Sparks and Chakrabarty 2012
Holotype: AMNH 245601. Paratype: AMNH 245602.
Type locailty: Grotte de Vitane (Vitany), sinkhole near Itampolo, coastal plain below and to west of Mahafaly Plateau, 24°42′07.1″S, 043°57′51.3″E, southwestern Madagascar. Biofresh map
Also recorded from: Vences, Rasoloariniaina and Riemann (2018)
|Anjamanohatsy Masay||-24.5819, 43.9661||S|
|Lalia||-24.5808, 43.9969||S||T. madagascariensis, T. pauliani|
|Tehafe||-24.5879, 43.9646||S||T. madagascariensis, T. pauliani|
|Vitany Sud||-24.7018, 43.9641||S|
Vences, Rasoloariniaina and Reimann (2018) obtained tissue samples from 122 individuals of the three Typhleotris species (T. madagascariensis, T. pauliani and T. mararybe). These were analysed to get DNA sequences fron one mitochondrial gene (cox1) and two nuclear genes (kiaa1239 and rag-1). cox 1 sequences were obtained from 118 individuals from 11 localities, rag-1 from 19 individuals from 6 localities and kiaa1239 from 85 individuals from 12 localities. The cox1 marker showed a clear separation of the thee nominal taxa but with some suggestion of hybridization between T. pauliani and T. madagascariensis and between T. pauliani and T. mararybe. All individuals of T. mararybe belong to one clade but both of the other species are divided into two clearly separate clades. Three geographic groupings were revealed. The northern group consisted only of one clade of T. pauliani at Safora, conderably separate from the central and southern groups. All T. maraybe sampled were in the southern group together with one clade of T. madagascariensis and the central group consisted only of the second clade of T. magagascariensis. The second clade of T. pauliani is found in both central and southern groups.
Chakrabarty, Davis and Sparks (2012) demonstrated that the three Madagascar species of Typhleotris are the sister group to the two Australian species of Milyeringa. They placed all five known species in the family Milyeringidae Whitley 1945. This action was fully supported by a multiple molecular marker study by Page et al. (2018).
Kuang et al. (2018) used molecular markers to study the internal structure of the Suborder Gobioidei which contains within it eleven Families. They demonstrated that Milyeringidae is sister Family to a group of four Families: Oxudercidae+Gobiidae+Butidae+ Eleotridae and is only disttantly related to four others: Odontobutidae, Rhyacichthyidae, Apogonidae and Kurtidae (samples from Thalasseleotridae and Trichonotidae were not availabe for analysis).
(FishBase team RMCA and Sparks, J.S. 2016. Typhleotris mararybe. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3. RLTS.T57499221A58341136.en. Downloaded on 06 July 2017). Typhleotris mararybe is an elusive, blind cave-dwelling species endemic to Madagascar. It is only known from five localities (Rasoloariniaina et al. 2016) in a system of hydrologically connected caves near the town of Itampolo, representing one location. The extent of occurrence (EOO) of this species is estimated at 50 km². Given its restricted distribution, single location, and the ongoing decline of habitat this species is classified as Critically Endangered.
This species is found in Ecoregion 87 (Madagascar southern basins) of Thieme et al. (2005). This is a xeric area which is regionally outstanding faunistically, with a conservation status of relatively stable and a priority class of 5 (Sparks 2005).
As above only.
