Metadata

Sinocyclocheilus bicornutus

Wang and Liao 1997

ORDERSUB-ORDERFAMILY
CypriniformesCyprinoideiCyprinidae

Synonyms

Sinocyclocheilus biangularis  Wang and Liao 1996

Country

China

Types

Holotype: IHSAW 9050242. Paratypes: IHASW (and ZMC) 12209043-9050241 (1), 9050243-49 (7).

Distribution

Known only from the type locality: An underground river, Xingren County, Gaowu Town, Guizhou Province, China. 25°32'N, 105°12'E.

Systematics

Clade angularis.

Li at al. (2018) obtained a complete mitochondrial genome of Sinocyclocheilus oxycephalus. This allowed them to show that 11 species in the genus comprised a monophyeltic group: S. grahami, S. wumengshanensis, S. oxycephalus, S. ranganensis, S. jii, and the hypogean S. anophthalmus, S. anshuiensis, S. altishoulderus, S. bicornutus, S. rhinocerous and S. furcodorsalis. This grouping does not agree with the clades proposed by Zhao and Zhang (2009) who placed the hypogean species in three separate clades angularis, cyphotergous and tingi. This situation will require further study to resolve.

Conservation Status

[NE]

Museum Holdings

As above only.

Key References

Wang, DH and Liao, JW Journal Article 1997 A new species of Sinocyclocheilus from Guizhou, China (Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae, Barbinae)
Romero, A., Zhao, Y.H. and Cheng, X.Y. Journal Article 2009 The hypogean fishes of China
Zhao, YH and Zhang, CG Book 2009 Endemic fishes of Sinocyclocheilus (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) in China - Species diversity, cave adaptation, systematics and zoogeography
Zhao, YH, Gozlan, R. E. and Zhang, C. G. Journal Article 2011 Out of sight out of mind: current knowledge of Chinese cave fishes
Zhang, C.G. and Zhou, Y.H. Book 2016 Species diversity and distribution of inland fishes in China
Yang,J., Chen,X., Bai,J., Fang,D., Qiu,Y., Jiang,W., Yuan,H., Bian,C., Lu,J., He,S., Pan,X., Zhang,Y., Wang,X., You,X., Wang,Y., Sun,Y., Mao,D., Liu,Y., Fan,G., Zhang,H., Chen,X., Zhang,X., Zheng,L., Wang,J., Cheng,L. Journal Article 2016 The Sinocyclocheilus cavefish genome provides insights into cave adaptation
Li, C.Q., Huang, H.T., Yang, S., He, H., Fu, Q.Y., Chen, S.Y. and Xiao, H. Journal Article 2018 Complete mitochondrial genome and phylogenetic analysis of Sinocyclocheilus oxycephalus (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae)