Journal Article

Molecular investigation of cavernicoles from Kotumsar Cave in Northern Eastern Ghats, India

Laskar, B.A., Kundu, S., Sulthana, R., Adimalla, H., Jaiswal, D., Tyagi, K., Kumar, V. and Chandra, K.

Record Number:
Records of the Zoological Survey of India
The Kotumsar cave is situated in the Eastern Ghats and has been reported by the existence of 14 different organisms morphologically. To reassess the living taxa and hitherto unreported organisms, intervention of molecular tool is required to corroborate the exact faunal diversity. In the present study, we dealt with the environmental samples and opportunistically encountered living specimens from both deep and transition zones of the Kotumsar cave. The morphological and integrated approach confirmed the existence of Rhinolophus rouxii (Medellin et al., 2017) (bat), Kempiola shankari Sinha and Agarwal, 1977 (cricket), Heteropoda leprosa Simon, 1884 (spider). Further, the collected environmental DNA (eDNA) samples were successfully identified as Fejervarya pierrei (Dubois, 1975) (frog), Indoreonectes evezardi (Day, 1872) (fish), Metrocoris sp. (true bug), Barytelphusa cunicularis (Westwood, 1836) (crab), Trigoniulidae sp. (millipede), and Megascolecidae sp. (worm). Hence, the present investigation through combined approaches by both morphological and molecular data helps to add six more organisms to the faunal checklist of Kotumsar cave. The study also contributed the genetic information of cavernicoles in the global database from India. This genetic information would further help to pursuing other biological studies and adopt better conservation strategies of cave-dwelling organisms and restoration of the colligated ecosystem. Keywords: Cave Fauna, Conservation, DNA Barcoding, Environmental DNA (eDNA), New Record
Times Cited:
Related Records:
Thines, G. (1969)
L'Evolution regressive des poissons cavernicoles et abyssaux
Greenwood, P. H. (1976)
A new and eyeless cobitid fish (Pisces, Cypriniformes) from the Zagros Mountains, Iran
Bhargava, H.N., Jain, A.K. and Singh, D. (1984)
On background related chromatic response in the cave fish Nemacheilus evazardi (Day)
Pradhan, R.K. (1984)
Biochemical studies of some tissues of Nemacheilus evezardi Day from Kotumsar Cave
Pradhan, R.K. and Agarwal, S.M. (1984)
Studies on Nemachilus (sic) evezardi Day from Kotumsar Cave. I Chromatophores
Zargar, V. N. and Ghosh, N. (1987)
Observations on the behaviour of troglophilic microphthalmic fish Nemacheilus evezardi (Day) with relation to light
Biswas, J., Pati, A.K., Pradhan, R.K. and Kanoje, R.S. (1988)
Reproductive phase-dependant adjustment in behaviour circadian rhythm characteristics: an example of constructive evolution in hypogean fish
Shriavstava, S. and Saxena, A.B. (1988)
Effects of CuSO4 on the tissue respiration of the blind cave fish (Nemacheilus aureus) (Day) from Bastar (M.P.)
Pradhan, R.K., Pati, A.K. and Agarwal, S.M. (1989)
Meal scheduling modulation of circadian rhythm of phototactic behaviour in cave dwelling fish
Biswas, J. (1989)
Multifrequency rhythms in air gulping behaviour of cave fishes: an example of behavioural divergence
Biswas, J., Pati, A.K., Pradhan, R.K. and Kanoje, R.S. (1990)
Comparative aspects of reproductive phase dependant adjustments in behaviour rythms in epigean and hypogean fish
Biswas, J. (1990)
Biospeleology: The behavioural and physiologic adaptations in a cavernicole
Biswas, J., Pati, A.K. and Pradhan, R.K. (1990)
Circadian and circannual rhythms in air gulping behaviour of cave fish
Skalski, A. W. (1990)
Some observations on the fauna of Kotosmar Cave in India (Bastar, Madhya Pradesh)
Kottelat, M. (1990)
Indochinese nemacheilines. A revision of nemacheiline loaches Pisces, Cypriniformes) of Thailand, Burma, Laos, Cambodia and southern VietNam
Biswas, J., Pradhan, R.K. and Pati, A.K. (1990)