- Reinthal, P.N. and Stiassny, M.L.J. (1990)
- Juberthie, C. and Decu, V. (2001)
- Guyot, L. (2002)
- Sparks, J (2003)
- Sparks, J and Stiassny, MLJ (2003)
- Sparks, J. (2005)
- Sparks, J. (2005)
- Thieme, M.L., Abell, R., Stiassny, M.L.J.,Skelton, P., Lehner, B., Teugels, G., Dinerstein, E., Kamdem-Toham, A., Burgess, B., and Olson, D. (2005)
- Wilmé, L., Goodman, S.M. & Ganzhorn, J.U. (2006)
- Chakrabarty, P. (2010)
- Sparks, J.S. and Chakrabarty, P. (2012)
- Chakrabarty, P., Davis, M.P. and Sparks, J.S. (2012)
- Samonds K.E., Godfrey L.R., Ali J.R., Goodman S.M., Vences M., Sutherland, M.R. Irwin, M.T. and Krause, D.W. (2013)
- Dworak, L., Rasoloariniaina, J.R., Raminosoa, N. and Englert, A. (2015)
- Rasoloariniaina, J.R., Ganzhorn, J.U., Riemann, J.C. and Raminosoa, N. (2016)
- Laumanns, M. (2017)
- Fricke, R.,Mahafina, J.J., Behivoke, F., Jaonalison, H. Leopold, M. and Ponton, D. (2018)
- Kuang, T., Tornabene, L., Lia, J., Jiang, J., Chakrabarty, P., Sparks, J.S., Naylor, G.J.P. and Lia, C. (2018)
- Vences, M., Rasoloariniaina, J.R. and Riemann, J.C. (2018)
|Reinthal, P.N. and Stiassny, M.L.J.||Journal Article||1990||The freshwater fishes of Madagascar: A study of an endangered fauna with recommendations for a conservation strategy|
|Juberthie, C. and Decu, V.||Book Section||2001||Madagascar|
|Guyot, L.||Thesis||2002||Reconnaissance hydrogéologique pour l’alimentation en eau d’une plaine littorale en milieu semi-aride: Sud-Ouest de Madagascar|
|Sparks, J||Book Section||2003||Eleotridae: Typhleotris, Toho|
|Sparks, J and Stiassny, MLJ||Book Section||2003||Introduction to the freshwater fishes|
|Sparks, J.||Book Section||2005||Ecoregion 68. Madagascar western basins|
|Sparks, J.||Book Section||2005||Ecoregion 87. Madagascar southern basins|
|Thieme, M.L., Abell, R., Stiassny, M.L.J.,Skelton, P., Lehner, B., Teugels, G., Dinerstein, E., Kamdem-Toham, A., Burgess, B., and Olson, D.||Book||2005||Freshwater ecoregions of Africa and Madagascar. A conservation assessment|
|Wilmé, L., Goodman, S.M. & Ganzhorn, J.U.||Book||2006||Biogeographic evolution of Madagascar's microendemic biota|
|Chakrabarty, P.||Journal Article||2010||Status and phylogeny of Milyerigidae (Teleostei:Gobiiformes), with the description of a new blind cave-fish from Australia, Milyeringa brooksi, n. sp.|
|Sparks, J.S. and Chakrabarty, P.||Journal Article||2012||Revision of the endemic Malagasy cavefish genus Typhleotris (Teleostei: Gobiiformes: Milyeringidae) with discussion of its phylogenetic placement and description of a new species|
|Chakrabarty, P., Davis, M.P. and Sparks, J.S.||Journal Article||2012||The first record of a trans-oceanic sister-group relationship between obligate vertebrate troglobites|
|Samonds K.E., Godfrey L.R., Ali J.R., Goodman S.M., Vences M., Sutherland, M.R. Irwin, M.T. and Krause, D.W.||Journal Article||2013||Imperfect Isolation: Factors and Filters Shaping Madagascar’s Extant Vertebrate Fauna|
|Dworak, L., Rasoloariniaina, J.R., Raminosoa, N. and Englert, A.||Book Section||2015||Hydrogéologie dans le sud-ouest de Madagascar.|
|Rasoloariniaina, J.R., Ganzhorn, J.U., Riemann, J.C. and Raminosoa, N.||Journal Article||2016||Water quality and biotic interaction of two cavefish species: Typhleotris madagascariensis Petit, 1933 and Typhleotris maraybe Sparks and Chakrabarty, 2012, in the Mahafaly Plateau groundwater syste, Madagascar|
|Laumanns, M.||Journal Article||2017||Atlas of the great caves and the karst of Africa. Part 1. Introduction and Algeria to Madagascar|
|Fricke, R.,Mahafina, J.J., Behivoke, F., Jaonalison, H. Leopold, M. and Ponton, D.||Journal Article||2018||Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar, southwestern Indian Ocean, with 158 new records|
|Kuang, T., Tornabene, L., Lia, J., Jiang, J., Chakrabarty, P., Sparks, J.S., Naylor, G.J.P. and Lia, C.||Journal Article||2018||Phylogenomic analysis on the exceptionally diverse fish clade Gobioidei (Actinopterygii: Gobiiformes) and data-filtering based on molecular clocklikeness|
|Vences, M., Rasoloariniaina, J.R. and Riemann, J.C.||Journal Article||2018||A preliminary assessment of genetic divergence and distribution of Malagasy cave fish in the genus Typhleotris (Teleostei: Milyeringidae)|