Journal Article

Morphological evolution of the cave-, spring-, and swampfishes of the Amblyopsidae

Armbruster, J., Niemiller, M.L. and Hart, P.B.

Record Number:
2942
Year:
2016
Journal:
Copeia
Pages:
763-777
Volume:
2016
Abstract:
The Amblyopsidae is a small family of fishes from North America in which most of the species occur in caves. Despite considerable interest and study by biologists, a comprehensive morphological phylogenetic analysis of the family has not been conducted to date. We examined the skeletal morphology of all six genera and recognized species, which included 66 characters. The resulting phylogeny was compared to morphological- and molecular-based phylogenies of previous studies. Results showed a progression of cave adaptation that was significantly different from previous phylogenetic studies. Amblyopsidae was supported by 34 synapomorphies of the skeleton, but relationships within the Amblyopsidae were comparatively weak. The relationships of amblyopsids are likely influenced by morphological convergence as well as changes in the timing of development of some characters. Heterochrony is most visible in the unfused bones of the dorsal portion of the skull. The sister group to Amblyopsidae is Aphredoderidae (pirate perches), and the main character that supports this relationship is the presence of a unique set of upper jaw bones termed here lateromaxillae. This relationship is also supported by an anterior position of the vent, which is used for expelling gametes in Aphredoderus and for moving eggs to the gill chamber in Amblyopsis. It is more likely that Amblyopsis is the only branchial brooding amblyopsid and all other species likely exhibit transbranchioral spawning.
Times Cited:
8
Related Records:
DeKay, J.E. (1842)
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U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (1996)
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U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (1996)
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Schubert, A. L. S. and Noltie, D. B. (1996)
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Bergstrom, D.E., Noltie, D.B. and Holtsford, T.P. (1997)
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Green, S.M. and Romero, A. (1997)
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Elliott, W.R. (1998)
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Poulson, T. (2001)
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Subterranean fishes of North America: Amblyopsidae
Niemiller, M. L., Near, T. J. and Fitzpatrick, B. M. (2011)
Delimiting Species Using Multilocus Data: Diagnosing Cryptic Diversity in the Southern Cavefish, Typhlichthys Subterraneus (Teleostei: Amblyopsidae)
Niemiller, M. L., Near, T. J. and Fitzpatrick, B. M. (2011)
Delimiting Species Using Multilocus Data: Diagnosing Cryptic Diversity in the Southern Cavefish, Typhlichthys Subterraneus (Teleostei: Amblyopsidae)
Niemiller, M. L., Near, T. J. and Fitzpatrick, B. M. (2011)
Delimiting Species Using Multilocus Data: Diagnosing Cryptic Diversity in the Southern Cavefish, Typhlichthys Subterraneus (Teleostei: Amblyopsidae)
Niemiller, M. L., Near, T. J. and Fitzpatrick, B. M. (2011)
Delimiting Species Using Multilocus Data: Diagnosing Cryptic Diversity in the Southern Cavefish, Typhlichthys Subterraneus (Teleostei: Amblyopsidae)