Studies on burying behaviour in epigean and hypogean fish, Oreonectes evezardi: an example of behavioural divergence
Biswas, J. (1991)
Metabolic efficiency and regulation of body weight: A comparison between life in hypogean and epigean ecosystems
Biswas, J. (1991)
Annual modulation of diel motor activity rhythm of a dusk active loach Nemacheilus evezardi (Day): A correlation between daylength and circadian parameters
Biswas, J. and Pati, A.K. (1991)
Influence of thyroid hormones on muscle tissue respiration in hypogean and epigean populations of loach Oreonectus evezardi
Biswas, J. (1992)
Kotumsar Cave ecosystem: An interaction between geophysical, chemical and biological characteristics
Biswas, J. (1992)
Influence of epigean environmental stress on a subterranean cave ecosystem: Kotumsar
Talwar, P. K. and Jhingran, A.G. (1992)
Nemacheilus evezardi Day
Biswas, J. (1993)
Constructive evolution: Phylogenetic age related visual sensibility in the hypogean fish on Kotumsar Cave
Pradhan, R.K. and Biswas, J. (1994)
Towards regressive evolution: The periodic colour change behaviour of the troglophilic fish Nemacheilus evezardi Day
Pradhan, R.K. and Biswas, J. (1994)
The influence of photoperiods on the air-gulping behaviour of the cave fish Nemacheilus evezardi (Day)
Pati, A.K. (2001)
Temporal organisation in locomotor activity of the hypogean loach, Nemacheilus evezardi, and its epigean ancestor
Pati, A.K. and Agrawal, A. (2002)
Circadian rhythm in phototactic behaviour in a cave loach, Nemacheilus evezardi
Pati, A.K. and Agrawal, A. (2002)
Studies of the behavioural ecology and physiology of a hypogean loach, Nemacheilus evezardi, from the Kotumsar Cave India
Diwan, HD, Gupta, MP and Bandhu, J (2004)
Perspective geomorphic analysis of Kotumsar karstic cave zone, Kanger Valley, Chhattisgarh (India)
Sahu, S., Das, K., Tirkey, J., Pattanaik, S., Chainy, G.B.N. and Adhikart, S.P. (2004)
Isolation and characterisation of microrganisms from Kotumsar and Gupteswar caves
Sinha, S and Naik, ML (2004)
Aquatic biodiversity of food chain link in Kotumsar Cave
Pati, AK, Agrawal, A and Parganiha, A (2004)
Update on circadian timing system (CTS) in Nemacheilus evezardi
Pradhan, R.K., Ramteke, A., Soni, R. and Kar, A. (2004)
Circadian variation in the levels of intermediary metabolites and enzyme activity in important tissues of the cave loach Nemacheilus evezardi
Biswas, J (2004)
Behavioural rhythms in cavernicolous loach N. evezardi: suspected role of weak Zeitgebers
Parganiha, A., Ramteke, A., Kar, A. and Pati, A.K. (2006)
Background light intensity modulates circadian rhythm of phototactic behaviour in the cave loach, Nemacheilus evezardi.
Agrawal, A. (2008)
Phototactic behaviour in cave populations of Nemacheilus evezardi with special reference to light intensity and feeding schedules
Biswas, J. and Ramteke, A.K. (2008)
Timed-feeding synchronizes circadian rhythm in vertical swimming activity in cave loach, Nemacheilus evezardi
Pati, A.K. (2008)
Circadian rhythms in hypogean fish: With special reference to the cave loach, Nemacheilus evezardi
Biswas, J (2009)
Kotumsar Cave biodiversity: A review of cavernicoles and their troglobiotic traits
Baskar, S., Swati, C. and Baskar, R. (2018)
Calcite precipitation by Rhodococcus sp. isolated from Kotumsar cave, Chhattisgarh, India
Keskar, A., Raghavan, R., Paingankar, M.S., Kumkar, P., Katwate, U., Jadhav, S., Padhye, A. and Dahanukar, N. (2018)
Molecular phylogeny unveils hidden diversity of hillstream loaches (Cypriniformes: Cobitoidea) in the northern Western Ghats of India
Band, S., Yadava, M.G., Lone, M.A., Shen, C.C., Sree, K. and Ramesh, R. (2018)
High-resolution mid-Holocene Indian summer monsoon recorded in a stalagmite from the Kotumsar Cave, central India
Laskar, B.A., Kundu, S., Sulthana, R., Adimalla, H., Jaiswal, D., Tyagi, K., Kumar, V. and Chandra, K. (2021)
Molecular investigation of cavernicoles from Kotumsar Cave in Northern Eastern Ghats, India