Journal Article

Brazilian obligatory subterranean fauna and threats to the hypogean environment

Gallão, J.E. and Bichuette M.E.

Record Number:
3795
Year:
2018
Journal:
ZooKeys
Pages:
1-23
Volume:
746
Abstract:
The subterranean environment harbors species that are not capable of establishing populations in the epigean environment, i.e., the obligatory subterranean species. These organisms live in a unique selective regime in permanent darkness and usually low food availability, high air humidity in terrestrial habitats, and low temperature range allied to other unique conditions related to lithologies and past climatic influences. The pressure to increase Brazil’s economic growth relies on agricultural/pastoral industries and exporting of raw materials such as iron, limestone, ethanol, soybean, cotton, and meat, as well as huge reservoir constructions to generate electricity. Mining (even on a small scale), agricultural expansion, and hydroelectric projects are extremely harmful to subterranean biodiversity, via the modification and even destruction of hypogean habitats. The Brazilian subterranean species were analyzed with respect to their distributions, presence on the IUCN Red List, and current and potential threats to hypogean habitats. A map and three lists are presented, one with the described obligatory subterranean species, one with undescribed taxa, and one with the current and potential threats to the hypogean environment. To date, 150 obligatory subterranean species have been recorded in Brazil, plus at least 156 undescribed troglomorphic taxa, totaling 306 Brazilian troglobites/obligatory cave fauna. We also analyzed the current and potential cave threats and the conservation actions that are underway to attempt to compensate for loss of these habitats. In according to the Brazilian legislation (Decree 6640) only caves of maximum relevance are fully protected. One strategy to protect the subterranean fauna of Brazil is the inclusion of these species in the IUCN Red List (one of attributes that determines maximum relevance for caves); however, one of the IUCN assumptions is that the taxa must be formally described. It is clear that the description and proposed protection of Brazilian subterranean biodiversity depends on more systematics studies.
Times Cited:
11
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Bichuette, M.E., Gimenez, E.A., Arnone, I.S. and Trajano, E. (2018)
An important site for conservation of bats in Brazil: Passa Três cave, São Domingos karst area, with an updated checklist for Distrito Federal (DF) and Goiás state
Slobodian, V. and Pastana, M.N.L. (2018)
Description of a new Pimelodella (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae) species with a discussion on the upper pectoral girdle homology of Siluriformes
Slobodian, V. and Pastana, M.N.L. (2018)
Description of a new Pimelodella (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae) species with a discussion on the upper pectoral girdle homology of Siluriformes
Gallão, J.E. and Bichuette M.E. (2018)
Brazilian obligatory subterranean fauna and threats to the hypogean environment
Ricci, J.M.B.,Martinez, E.R.M., Butzge, A.J., Doretto, L.B., Oliveira, M.A., Bombardelli, R.A., Bogerd, J. and Nóbrega, R.H. (2018)
Characterization of vasa homolog in a neotropical catfish, Jundiá (Rhamdia quelen): Molecular cloning and expression analysis during embryonic and larval development
Pupo, F.M. and Britto, M.R. (2018)
Comparative gross encephalon morphology in Callichthyidae (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Siluriformes)
Gallão, J.E. and Bichuette M.E. (2018)
Brazilian obligatory subterranean fauna and threats to the hypogean environment
Gallão, J.E. and Bichuette M.E. (2018)
Brazilian obligatory subterranean fauna and threats to the hypogean environment
Gallão, J.E. and Bichuette M.E. (2018)
Brazilian obligatory subterranean fauna and threats to the hypogean environment
Gallão, J.E. and Bichuette M.E. (2018)
Brazilian obligatory subterranean fauna and threats to the hypogean environment
Gallão, J.E. and Bichuette M.E. (2018)
Brazilian obligatory subterranean fauna and threats to the hypogean environment
Gallão, J.E. and Bichuette M.E. (2018)
Brazilian obligatory subterranean fauna and threats to the hypogean environment
Gallão, J.E. and Bichuette M.E. (2018)
Brazilian obligatory subterranean fauna and threats to the hypogean environment
Gallão, J.E. and Bichuette M.E. (2018)
Brazilian obligatory subterranean fauna and threats to the hypogean environment
Fernandes, C.S., Batalha, M.A., Bichuette, M.E. (2019)
Dark diversity in the dark: a new approach to subterranean conservation
Pastana, M.N.L., Bockmann, F.A. and Datovo, A. (2019)
The cephalic lateral-line system of Characiformes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi): anatomy and phylogenetic implications
