., Sykes, D. and Gower, D.J. (2016)
- De Grave, S., Arjun, C.P. and Raghavan, R. (2018)
|Eapen, K. C.||Journal Article||1963||A new species of Monopterus from South India|
|Rosen, D. E. and Greenwood, P. H.||Journal Article||1976||A fourth neotropical species of synbranchid eel and the phylogeny and systematics of synbranchiform fishes|
|Talwar, P. K. and Jhingran, A. G.||Book Section||1992||Monopterus (Monopterus) eapeni Talwar, nova nom|
|Bailey, R. M. and Gans, C.||Journal Article||1998||Two new synbranchid fishes, Monopterus roseni from penisular India and M. desilvai from Sri Lanka|
|Dahanukar, N, Raut, R and Bhat, A||Journal Article||2004||Distribution, endemism and threat status of freshwater fishes of the Western Ghats of India|
|Kurup B.M. Radhakrishnan K.V. and Manojkumar T.G.||Conference Paper||2004||Biodiversity status of fishes inhabiting rivers of Kerala (S. India) with special reference to endemism, threats and conservation measures|
|Dahanukar, N, Raghavan, R, Ali, A, Abraham, R and Shaji, CP||Book Section||2011||Chapter 3. The status and distribution of freshwater fishes of the Western Ghats|
|Raghavan, R., Das, K, Nameer, PO, Bijukumar, A and Dahanukar, N||Journal Article||2016||Protected area and imperriled endemic freshwater biodiversity in the Westren Ghats hotspot|
|Britz, R., Doherty-Bone, T.M., Kouete, M.T., Sykes, D. and Gower, D.J.||Journal Article||2016||Monopterus luticolus, a new species of swamp eel from Cameroon (Teleostei: Synbranchidae)|
|De Grave, S., Arjun, C.P. and Raghavan, R.||Journal Article||2018||The discovery of Euryrhynchidae (Crustacea: Decapoda) in India, with the description of a new genus and species|