Eidinemacheilus proudlovei

Freyhof, Abdullah, Ararat, Ibrahim and Geiger 2016

Eidinemacheilus proudlovei
Photograph from Freyhof, Abdullah, Ararat, Ibrahim and Geiger 2016
CypriniformesCobitoidei Nemacheilidae






Holotype: ZFMK-ICH 102318 53.6mm SL. Paratypes: FSJF 3542 (2) 45.5mm and 48.5mm SL. Genbank accession numbers KX774390, KX774392.


Type locality: Subterranean waters, Little Zab River, Sulaimani province, ephemeral spring in the Tabeen Gorge at the slope of the northernmost Piramagrun mountain, about 800 m east of the village Kanishok, Iraq (35°50'3.40"N, 45°6'22.14"E).

Also known from Tabin stream, Sulaimani Province, Kurdistan, Iraq (35.8336N, 45.104544E) (Abdullah 2021).


The true habitat of this species is not known. The animals were discharged from a newly opened spring, previously unknown, during a major storm event on 31st March 2016. The size and nature of the groundwater body which holds the population are not known.


Most closely related to Eidinemacheilus smithi from Iran (Malek-Hosseini et al. 2022).

Biological Notes

Abdullah (2021) collected 38 samples of E. proudlovei which were populated by the monogenean Trematode Gyrodactylus angorae Ergens and Ibragimov 1979. They were found on the skin, fins and gills.

Conservation Status

MuG [NE]

Many individuals, probably in the hundreds, were washed out of the habitat during the storm event that revealed the species. It is possible that this was a major part of the total population.

Museum Holdings

As above only.

Internet Resources

Mitochondrial COI

Mitochondrial COI

Mitochondrial COI

Key References

Juberthie, C. and Decu, V. Book Section 2001 Irak
Freyhof, J., Esmaeili, H.R., Sayyadzadeh, G. and Geiger, M.F. Journal Article 2014 Review of the crested loaches of the genus Paracobitis from Iran and Iraq with the description of four new species (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae)
Jouladeh-Roudbar, A., Vatandoust, S., Eagderi, S., Jafari-Kenari, S. and Mousavi-Sabet, H. Journal Article 2015 Freshwater fishes of Iran: An updated checklist
Freyhof, J., Abdullah, Y.S., Ararat, K., Ibrahim, H. and Geiger, M.F. Journal Article 2016 Eidinemacheilus proudlovei, a new subterranean loach from Iraqi Kursdistan (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae)
Hashemzadeh Segherloo, I., Ghaedrahmati, N. and Freyhof, J. Journal Article 2016 Eidinemacheilus, a new generic name for Noemacheilus smithi Greenwood (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae)
Mousavi-Sabet, H., Vatandoust, S., Fatemi, Y. and Eagderi, S. Journal Article 2016 Tashan Cave a new cavefish locality for Iran; and Garra tashanensis, a new blind species from the Tigris River drainage (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)
Teimori, A., Mostafavi, H. and Esmaeli, H.R. Journal Article 2016 An update note on diversity and conservation of the endemic fishes in Iranian inland waters
Esmaeili, H.R., Mehraban, H., Abbasi, K., Keivany, Y. and Coad, B. Journal Article 2017 Review and updated checklist of freshwater fishes of Iran: Taxonomy, distribution and conservation status
Vatandoust, S., Mousavi‐Sabet, H., Geiger, M.F. and Freyhof, J. Journal Article 2019 A new record of Iranian subterranean fishes reveals the potential presence of a large freshwater aquifer in the Zagros Mountains
Abdullah, Y.S., Abdullah, S.M.A. and Hussein, R.H. Journal Article 2020 Biodiversity of fishes in Sulaimani Province in Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Freyhof, J., Kaya, C. and Ali, A. Book Section 2021 A critical checklist of the inland fishes native to the Euphrates and Tigris drainages
Abdullah, Y.S. Journal Article 2021 Gyrodactylus angorae (Monogenea: Gyrodactylidae): First occurrence on the body of two Nemachilid fishes from Iraq
Malek-Hosseini, M.J., Fatemi, Y., Esmaeili, H.R., Lokovšek, T. and Kuntner, M. Journal Article 2022 A new locality for the blind loach, Eidinemacheilus smithi (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae) in Iranian Zagros: A morpho-molecular approach
Ciçek, E., Jawad, L., Eagderi, S., Esmaeili, H.R., Mouludi-saleh, A., Sungur, S. and Fricke, R. Journal Article 2023 Freshwater fishes of Iraq: a revised and updated annotated checklist—2023
Eidinemcheilus proudlovei. Photograph by Jorg Freyhof