Metadata

Eidinemacheilus smithi

(Greenwood 1976) Segherloo, Ghaedrahmati and Freyhof 2016

Eidinemacheilus smithi
Illustration by Brian Coad (44.7mm SL, 55.2mm TL) and used with permission
ORDERSUB-ORDERFAMILY
CypriniformesCobitoidei Nemacheilidae

Synonyms

Noemacheilus smithi  Greenwood 1976

Nemacheilus smithi  Greenwood 1976

Paracobitis smithi  (Greenwood 1976) Nalbant and Bianco 1998

Country

Iran

Types

Holotype: BMNH 1976.6.28:1 apparently immature male 35.5mm SL. At the time of its description this was the only specimen and no other types were assigned.

Distribution

Known only from the type locality: a flood resurgence at Kaaje‑Ru, near the oasis of Baq‑e‑Loveh, Lorestan Province, Zagros Mountains, Iran (33o05'N, 48o36'E). This locality is 11 km from Tanh‑e‑kraft railway station on the line from Bendar Shapur to Tehran. This is also the type (and only known) locality of Garra typhlops and Garra lorestanensis and the three species coexist.

 

Habitat

The true habitat of this species is not known. The collection site is the flood overflow for a large resurgence. The resurgence was explored by diving (Farr 1977, 1984:117) but the way on underwater became too narrow at 2m depth. The flood overflow was also dived but without conclusion. Another sump is located in the same area but was not examined (Farr 1977).

Systematics

Greenwood (1976) placed this species into the “catchall” genus Noemacheilus as a temporary measure until its proper relationships could be ascertained. He also commented that it was close to the subgenus Paracobitis. It appears to be related to N. ghazniensis and N. rhadineus. Nalbant and Linares (1987) placed this species in the genus Paracobitis but without any reasons for this. A member of the subfamily Nemacheilinae.

Conservation Status

[VU D2:2.3:1996]

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1996. Paracobitis smithi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1996: http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.1996.RLTS.T14489A4438678.en. Downloaded on 04 July 2017). R (IUCN 1990), R (IUCN 1993)

B. Sandford (in Coad 1980‑81:73) considers that this species (and its co-inhabitants Garra typhlops and Garra lorestanensis) should be considered endangered because of a collapse at the resurgence from which they were collected. However, as Coad points out (1980‑81:72‑73), these species may not be threatened since the pool in which they were collected probably represents only a small and atypical portion of their habitat. The cave or fissure system in which they have evolved and now live may be quite extensive. Coad (1996) records that reduced recharge of the system through human interaction in a water-poor area, and overcollection, may threaten this species. The Iranian authorities are aware of the rare nature of this animal and have imposed a fine on anyone collecting it illegally. Coad (1996) suggests that an important conservation measure might be the establishment of a small reserve with the assistance of local people.

Museum Holdings

As above plus: BMNH 1981.3.6:1‑3, NMC uncatalogued 5 specimens (B.W. Coad pers. comm.). VMFC PS1410 to VMFC PS1411 (Mousavi-Sabet and Eagderi 2016).

Key References

Movaghar, S. Journal Article 1973 Iranocypris typhlops Kaiser the blind cave fish from Iran
Greenwood, P. H. Journal Article 1976 A new and eyeless cobitid fish (Pisces, Cypriniformes) from the Zagros Mountains, Iran
Anonymous Journal Article 1976 The blind white fishes of Persia
Smith, A. Journal Article 1977 Blind white fish discovery
Farr, M. J. Journal Article 1977 Karue Ru Resurgence, Zagros Mountains, Iran
Thines, G. Journal Article 1978 The blind fishes of Persia
Smith, A. Journal Article 1978 The blind fishes of Persia
Coad, B. W. Journal Article 1980-81 Environmental change and its impact on the freshwater fishes of Iran
Farr, M. J. Book 1984 The great caving adventure
Nalbant, T. T. and Linares, O. Book Section 1987 A study of a subterranean population of Trichomycterus guianense (Eigenmann, 1909) from Venezuela (Pisces, Siluriformes, Trichomycteridae)
Coad, B. W. Journal Article 1987 Zoogeography of the freshwater fishes of Iran
Coad, B. W. Journal Article 1996 Threatened fishes of the world: Iranocypris typhlops Bruun and Kaiser, 1944 (Cyprinidae)
Nalbant, TT and Bianco, PG Journal Article 1998 The loaches of Iran and adjacent regions with description of six new species (Cobitoidea)
Coad, BW, Mehrani, R and Najafpour, N Journal Article 2009 Threatened fishes of the world: Paracobitis smithi (Greenwood, 1976) (Balitoridae)
Freyhof, J, Esmaeili, HR, Sayyadzadeh, G and Geiger, MF Journal Article 2014 Review of the crested loaches of the genus Paracobitis from Iran and Iraq with the description of four new species (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae)
Hashemzadeh Segherloo, I, Ghaedrahmati, N and Freyhof, J Journal Article 2016 Eidinemacheilus, a new generic name for Noemacheilus smithi Greenwood (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae)
Freyhof, J, Abdullah, YS, Ararat, K, Ibrahim, H and geiger, MF Journal Article 2016 Eidinemacheilus proudlovei, a new subterranean loach from Iraqi Kursdistan (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae)
Teimori, A., Mostafavi, H. and Esmaeli, H.R. Journal Article 2016 An update note on diversity and conservation of the endemic fishes in Iranian inland waters
Esmaeili, HR, Mehraban, H, Abbasi, K, Keivany, Y and Coad, B Journal Article 2017 Review and updated checklist of freshwater fishes of Iran: Taxonomy, distribution and conservation status