Cooper, J.E. and Cooper, M.R. (2011)
Observations on the biology of the endangered stygobitic shrimp Palaemonias alabamae, with notes on P. ganteri (Decapoda: Atyidae)
Niemiller, M.L., McCandless, J.R., Reynolds, R.G., Caddle, J., Near, T.J., Tillquist, C.R., Pearson, W.D. and Fitzpatrick, B.M. (2012)
Effects of climatic and geological processes during the Pleistocene on the evolutionary history of the Northern Cavefish, Amblyopsis Spelaea (Teleostei: Amblyopsidae)
Niemiller, M.L. and Zigler, K.S. (2013)
Patterns of cave biodiversity and endemism in the Appalachians and interior plateau of Tennessee
Niemiller, M.L., Graening, G.O., Fenolio, D.B., Godwin, J.C., Cooley, J.R., Pearson, W.D., Fitzpatrick, B.M. and Near, T.J. (2013)
Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study
Niemiller, M.L., Higgs, D.M. and Soares, D. (2013)
Evidence for hearing loss in amblyopsid cavefishes
Niemiller, M.L., Graening, G.O., Fenolio, D.B., Godwin, J.C., Cooley, J.R., Pearson, W.D., Fitzpatrick, B.M. and Near, T.J. (2013)
Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study
Niemiller, M.L., Higgs, D.M. and Soares, D. (2013)
Evidence for hearing loss in amblyopsid cavefishes
Niemiller, M.L., Higgs, D.M. and Soares, D. (2013)
Evidence for hearing loss in amblyopsid cavefishes
Niemiller, M.L., Graening, G.O., Fenolio, D.B., Godwin, J.C., Cooley, J.R., Pearson, W.D., Fitzpatrick, B.M. and Near, T.J. (2013)
Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study
Niemiller, M.L., Graening, G.O., Fenolio, D.B., Godwin, J.C., Cooley, J.R., Pearson, W.D., Fitzpatrick, B.M. and Near, T.J. (2013)
Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study
Niemiller, M.L., Higgs, D.M. and Soares, D. (2013)
Evidence for hearing loss in amblyopsid cavefishes
Niemiller, M.L., Fitzpatrick, B.M., Shah, P., Schmitz, L. and Near, T.J. (2013)
Evidence for repeated loss of selective constraint in rhodopsin of amblyopsid cavefishes (Teleostei: Amblyopsidae)
Soares, D. Niemiller, M.L. and Higgs, D. (2014)
Review article. Hearing and acoustic communication in cavefishes
Soares, D. Niemiller, M.L. and Higgs, D. (2014)
Review article. Hearing and acoustic communication in cavefishes
Soares, D. Niemiller, M.L. and Higgs, D. (2014)
Review article. Hearing and acoustic communication in cavefishes
Venarsky, M.P., Huntsman, B.M., Huryn, A.D., Benstead, J.P. and Kuhajda, B.R. (2014)
Quantitative food web analysis supports the energy‑limitation hypothesis in cave stream ecosystems
Venarsky, M.P., Huntsman, B.M., Huryn, A.D., Benstead, J.P. and Kuhajda, B.R. (2014)
Quantitative food web analysis supports the energy‑limitation hypothesis in cave stream ecosystems
Chakrabarty, P., Prejean, J.A. and Niemiller, M.L. (2014)
The Hoosier cavefish, a new and endangered species (Amblyopsidae, Amblyopsis) from the caves of southern Indiana
Venarsky, M.P., Huntsman, B.M., Huryn, A.D., Benstead, J.P. and Kuhajda, B.R. (2014)
Quantitative food web analysis supports the energy‑limitation hypothesis in cave stream ecosystems
Venarsky, M.P., Huntsman, B.M., Huryn, A.D., Benstead, J.P. and Kuhajda, B.R. (2014)
Quantitative food web analysis supports the energy‑limitation hypothesis in cave stream ecosystems
Chakrabarty, P., Prejean, J.A. and Niemiller, M.L. (2014)
