Metadata

Amblyopsis hoosieri

Niemiller, Prejean and Chakrabarty 2014 in Chakrabarty, Prejean and Niemiller 2014

Amblyopsis hoosieri
Illustration by Nathan Coussou, from Chakraberty, Prejean and Niemiller 2014. With permission
ORDERSUB-ORDERFAMILY
PercopsiformesPercopsiformesAmblyopsidae

Synonyms

Typhlichthys wyandotte  Eigenmann 1905

Amblyopsis spelaea “N”  Niemiller et al. 2013

Amblyopsis spelaea  Woods and Inger 1957 (in part)

Country

USA

Types

Holotype: INHS 106675 75.1mm SL. Paratypes: INHS 40424 (12), INHS 60574 (1), INHS 102504 (4), LSUMZ 17419 (1), LSUMZ 17420 (1), UMMZ 90379 (2), UMMZ 113550 (1), UMMZ 114890 (2), UMMZ 144604 (1), UMMZ 146992 (1), UMMZ 146994 (3), UMMZ 157174 (1), UMMZ 157175 (1), UMMZ 160944 (1), YPM 25304 (2), YPM 25305 (1).

zoobank.org/688BC3D5-7773-41E8-961F-67E3E4902BE2

zoobank.org/References/C618D622-395E-4FB7-B2DE-16C65053762F

species-id.net/wiki/Amblyopsis_hoosieri

Distribution

Type locailty: Bronson’s Cave (White River Dr.) Spring Mill State Park, Lawrence County, Indiana, USA, 38°44'N, 86°25'W. Also recorded from: Twin Caves, near Mitchell, Lawrence County; Sibert’s Well Cave, beside Wyandotte Cave; Lost River, ca. 2 mi NE of Orangeville; Donaldson’s Cave, Spring Mills State Park, Lawrence County; Stream in Sibert’s Well Cave, Wyandotte, Crawford County; Stream in Sheep Cave, near Wyandotte, Crawford County; Stream in Bronson Cave, Spring Mill State Park, Lawrence County; “possibly” Donaldson farm caves near Indiana University; Twin Cave, Mitchell, Lawrence County; Donaldson Cave, Spring Mill State Park, Lawrence County; Blue Springs Caverns, Lawrence County.

Keith (1988, 1989) surveyed caves and springs in Indiana. He found populations in 45 sites in Indiana. Eleven of the 45 sites in Indiana recorded by Keith were springs (i.e. resurgences) which suggests that this species may exist also in the phreatic zone. Welch and Keith (1974) surveyed caves in the Hoosier natinal Fprest. A study of the ecology of Amblyopsis hoosieri (as A. spelaea) in Blue Spring Cave, Indiana was conducted by Welch (1972). [Romero ansd Bennis (1998) noted that "this species is known from about 1800 caves in Indiana”. This figure is clearly in error].

Habitat

Inhabits cool (8-17oC) hypogean streams which have mixed mud/rock substrates in shoals, and mixed sand/silt substrates in pools (Burr and Warren 1986:219). Eleven of the 45 sites in Indiana recorded by Keith (1988, 1989) were springs (i.e. resurgences) which suggests that this species may exist also in the phreatic zone. A study of the ecology of A. hoosieri (as A. spelaea) in Blue Spring Cave, Indiana was conducted by Welch (1972).

Systematics

Until recently all populations of the Northern Cavefish, distributed in southern Indiana and Northern Kentucky, were considered to be Amblyopsis spelaea. However, genetic, morphological and geographical evidence show that the populations north (Indiana) and south (Kentucky) of the Ohio River are two separate species with Amblyopsis spelaea confined to Kentucky and with Amblyopsis hoosieri confined to Indiana (Chakrabarty et al. 2014).

Conservation Status

MuG [NE]

Museum Holdings

Because Amblyopsis hoosieri was, for most of the time since 1842, thought to be Amblyopsis spelaea it is likely that there are numerous specimens in various museums in the USA that are actually Amblyopsis hoosieri.

Key References

Eigenmann, C. H. Journal Article 1909 Cave vertebrates of America, a study in degenerative evolution
Poulson, T. L. Thesis 1961 Cave adaptation in Amblyopsid fishes
Poulson, T. L. Journal Article 1963 Cave adaptation in Amblyopsid fishes
Poulson, T. L. Journal Article 1964 Life history and the control of population size in Amblyopsid fishes
Mohr, C. E. and Poulson, T. L. Book 1966 The life of the cave
Welch, N. M. Thesis 1972 Movement and ecology of the blind cave fish Amblyopsis spelaea
Welch, N. M. and Keith, J. H. Journal Article 1974 Report on the occurence of the blindfish Amblyopsis spelaea DeKay in selected caves of the Hoosier National Forest
Keith, J. H. Journal Article 1977 The "broken back syndrome"
Keith, J. H. and Gray, L. M. Journal Article 1979 A preliminary study of the occurence of broken-back syndrome in the northern cave-fish (Amblyopsis spelaea) at Spring Mill State Park, Mitchell, Indiana
Keith, J. H. and Powell, R. L. Journal Article 1981 Evaluation of Mayfields Cave, Monroe County, Indiana, for eligability as a National landmark
Keith, J. H. and Poulson, T. L. Journal Article 1981 Broken-back syndrome in Amblyopsis spelaea, Donaldson-Twin Cave, Indiana
Keith, J. H. Journal Article 1988 Distribution of Northern Cavefish, Amblyopsis spelaea DeKay, in Indiana and Kentucky and reccommendations for its protection
Keith, J. H. Journal Article 1989 A report on a field survey to determine the status of the Northern Cavefish (Amblyopsis spelaea DeKay) in Indiana
Keith, J. H., Bassett, J. L. and Duwelius, J. A. Book Section 1996 INDOT implementation of a memorandum of understanding to reduce the impacts of highway construction in Indiana karst
Poulson, T. L. Book Section 1997 Biodiversity in the Mammoth Cave region
Poulson, T. L. Journal Article 1998 Biology of cave fishes: A retrospective and prospective with emphasis on the Amblyopdidae
Niemiller, ML and Poulson, TL Book Section 2010 Subterranean fishes of North America: Amblyopsidae
Chakrabarty, Prosanta, Prejean, Jacques A. and Niemiller, Matthew L. Journal Article 2014 The Hoosier cavefish, a new and endangered species (Amblyopsidae, Amblyopsis) from the caves of southern Indiana
Armbruster, J, Niemiller, M. L. and Hart, PB Journal Article 2016 Morphological evolution of the cave-, spring-, and swampfishes of the Amblyopsidae
Distribution of Amblyopsis spp., Amblyopsis spelaea and A. hoosieri, in the Mitchell Plain and Crawford-Mammoth Uplands of Indiana and Kentucky. From Chakrabarty, Prejean and Niemiller (2014). With permission
Phylogeny of Amblyopsidae. Amblyopsis n is A. hoosieri Modified from Niemiller et al. (2013). From Chakrabarty, Prejean and Niemiller (2014). With permission
Photograph of a paratype of Amblyopsis hoosieri in life, YPM ICH 25304, 60.7 mm SL. Photograph by M.L. Niemiller. From Chakrabarty, Prejean and Niemiller (2014). With permission