Journal Article

Revision of the Endemic Malagasy Cavefish Genu Typhleotris (Teleostei: Gobiiformes: Milyeringidae) with Discussion of its Phylogenetic Placement and Description of a New Species

Sparks, J. S. and Chakrabarty, P.

Record Number:
2989
Year:
2012
Journal:
American Museum Novitates
Pages:
1-28
Short Title:
Revision of the Endemic Malagasy Cavefish Genu Typhleotris (Teleostei: Gobiiformes: Milyeringidae) with Discussion of its Phylogenetic Placement and Description of a New Species
Alternate Journal:
Am Mus Novit
Place Published:
http://hdl.handle.net/2246/6399
Notes:
052yj
PMCID:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1206/3764.2
URL:
://WOS:000312236300001
Date:
Dec 11
Accession Number:
WOS:000312236300001
Language:
English
Issue:
3764
Abstract:
Troglobitic cavefishes of the genus Typhleotris, endemic to coastal southwestern Mad gascar, are taxonomically reviewed and a new darkly pigmented species, Typhleotris mar rybe, is described from an isolated karst sinkhole on the coastal plain below the Mahafaly Plateau. The new species, known only from Grotte de Vitane (Vitany) near the town Itampolo, is unique among blind cavefishes in being uniformly darkly pigmented, rather than fully depigmented or exceptionally light in coloration. In addition to its dark coloration (vs. depigmented, translucent white body in congeners), the new species can be distinguished from its two congeners, Typhleotris madagascariensis and T pauliani, by the sculpted, bony (vs. fleshy) appearance of its head with strongly protruding lateral ethmoid, sphenotic, and pterotic bones, and an elevated vertebral count.
ISSN:
0003-0082
Times Cited:
6
Author Address:
Amer Museum Nat Hist, Dept Ichthyol, Div Vertebrate Zool, New York, NY 10024 USA
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