Metadata

Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni

Cooper and Kuehne 1974

Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni
Redrawn by Rhian Kendall from Cooper and Kuehne (1974)
ORDERSUB-ORDERFAMILY
PercopsiformesPercopsiformesAmblyopsidae

Synonyms

None.

Country

USA

Types

Holotype: USNM 204999 adult female (with ova) 58.3 mm SL. Paratypes ("paratopotypes" of Cooper and Kuehne 1974): USNM 204998 3 specimens; UMMZ 197679 2 specimens; ALA (UAIC in Cooper and Kuehne 1974) 3705 2 specimens. One specimen reported to be in the collection of T.L. Poulson was never in fact received by him (T.L. Poulson pers. comm.) and the location of this specimen is not known. This is the type species by original designation and monotypy of the cave‑restricted genus Speoplatyrhinus.

Distribution

Known only from the type locality: Key Cave, Lauderdale County, Alabama, USA (34o51’N, 87o40’W). Caves to the west of Key Cave, which may once have held populations, are now inundated after the creation of Pickwick Lake on the Tennessee River. Collier Cave (also known as Collier Slough Bone Cave) lies within the aquifer seen in Key Cave and may be potential site for this species though it has never been seen there. Bell Cave, Elbow Cave and Watkins Sink Cave are also candidates for additional populations (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 1985, 1990, Kuhajda and Mayden 2001). Typhlichthys subterraneus is also recorded from Key Cave (Steve Walsh pers. comm. and John Cooper pers. comm.).

Habitat

Key cave contains sections of deep clear water and several bat roosts. There is an abundant aquatic fauna of stygobitic crayfishes (Procambarus pecki and Cambarus jonesi), amphipods, and isopods and a dense terrestrial invertebrate fauna from the bat guano. The diet probably also includes copepods. Key Cave is an important site for the endangered Gray Bat, Myotis grisesens, and it is thought that the presence of the bats is of vital importance to the cave fishes as their guano will provide direct and indirect sources of food.

Systematics

This is the most troglomorphic of all amblyopsids and is probably not closely related to any of the other species.

Conservation Status

MG TLO [CR B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii):3.1:2013]

(NatureServe. 2013. Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T20467A19033986.en. Downloaded on 10 July 2017). E (Miller 1977), E (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 1987), V (IUCN 1988), E (Williams, Johnson, Hendrickson, Balderas-Balderas, Williams., Navarro-Mendoza, McAllister and Deacon 1989), E (IUCN 1990, 1993), E (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 1994, 1994), CR C2b (IUCN 1996, 2000), G1 (NatureServe 2002). Key Cave is now located within the Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge. This is an area of protected land in the recharge area for Key Cave and it is hoped that deleterious actions and events will be avoided or reduced (United States Fish and Wildlife Service 1996).

Museum Holdings

As above only.

Internet Resources

Encyclopedia of Alabama

Key References

Cooper, J. E. Journal Article 1968 Preliminary comments on a new genus and species ofcave fish from Alabama
Cooper, J. E. and Keuhne, R. A. Journal Article 1974 Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni, a new genus and species of subterranean fish from Alabama
Bechler, D. L. Thesis 1980 The evolution of agonistic behaviour in amblyopsid fishes
Bechler, D. L. Journal Article 1981 Agonistic behaviour in the Amblyopsidae; the cave, spring and swamp fishes
Bechler, D. L. Journal Article 1981 Behavioral studies on the Amblyopsidae; the cave, spring and swamp fish
Service, US Fish and Wildlife Journal Article 1982 Alabama cavefish recovery plan
Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Book 1982 Gray bat recovery plan
Bechler, D. L. Journal Article 1983 The evolution of agonistic behaviour in Amblyopsid fishes
Cobb, R. M. Journal Article 1985 A reconnaissance of caves in Lauderdale and Colbert counties,Alabama for the Alabama cavefish Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni
Cobb, R. M. Journal Article 1986 An attempt to collect specimens of cavefish at three cave sites in northwest Alabama
Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Journal Article 1987 Proposed rule to reclassify the Alabama cavefish (Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni), from threatened to endangered
Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Journal Article 1988 Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants: Reclassification of the Alabama cavefish from threatened to endangered
Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Journal Article 1990 Alabama cavefish, (Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni) Cooper and Kuehne, 1974 Recovery plan
Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Journal Article 1991 Alabama cavefish (Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni)
Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Journal Article 1996 Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni
Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Book 1996 Final environmental assessent and land protection plan. Proposed establishment of Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge, Lauderdale County, Alabama
Romero, A. Journal Article 1998 Threatened fishes of the world: Amblyopsis rosae (Eigenmann, 1898) (Amblyopsidae)
Poulson, T. Journal Article 2001 Morphological and physiological correlates of evolutionary reduction of metabolic rate among amblyopsid cave fishes
Poly, WJ and Wetzel, JE Journal Article 2003 Transbrachioral spawning: novel reproductive strategy observed for the pirate perch Aphredodereus sayanus (Aphredoderidae)
Poly, WJ and Proudlove, GS Journal Article 2004 Family Amblyopsdae Bonaparte 1846