The Hoosier cavefish, a new and endangered species (Amblyopsidae, Amblyopsis) from the caves of southern Indiana
Venarsky, M.P., Huntsman, B.M., Huryn, A.D., Benstead, J.P. and Kuhajda, B.R. (2014)
Quantitative food web analysis supports the energy‑limitation hypothesis in cave stream ecosystems
Lewis, J.J., Lewis, S. and Nims, P. (2015)
Observations on the ecosystem of Hidden River Cave bioinventory: Community cencus and water quality analysis
Armbruster, J., Niemiller, M.L. and Hart, P.B. (2016)
Morphological evolution of the cave-, spring-, and swampfishes of the Amblyopsidae
Niemiller, M.L., Zigler, K.S., Stephen, C.D.R., Carter, E.T., Paterson, A.T., Taylor, S.J. and Engel, A.S. (2016)
Vertebrate fauna in caves of eastern tennessee within the Appalachians karst region, USA
Armbruster, J., Niemiller, M.L. and Hart, P.B. (2016)
Morphological evolution of the cave-, spring-, and swampfishes of the Amblyopsidae
Soares, D., Niemiller, M.L. and Higgs, D.M. (2016)
Hearing in Cavefishes
Armbruster, J., Niemiller, M.L. and Hart, P.B. (2016)
Morphological evolution of the cave-, spring-, and swampfishes of the Amblyopsidae
Niemiller, M.L., Zigler, K.S., Hart, P.B., Kuhajda, B.R., Armbruster, J., Ayala, B.N. and Engel, A.S. (2016)
First definitive record of a stygobiotic fish (Percopsiformes, Amblyopsidae, Typhlichthys) from the Appalachians karst region in the eastern United States
Soares, D., Niemiller, M.L. and Higgs, D.M. (2016)
Hearing in Cavefishes
Niemiller, M.L., Zigler, K.S., Hart, P.B., Kuhajda, B.R., Armbruster, J., Ayala, B.N. and Engel, A.S. (2016)
First definitive record of a stygobiotic fish (Percopsiformes, Amblyopsidae, Typhlichthys) from the Appalachians karst region in the eastern United States
Soares, D., Niemiller, M.L. and Higgs, D.M. (2016)
Hearing in Cavefishes
Armbruster, J., Niemiller, M.L. and Hart, P.B. (2016)
Morphological evolution of the cave-, spring-, and swampfishes of the Amblyopsidae
Niemiller, M.L., Zigler, K.S., Hart, P.B., Kuhajda, B.R., Armbruster, J., Ayala, B.N. and Engel, A.S. (2016)
First definitive record of a stygobiotic fish (Percopsiformes, Amblyopsidae, Typhlichthys) from the Appalachians karst region in the eastern United States
Armbruster, J., Niemiller, M.L. and Hart, P.B. (2016)
Morphological evolution of the cave-, spring-, and swampfishes of the Amblyopsidae
Armbruster, J., Niemiller, M.L. and Hart, P.B. (2016)
Morphological evolution of the cave-, spring-, and swampfishes of the Amblyopsidae
Armbruster, J., Niemiller, M.L. and Hart, P.B. (2016)
Morphological evolution of the cave-, spring-, and swampfishes of the Amblyopsidae
Armbruster, J., Niemiller, M.L. and Hart, P.B. (2016)
Morphological evolution of the cave-, spring-, and swampfishes of the Amblyopsidae
Niemiller, M.L., Zigler, K.S., Hart, P.B., Kuhajda, B.R., Armbruster, J., Ayala, B.N. and Engel, A.S. (2016)
First definitive record of a stygobiotic fish (Percopsiformes, Amblyopsidae, Typhlichthys) from the Appalachians karst region in the eastern United States
Hart, PB (2016)
Diversity and conservation of the Southern Cavefish, Typhlichthys subterraneus
Hart, PB (2016)
Diversity and conservation of the Southern Cavefish, Typhlichthys subterraneus
White, W.B. and White, E.L. (2017)
Hydrology and hydrogeology of Mammoth Cave
Poulson, T.L. (2017)
Terrestrial cave ecology of the Mammoth Cave region
Helf, K. and Olson, R.A. (2017)
