Eurycea rathbuni

(Stejneger 1896)



Typhlomolge rathbuni  Stejneger 1896

Common name is Texas Blind Salamander


USA, Edwards Plateau


Holotype: USNM 22686


Known from several caves and wells near the type locality (San Marcos Pool of the Edwards Aquifer, Hays County, Texas, USA)


This species is stygobitic (i.e. aquatic)


In the subfamily Hemidactyliinae

Conservation Status

[VU D2: 2.3: 2004] [Hammerson, G. and Chippindale, P. 2004. Eurycea rathbuni]

Internet Resources

Amphibians of the World account

Key References

Potter, F.E. Jr. and Sweet, S.S. Journal Article 1981 Generic boundaries in Texas cave salamanders, and a redescription of Typhlomolge robusta (Amphibia: Plethodontidae)
Chippindale, P.T., Price, A.H., Wiens, J.H. and Hillis, D.M. Journal Article 2000 Phylogenetic relationships and systematic revision of central Texas Hemidactyliine Plethodontid salamanders
Hillis, D.M., Chamberlain, D.E., Wilcox, T.P. and Chippindale, P.T. Journal Article 2001 A new species of subterranean blind salamander (Plethodontidae: Hemidactyliini: Eurycea: Typhlomolge) from Austin, Texas, and a systematic revision of central Texas paedomorphic salamanders
Chippindale, P.T. and Price. A.H. Book Section 2005 Diversity and conservation of plethodontid salamanders of the genus Eurycea in the Edwards Plateau region of central Texas
Chippindale, P.T. Book Section 2005 Eurycea waterlooensis
Bendik, N.F., Gluesenkamp, A.G. and Chippindale, P.T. Conference Paper 2009 The biogeography and rapid radiation of central Texas neotenic salamanders
Chippindale, P.T., Gluesenkamp, A.G. and Bendik, N.F. Conference Paper 2009 Texas cave and spring salamanders (Eurycea): new discoveries and new surprises
Goricki, S., Niemiller, M.L. and Fenolio, D.B. Book Section 2012 Salamanders
Bendik, N.F., Meik, J.M., Gluesenkamp, A.G., Roelke, C.E. and Chippindale, P.T. Journal Article 2013 Biogeography, phylogeny, and morphological evolution of central Texas cave and spring salamanders
Gorički, Š., Niemiller, M.L., Fenolio, D.B. and Gluesenkamp, AG. Book Section 2019 Salamanders
Mahoney, M.J. and Koo, M. Web Page 2021 Eurycea rathbuni: Texas Blind Salamander
Schmidly, D.J., Bradley, R.D., Bradley, L.C. and Yancey, F.D. Book 2023 Taxonomic catalogs for the recent terrestrial vertebrates (species and subspecies) described from Texas