Koerber, S. and Reis, R.E. (2019)
The current situation of Rhamdia Bleeker, 1858 (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae) – Gather available information, define a zero point, and start all over again
Crampton, W.G.R. (2019)
Electroreception, electrogenesis and electric signal evolution
Bichuette, M.E., Simões, L.B., Zepon, T., von Schimonsky, D.M. and Gallão, J.E. (2019)
Richness and taxonomic distinctness of cave invertebrates from the northeastern state of Goiás, central Brazil: a vulnerable and singular area
Fortune, E.S., Andanar, N., Madhav, M., Jayakumar, R., Cowan, N.J., Bichuette, M.E. and Soares, D. (2019)
Spooky interaction at a distance in cave and surface dwelling electric fishes
Bichuette, M.E., Simões, L.B., Zepon, T., von Schimonsky, D.M. and Gallão, J.E. (2019)
Richness and taxonomic distinctness of cave invertebrates from the northeastern state of Goiás, central Brazil: a vulnerable and singular area
Bichuette, M.E., Simões, L.B., Zepon, T., von Schimonsky, D.M. and Gallão, J.E. (2019)
Richness and taxonomic distinctness of cave invertebrates from the northeastern state of Goiás, central Brazil: a vulnerable and singular area
Bichuette, M.E., Simões, L.B., Zepon, T., von Schimonsky, D.M. and Gallão, J.E. (2019)
Richness and taxonomic distinctness of cave invertebrates from the northeastern state of Goiás, central Brazil: a vulnerable and singular area
Roxo, F.F., Ochoa, L.E., Sabaj, M.H., Lujan, N.K., Covain, R., Silva, G.S.C., Melo, B.F., Albert, J.S., Chang, J., Foresti, F., Alfaro, M.E. and Oliveira, C. (2019)
Phylogenomic reappraisal of the Neotropical catfish family Loricariidae (Teleostei: Siluriformes) using ultraconserved elements
Soares, D., Andanar, N., Madhav, M., Jayakumar, R., Cowan, N., Bichuette, B. and Fortune, E.S. (2019)
Differences in electrosocial behavior in troglobitic and epigean Eigenmannia
Splendore de Borba, R., Mariotto, S., Centofante, L., Zawadzki C.H. and Parise-Maltempi, P.P. (2019)
Molecular discrimination of Ancistrus lineages (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) using barcode DNA tool
Splendore de Borba, R., Mariotto, S., Centofante, L., Zawadzki C.H. and Parise-Maltempi, P.P. (2019)
Molecular discrimination of Ancistrus lineages (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) using barcode DNA tool
Splendore de Borba, R., Mariotto, S., Centofante, L., Zawadzki C.H. and Parise-Maltempi, P.P. (2019)
Molecular discrimination of Ancistrus lineages (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) using barcode DNA tool
Liu, A. Schneider, P. and Taylor,J. (2019)
Opsins in the dark. Characterising light sensitive genes in the Brazilian eyeless cavefish Phreatobius cisternrum
Mendes, I.S., Prosdocimi, F., Schomaker-Bastos, A., Furtado, C., Ferreira, R.L., .Pompeu, P.S. and Carvalho, D.C. (2019)
On the evolutionary origin of Neotropical cavefish Ancistrus cryptophthalmus (Siluriformes, Loricariidae) based on the mitogenome and genetic structure of cave and surface populations
Mendes, I.S., Prosdocimi, F., Schomaker-Bastos, A., Furtado, C., Ferreira, R.L., .Pompeu, P.S. and Carvalho, D.C. (2019)
On the evolutionary origin of Neotropical cavefish Ancistrus cryptophthalmus (Siluriformes, Loricariidae) based on the mitogenome and genetic structure of cave and surface populations
Mendes, I.S., Prosdocimi, F., Schomaker-Bastos, A., Furtado, C., Ferreira, R.L., .Pompeu, P.S. and Carvalho, D.C. (2019)
On the evolutionary origin of Neotropical cavefish Ancistrus cryptophthalmus (Siluriformes, Loricariidae) based on the mitogenome and genetic structure of cave and surface populations
Peixoto, L.A.W. and Ohara, W.M. (2019)
A new species of Eigenmannia Jordan & Evermann (Gymnotiformes: Sternopygidae) from rio Tapajo´s, Brazil, with discussion on its species group and the myology within Eigenmanniinae
Terán, G.E., Benitez, M.F. and Mirande, J.M. (2020)
Opening the Trojan horse: phylogeny of Astyanax, two new genera and resurrection of Psalidodon (Teleostei: Characidae)
Koerber, S. and Reis, R.E. (2020)
Evidence for the true type-locality of Rhamdia quelen (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae), and the geographical origin and invalid neotype designation of four of its synonyms
Warren, M.L. and Burr, B.M. (2020)
Freshwater fished of North America. Volume 2 Characidae to Poeciliidae
Thomas, M.R. and Sabaj, M.H. (2020)
Heptapteridae: Seven-finned catfishes
Grempel, R.G., Trajano, E. and Visconti, M.A. (2020)
Regression of dark color in subterranean fishes involves multiple mechanisms: response to hormones and neurotransmitters
Grempel, R.G., Trajano, E. and Visconti, M.A. (2020)
Regression of dark color in subterranean fishes involves multiple mechanisms: response to hormones and neurotransmitters