Subsurface aquatic ecology of Mammoth Cave
Culver, D.C. and Hobbs, H.H. (2017)
Biodiversity of Mammoth Cave
Hobbs, H.H., Olson, R., Winkler, E.G. and Culver, D.C. (2017)
Mammoth Cave: A Human and Natural History
Helf, K. and Olson, R.A. (2017)
Subsurface aquatic ecology of Mammoth Cave
Toomey, R.., Hobbs, H.H. and Olson, R.A. (2017)
An orientation to Mammoth Cave and this volume
White, W.B. and White, E.L. (2017)
Hydrology and hydrogeology of Mammoth Cave
Poulson, T.L. (2017)
Terrestrial cave ecology of the Mammoth Cave region
Helf, K. and Olson, R.A. (2017)
Subsurface aquatic ecology of Mammoth Cave
Culver, D.C. and Hobbs, H.H. (2017)
Biodiversity of Mammoth Cave
Hobbs, H.H., Olson, R., Winkler, E.G. and Culver, D.C. (2017)
Mammoth Cave: A Human and Natural History
Malmstrøm, M., Matschiner, M., Tørresen, O.K., Jakobsen K.S. and Jentoft, S. (2017)
Whole genome sequencing data and de novo draft assemblies for 66 teleost species
Toomey, R.., Hobbs, H.H. and Olson, R.A. (2017)
An orientation to Mammoth Cave and this volume
Burress, P.B.H., Burress, E.D. and Armbruster, J. (2017)
Body shape variation within the Southern Cavefish, Typhlichthys subterraneus (Percopsiformes: Amblyopsidae)
O’Dell, G.A. and George, A.I. (2018)
The celebrated black explorer Stephen Bishop and Mammoth Cave: Observations by an English journalist in 1853
O’Dell, G.A. and George, A.I. (2018)
The celebrated black explorer Stephen Bishop and Mammoth Cave: Observations by an English journalist in 1853
Ponta, G.M.L., McGregor, S.W. and Jones, S.W. (2018)
Hydrogeological assessment of Key Cave, Lauderdale County, Alabama
Ponta, G.M.L., McGregor, S.W. and Jones, S.W. (2018)
Hydrogeological assessment of Key Cave, Lauderdale County, Alabama
Ponta, G.M.L., McGregor, S.W. and Jones, S.W. (2018)
Hydrogeological assessment of Key Cave, Lauderdale County, Alabama
Trimboli, S.R. and Toomey, R.S. (2019)
Temperature and reverse-flow patterns of the River Styx, Mammoth Cave, Kentucky
Trimboli, S.R. and Toomey, R.S. (2019)
Temperature and reverse-flow patterns of the River Styx, Mammoth Cave, Kentucky
Soares, D., and Niemiller, M.L. (2019)
Variation in cephalic neuromasts surface and cave-dwelling fishes of the family Amblyopsidae (Teleostei: Percopsiformes)
Soares, D., and Niemiller, M.L. (2019)
Variation in cephalic neuromasts surface and cave-dwelling fishes of the family Amblyopsidae (Teleostei: Percopsiformes)
Adams, G.L., Burr, B.M. and Warren, M.L. (2020)
Amblyopsidae: Cavefishes
Adams, G.L., Burr, B.M. and Warren, M.L. (2020)
Amblyopsidae: Cavefishes
Adams, G.L., Burr, B.M. and Warren, M.L. (2020)
Amblyopsidae: Cavefishes
Groves, C., White, W. ,White, B., Palmer, A. and Palmer, P. (2020)
Karst hydrogeology of Mammoth Cave National Park: Why is the world’s longest known cave here?
Adams, G.L., Burr, B.M. and Warren, M.L. (2020)
Amblyopsidae: Cavefishes
Adams, G.L., Burr, B.M. and Warren, M.L. (2020)
Amblyopsidae: Cavefishes
Groves, C., White, W. ,White, B., Palmer, A. and Palmer, P. (2020)
Karst hydrogeology of Mammoth Cave National Park: Why is the world’s longest known cave here?
Adams, G.L., Burr, B.M. and Warren, M.L. (2020)
Amblyopsidae: Cavefishes
Groves, C., White, W. ,White, B., Palmer, A. and Palmer, P. (2020)
Karst hydrogeology of Mammoth Cave National Park: Why is the world’s longest known cave here?
