(Greenwood 1976) Segherloo, Ghaedrahmati and Freyhof 2016
Noemacheilus smithi Greenwood 1976
Nemacheilus smithi Greenwood 1976
Paracobitis smithi (Greenwood 1976) Nalbant and Bianco 1998
Holotype: BMNH 1976.6.28:1 apparently immature male 35.5mm SL. At the time of its description this was the only specimen and no other types were assigned.
Known only from the type locality: a flood resurgence at Kaaje‑Ru, near the oasis of Baq‑e‑Loveh, Lorestan Province, Zagros Mountains, Iran (33o05'N, 48o36'E). This locality is 11 km from Tanh‑e‑kraft railway station on the line from Bendar Shapur to Tehran. This is also the type (and only known) locality of Garra typhlops and Garra lorestanensis and the three species coexist.
The true habitat of this species is not known. The collection site is the flood overflow for a large resurgence. The resurgence was explored by diving (Farr 1977, 1984:117) but the way on underwater became too narrow at 2m depth. The flood overflow was also dived but without conclusion. Another sump is located in the same area but was not examined (Farr 1977).
Greenwood (1976) placed this species into the “catchall” genus Noemacheilus as a temporary measure until its proper relationships could be ascertained. He also commented that it was close to the subgenus Paracobitis. It appears to be related to N. ghazniensis and N. rhadineus. Nalbant and Linares (1987) placed this species in the genus Paracobitis but without any reasons for this. A member of the subfamily Nemacheilinae.
World Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1996. Paracobitis smithi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1996: http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.1996.RLTS.T14489A4438678.en. Downloaded on 04 July 2017). R (IUCN 1990), R (IUCN 1993)
B. Sandford (in Coad 1980‑81:73) considers that this species (and its co-inhabitants Garra typhlops and Garra lorestanensis) should be considered endangered because of a collapse at the resurgence from which they were collected. However, as Coad points out (1980‑81:72‑73), these species may not be threatened since the pool in which they were collected probably represents only a small and atypical portion of their habitat. The cave or fissure system in which they have evolved and now live may be quite extensive. Coad (1996) records that reduced recharge of the system through human interaction in a water-poor area, and overcollection, may threaten this species. The Iranian authorities are aware of the rare nature of this animal and have imposed a fine on anyone collecting it illegally. Coad (1996) suggests that an important conservation measure might be the establishment of a small reserve with the assistance of local people.
As above plus: BMNH 1981.3.6:1‑3, NMC uncatalogued 5 specimens (B.W. Coad pers. comm.). VMFC PS1410 to VMFC PS1411 (Mousavi-Sabet and Eagderi 2016).
- Movaghar, S. (1973)
- Greenwood, P. H. (1976)
- Anonymous (1976)
- Smith, A. (1977)
- Farr, M. J. (1977)
- Thines, G. (1978)
- Smith, A. (1978)
- Coad, B. W. (1980-81)
- Farr, M. J. (1984)
- Nalbant, T. T. and Linares, O. (1987)
- Coad, B. W. (1987)
- Coad, B. W. (1996)
- Nalbant, TT and Bianco, PG (1998)
- Coad, BW, Mehrani, R and Najafpour, N (2009)
- Freyhof, J, Esmaeili, HR, Sayyadzadeh, G and Geiger, MF (2014)
- Hashemzadeh Segherloo, I, Ghaedrahmati, N and Freyhof, J (2016)
- Freyhof, J, Abdullah, YS, Ararat, K, Ibrahim, H and geiger, MF (2016)
- Teimori, A., Mostafavi, H. and Esmaeli, H.R. (2016)
- Esmaeili, HR, Mehraban, H, Abbasi, K, Keivany, Y and Coad, B (2017)
|Movaghar, S.||Journal Article||1973||Iranocypris typhlops Kaiser the blind cave fish from Iran|
|Greenwood, P. H.||Journal Article||1976||A new and eyeless cobitid fish (Pisces, Cypriniformes) from the Zagros Mountains, Iran|
|Anonymous||Journal Article||1976||The blind white fishes of Persia|
|Smith, A.||Journal Article||1977||Blind white fish discovery|
|Farr, M. J.||Journal Article||1977||Karue Ru Resurgence, Zagros Mountains, Iran|
|Thines, G.||Journal Article||1978||The blind fishes of Persia|
|Smith, A.||Journal Article||1978||The blind fishes of Persia|
|Coad, B. W.||Journal Article||1980-81||Environmental change and its impact on the freshwater fishes of Iran|
|Farr, M. J.||Book||1984||The great caving adventure|
|Nalbant, T. T. and Linares, O.||Book Section||1987||A study of a subterranean population of Trichomycterus guianense (Eigenmann, 1909) from Venezuela (Pisces, Siluriformes, Trichomycteridae)|
|Coad, B. W.||Journal Article||1987||Zoogeography of the freshwater fishes of Iran|
|Coad, B. W.||Journal Article||1996||Threatened fishes of the world: Iranocypris typhlops Bruun and Kaiser, 1944 (Cyprinidae)|
|Nalbant, TT and Bianco, PG||Journal Article||1998||The loaches of Iran and adjacent regions with description of six new species (Cobitoidea)|
|Coad, BW, Mehrani, R and Najafpour, N||Journal Article||2009||Threatened fishes of the world: Paracobitis smithi (Greenwood, 1976) (Balitoridae)|
|Freyhof, J, Esmaeili, HR, Sayyadzadeh, G and Geiger, MF||Journal Article||2014||Review of the crested loaches of the genus Paracobitis from Iran and Iraq with the description of four new species (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae)|
|Hashemzadeh Segherloo, I, Ghaedrahmati, N and Freyhof, J||Journal Article||2016||Eidinemacheilus, a new generic name for Noemacheilus smithi Greenwood (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae)|
|Freyhof, J, Abdullah, YS, Ararat, K, Ibrahim, H and geiger, MF||Journal Article||2016||Eidinemacheilus proudlovei, a new subterranean loach from Iraqi Kursdistan (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae)|
|Teimori, A., Mostafavi, H. and Esmaeli, H.R.||Journal Article||2016||An update note on diversity and conservation of the endemic fishes in Iranian inland waters|
|Esmaeili, HR, Mehraban, H, Abbasi, K, Keivany, Y and Coad, B||Journal Article||2017||Review and updated checklist of freshwater fishes of Iran: Taxonomy, distribution and conservation status|