Cottus “bairdii-cognatus” complex
[Espinasa and Jeffery 2003]
Espinasa and Jeffery (2003) recorded a troglomorphic fish population from a cave in Pennsylvania, USA. They do not differentiate it taxonomically from epigean fishes in the Cottus bairdi-cognatus complex. The following details refer only to the troglomorphic fishes.
Since the troglomorphic population has not been considered as a separate taxon there are no designated types. Espinasa and Jeffery (2003) do not record any museum reference numbers.
Type locality: Eiswert #1 Cave, Nippenose Valley, Lycoming County, Pennsyvania, USA (41o9’23.2”N, 77o12’21.1W). Known also from Tytoona Cave, near Altoona, Blair County, Pennsylvania (Espinasa et al. 2013).
Eiswert #1 Cave is a small vadose stream segment between a sink and a rising. It is likely that the hydrological connection between the downstream end of the cave and the rising is passable to fishes moving up and down stream. There is therefore potentially some degree of connection between epigean and hypogean populations.
The taxonomic position of the troglomorphic taxon is not clear. Two species from which it may be derived, Cottus bairdi and C. cognatus, together with hybrids between the two, are found in the vicinity of Eiswert #1 Cave. The diagnostic characters used to separate these species (3 pelvic fin rays in C. cognatus, 4 pelvic rays in C. bairdi and hybrids) is difficult to apply as fin ray reduction may be a troglomorphic character. It is likely that molecular techniques will be required to resolve this question.
Since this species is known only from only one locality it is minimally VU D2. Luis Espinasa reports (pers. comm.) that a large pig farm is to be built on the karst surface directly above Eiswert #1 Cave. This would certainly be detrimental to the fishes in the cave. It is encouraging that Espinasa and Jeffery (2003) explicitly cover conservation status in their account of this species. They rightly consider that this population should be protected under the United States Endangered Species Act.
- Robins, C.R. (1954)
- Williams, J. D. and Howell, W. M. (1979)
- Troester, JW and White, WB (1984)
- Jones, WR and Jannsen, J (1992)
- Brison, L.L. (2001)
- Coombs, S, Braun, CB and Donovan, B (2001)
- Kanter, MJ and Coombs, S (2003)
- Espinasa, L and Jeffery, WR (2003)
- Robins, CR (2005)
- Cahill, A (2013)
- Espinasa, L, Cahill, A, McCaffery, S and Millar, C (2013)
- Espinasa, L., Mendyk, A., Schaffer, E. and Cahill, A. (2013)
- McCaffery, Sean, Collins, Emily and Espinasa, Luis (2014)
- Gebhard, A.E and Perkin, J.S. (2017)
- Ruppert, JLW, James, PMA, Taylor, EB, Rudlofsem, T, Veillard, M, Davis, CS, Watkinson, D and Poesch, MS (2017)
- Baek, S.Y., Kang, J.H., Jo, S.H., Jang, J.E., Byeon, S.Y., Wang, J.H., Lee, H.G., Choi, J.K. and Lee, H.J. (2018)
|Robins, C.R.||Thesis||1954||A taxonomic revision of the Cottus bairdi and Cottus carolinae species group in eastern North American (Pisces, Cottidae)|
|Williams, J. D. and Howell, W. M.||Journal Article||1979||An albino sculpin from a cave in the New River drainage of West Virginia (Pisces: Cottidae)|
|Troester, JW and White, WB||Journal Article||1984||Seasonal fluctuations in the carbon dioxide partial pressure in a cave atmosphere|
|Jones, WR and Jannsen, J||Journal Article||1992||Lateral line development and feeding behaviour in the mottled sculpin, Cottus bairdi (Scorpaeniformes, Cottidae)|
|Brison, L.L.||Thesis||2001||Experimental analysis of metabolic adaptation of Cottus carolinae in response to photoperiod and food availability|
|Coombs, S, Braun, CB and Donovan, B||Journal Article||2001||The orienting response of Lake Michigan mottled sculpin is mediated by canal neuromasts.|
|Kanter, MJ and Coombs, S||Journal Article||2003||Rheotaxis and prey detection in uniform currents by Lake Michigan mottled sculpin (Cottus bairdi)|
|Espinasa, L and Jeffery, WR||Journal Article||2003||A troglomorphic sculpin (Pisces: Cottidae) population: Geography, morphology and conservation status|
|Robins, CR||Journal Article||2005||Cottus kanawhae, a new cottid fish from the New River System of Virginia and West Virginia|
|Cahill, A||Journal Article||2013||Hybridization and the colonisation of the cave environment by fish|
|Espinasa, L, Cahill, A, McCaffery, S and Millar, C||Journal Article||2013||Partial sequence of a gene involved in skin colouration (MC1R) from the Pennsylvanian Grotto Sculpin|
|Espinasa, L., Mendyk, A., Schaffer, E. and Cahill, A.||Journal Article||2013||The Second Northernmost Cave-adapted Fish in the World? Groundwork on the Tytoona Cave Sculpin Population|
|McCaffery, Sean, Collins, Emily and Espinasa, Luis||Journal Article||2014||Eye histology of the Tytoona Cave Sculpin: Eye loss evolves slower than enhancement of mandibular pores in cavefish?|
|Gebhard, A.E and Perkin, J.S.||Journal Article||2017||Assessing riverscape-scale variation in fish life history using banded sculpin (Cottus carolinae)|
|Ruppert, JLW, James, PMA, Taylor, EB, Rudlofsem, T, Veillard, M, Davis, CS, Watkinson, D and Poesch, MS||Journal Article||2017||Riverscape genetic structure of a threatened and dispersal limited freshwater species, the Rocky Mountain Sculpin (Cottus sp.)|
|Baek, S.Y., Kang, J.H., Jo, S.H., Jang, J.E., Byeon, S.Y., Wang, J.H., Lee, H.G., Choi, J.K. and Lee, H.J.||Journal Article||2018||Contrasting life histories contribute to divergent patterns of genetic diversity and population connectivity in freshwater sculpin fishes|