Rhamdia enfurnada

Bichuette and Trajano 2005



Morphology: Variable eye size, from reduced to externally invisible. Pigmentation reduced. Moderately troglomorphic.

Behaviour: Moderately aggressive under laboratory conditions.






Holotype: MZUSP 87776 137.8mm SL. Paratypes: MZUSP 87777, 13 specimens 50.5-218.5mm SL; MZUSP 87778, 1 specimen C and S 58.9mm SL; MZUSP 87779, 1 specimen C and S 99.7mm SL; LIRP 5643, 4 specimens 43.8-147.1mm SL.


Known only from the type locality: Gruna do Enfurnado, Serra do Ramalho, Bahia State, middle Sao Francisco River basin, Brazil. 13o38’44”S, 44o12’05’”W.

Conservation Status


Museum Holdings

As abobe only.

Key References

Silfvergrip, A.M.C. Book 1996 A systematic revision of the neotropical catfish genus Rhamdia (Teleostei, Pimelodidae)
Perdices, A., Bermingham, E., Montilla, A. and Doadrio, I. Journal Article 2002 Evolutionary history of the genus Rhamdia (Teleostei: Pimelodidae) in Central America
Bichuette, M.E. and Trajano, E. Journal Article 2005 A new cave species of Rhamdia (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae) from Serra do Ramalho, northeatern Brazil, with notes on ecology and behaviour
Bichuette, M.E. and Trajano, E. Journal Article 2005 A new subterranean catfish, genus Rhamdia, from Brazil (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae) with notes on ecology
Mattox, T., Mendes, G., Bichuette, M.E., Secutti, S. and Trajano, E. Journal Article 2008 Surface and subterranean ichthyofauna in the Serra do Ramalho karst area, northeastern Brazil, with updated lists of Brazilian troglobitic and troglophilic fishes
Trajano, E., Secutti, S. and Bichuette, M.E. Journal Article 2009 Populatioin decline in a Brazilian cave catfish, Trichomycterus itacarambiensis Trajano and Pinna, 1996 (Siluriformes): reduced flash flood as a probable cause
Hattori, N. Book 2012 Fauna Subterranea da Gruna do Enfurnado
Trajano, E., Gallao, J.E. and Bichuette, M.E. Journal Article 2016 Spots of high biodiversity of troglobites in Brazil: the challenge of measuring subterranean diversity
Ricci, J.M.B.,Martinez, E.R.M., Butzge, A.J., Doretto, L.B., Oliveira, M.A., Bombardelli, R.A., Bogerd, J. and Nóbrega, R.H. Journal Article 2018 Characterization of vasa homolog in a neotropical catfish, Jundiá (Rhamdia quelen): Molecular cloning and expression analysis during embryonic and larval development
Gallão, J.E. and Bichuette M.E. Journal Article 2018 Brazilian obligatory subterranean fauna and threats to the hypogean environment
Scaglione, M.C., Cerutti, R.D., Arfuso, F. and Piccione, G. Journal Article 2018 Light and dark rations and the photic entrainment of circadian locomotor activity patterns in the South American Silver Catfish (Rhamdia quelen, Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Koerber, S. and Reis, R.E. Journal Article 2019 The current situation of Rhamdia Bleeker, 1858 (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae) – Gather available information, define a zero point, and start all over again
Koerber, S. and Reis, R.E. Journal Article 2020 Evidence for the true type-locality of Rhamdia quelen (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae), and the geographical origin and invalid neotype designation of four of its synonyms
Warren, M.L. and Burr, B.M. Book 2020 Freshwater fishes of North America. Volume 2 Characidae to Poeciliidae
Thomas, M.R. and Sabaj, M.H. Book Section 2020 Heptapteridae: Seven-finned catfishes
Campos-Filho, I.S., Gallo, J.S., Gallão, J.E., Torres, D.F., Horta, L., Carpio-Díaz, Y.M., López-Orozco, C.M., Borja-Arrieta, R., Aguiar, J.O. and Bichuette, M.E. Journal Article 2022 Unique and fragile diversity emerges from Brazilian caves – two new amphibious species of Xangoniscus Campos-Filho, Araujo and Taiti, 2014 (Oniscidea, Styloniscidae) from Serra do Ramalho karst area, state of Bahia, Brazil
Aparecida de Oliveira, L., Hoyos-Benjumea, D., Zepon, T. , Bichuette, M.E. and Vieira, L. Journal Article 2023 New records of ground beetles genera (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Scaritinae: Clivinini) from Brazilian caves