Adams, G.L., Burr, B.M. and Warren, M.L. (2020)
Amblyopsidae: Cavefishes
Zigler, K.S., Niemiller, M.L., Stephen, C.D.R., Ayala, B.N. Milne, M.A., Gladstone, N.S., Engel, A.S., Jensen, J.B., Camp, C.D., Ozier, J.C. and Cressler, A. (2020)
Biodiversity from caves and other subterranean habitats of Georgia, USA
Helf, K., Olson, R. and Toomey, R. (2020)
Mammoth Cave Ecology
Adams, G.L., Burr, B.M. and Warren, M.L. (2020)
Amblyopsidae: Cavefishes
Helf, K., Olson, R. and Toomey, R. (2020)
Mammoth Cave Ecology
Helf, K., Olson, R. and Toomey, R. (2020)
Mammoth Cave Ecology
White, W.B. (2020)
A blueprint for the assessment of inorganic carbon flow paths in the Great Onyx groundwater basin, Mammoth Cave National Park
White, W.B. (2020)
A blueprint for the assessment of inorganic carbon flow paths in the Great Onyx groundwater basin, Mammoth Cave National Park
White, W.B. (2020)
A blueprint for the assessment of inorganic carbon flow paths in the Great Onyx groundwater basin, Mammoth Cave National Park
Ponta, G.M.L., McGregor, S.W. and Blackwood, R. (2020)
Time series hydrologic monitoring within karst aquifers of Key Cave and Cathedral Caverns, Alabama
Ponta, G. (2020)
Monitoring karst aquifers in north Alabama for the protection of sensitive aquatic biota
Ponta, G.M.L., McGregor, S.W. and Blackwood, R. (2020)
Time series hydrologic monitoring within karst aquifers of Key Cave and Cathedral Caverns, Alabama
Ponta, G. (2020)
Monitoring karst aquifers in north Alabama for the protection of sensitive aquatic biota
Hart, P.B., Niemiller, M.L., Burress, E.D., Armbruster, J.W., Ludt, W.B. and Chakrabarty, P. (2020)
Cave-adapted evolution in the North American Amblyopsid fishes Inferred using phylogenomics and geometric morphometrics
Ponta, G.M.L., McGregor, S.W. and Blackwood, R. (2020)
Time series hydrologic monitoring within karst aquifers of Key Cave and Cathedral Caverns, Alabama
Williams, J., Groves, C. and Bledsoe, L.A. (2020)
In-cave tracing to measure discharge in the Great Onyx flow system, Mammoth Cave National Park, Kentucky
Williams, J., Groves, C. and Bledsoe, L.A. (2020)
In-cave tracing to measure discharge in the Great Onyx flow system, Mammoth Cave National Park, Kentucky
Williams, J., Groves, C. and Bledsoe, L.A. (2020)
In-cave tracing to measure discharge in the Great Onyx flow system, Mammoth Cave National Park, Kentucky
Soares, D., and Niemiller, M.L. (2020)
Variation in cephalic neuromasts surface and cave-dwelling fishes of the family Amblyopsidae (Teleostei: Percopsiformes)
Soares, D., and Niemiller, M.L. (2020)
Variation in cephalic neuromasts surface and cave-dwelling fishes of the family Amblyopsidae (Teleostei: Percopsiformes)
Hart, P.B., Niemiller, M.L., Burress, E.D., Armbruster, J.W., Ludt, W.B. and Chakrabarty, P. (2020)
Cave-adapted evolution in the North American Amblyopsid fishes Inferred using phylogenomics and geometric morphometrics
Hart, P.B., Niemiller, M.L., Burress, E.D., Armbruster, J.W., Ludt, W.B. and Chakrabarty, P. (2020)
Cave-adapted evolution in the North American Amblyopsid fishes Inferred using phylogenomics and geometric morphometrics
Hart, P.B., Niemiller, M.L., Burress, E.D., Armbruster, J.W., Ludt, W.B. and Chakrabarty, P. (2020)
Cave-adapted evolution in the North American Amblyopsid fishes Inferred using phylogenomics and geometric morphometrics
Hart, P.B., Niemiller, M.L., Burress, E.D., Armbruster, J.W., Ludt, W.B. and Chakrabarty, P. (2020)
Cave-adapted evolution in the North American Amblyopsid fishes Inferred using phylogenomics and geometric morphometrics
Hart, P.B., Niemiller, M.L., Burress, E.D., Armbruster, J.W., Ludt, W.B. and Chakrabarty, P. (2020)
Cave-adapted evolution in the North American Amblyopsid fishes Inferred using phylogenomics and geometric morphometrics
Bledsoe, L.A., Groves, C. and Toomey, R. (2021)
The Mammoth Cave National Park world heritage site
Bledsoe, L.A., Groves, C. and Toomey, R. (2021)
The Mammoth Cave National Park world heritage site
Cohen, L.L. (2021)
“The Blackness of Darkness” Mammoth Cave and the racialization of the underground
Bledsoe, L.A., Groves, C. and Toomey, R. (2021)
The Mammoth Cave National Park world heritage site