Conference Paper

As above, so below? Testing for gene flow between cave and surface-dwelling populations of Garra barreimiae

Kirchner, S., Sattmann, H., Plan, L., Krenn, H., Victor, R., Haring, E. and Kruckenhauser, L.

Record Number:
3896
Year:
2016
Abstract:
Garra barreimiae is a cyprinid freshwater fish endemic to the southeastern Arabian Peninsula, where it inhabits regularly desiccating water bodies. A hypogean population with troglomorphic traits found in the Al Hoota cave system in northern Oman is considered as conspecific with the normally developed surface morphotypes. Normally the fish live in quiet cave pools but after heavy rain the cave is flushed and limited contact with the surface population is likely. Therefore G. barreimiae is a perfect organism to study the effects of life in complete darkness and mechanisms of adaption. The DNA-study of Kruckenhauser et al. (2011) based on a section of the mitochondrial control region showed that specimens from the cave population are genetically differentiated from the adjacent surface populations. Some surface individuals possess haplotypes characteristic for the cave population and most of these individuals display intermediate phenotypes. These results suggest a quite recent separation of the cave population. For a better understanding of the evolution of the troglomorphic phenotype it is crucial to know if and to what extent gene flow between these morphotypes occurs. Hence, we investigated individuals from two troglomorphic cave populations (including Al Hoota), one cave with constant water outflow giving connection to the surrounding surface water body and two surface sites. In order to estimate potential gene flow between cave and surface populations we utilized 19 variable microsatellite markers designed specifically for G. barreimiae (Kirchner et al. 2014). The results show that both caves inhabited by troglomorphic fish are clearly separated from the surface populations. Some of the specimens with intermediate phenotypes possess a hybrid genotype, while others are genetically clearly of cave origin. For the latter, it can be assumed that cave fish were washed out during floods and the intermediate phenotype is a result of phenotypic plasticity induced by light exposure.
Times Cited:
1
Conference Name:
23rd International Conference on Subterranean Biology
Conference Year:
2016
Conference Location:
2016
Conference Location:
2016
Related Records:
Reid, G. McG. (1978)
A sytematic study of labeine cyprinid fishes with particular reference to the comparative morphology, functional morphology and morphometrics of African Labeo species
Reid, G. McG. (1982)
The form, function and phylogenetic significance of the vomero-palatine organ in Cyprinid fishes
Sandford, M. (1983)
Ervaringen met enkele minder bekende holenvissen
Banister, K.E. (1984)
A subterranean population of Garra barreimiae (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) from Oman, with comments on the concept of regresive evolution
Waltham, A. C., Brown, R. D. and Middleton, T. C. (1985)
Karst and caves in the Jabal Akhdar, Oman
Fausel, P. (1990)
Das Sozialverhalten der Hohlenbarbe Garra barreimiae (Cyprinidae, Pisces)
Banister, K.E., Bell, J. and Crumpler, M. (1992)
Omani blind cave fish
Hanna, S.S. and Al-Belushi, M. (1996)
Introduction to the caves of Oman
Feulner, GR (1998)
Wadi fish of the UAE
Juberthie, C., Magniez, G., Decu, V. and Povara, I. (2001)
Oman
Timmermann, M., Schlupp, I. and Plath, M. (2004)
Shoaling behaviour in a surface-dwelling and cave-dwelling population of a barb Garra barreimiae (Cyprinidae: Teleostei)
Aden, E. (2004)
Ontogenetic eye regression in the cave fish Garra barreimiae
Kollmann, H., Sattmann, H. and Seeman, R. (2007)
"Al Hoota", ein karst- und hohlenkundlisches Forschungs- und Tourismusprojekt im Sultanat Oman
Timmermann, M and Plath, M (2009)
Phototactic response and light sensitivity in an epigean and a hypogean population of a barb (Garra barreimiae, Cyprinidae)
Colli, L., Paglianti, A., Berti, R., Gandolfi, G. and Tagliavini, J. (2009)
Molecular phylogeny of the blind cavefish Phreatichthys andruzzii and Garra barreimiae within the family Cyprinidae
Aden, E. (2010)
Eye development in the cave fish Garra barreimiae
Kruckenhauser, L., Haring, E., Seeman, R. and Sattmann, H. (2011)
Genetic differentiation between cave- and surface dwelling populations of Garra barreimiae (Cyprinidae) in Oman
Kirchner, S., Weimaier, T., Rattei, T., Sattmann, H. and Kruckenhauser, L. (2014)
Characterisation of 19 new microsatellite loci for the Omani barb Garra barreimiae from 454 sequences
Hamidan, N.A., Geiger, M.F. and Freyhof, J. (2014)
Garra jordanica, a new species from the Dead Sea basin with remarks on the relationship of G. ghorensis, G. tibanica and G. rufa (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)
Lujan, N.K. and Conway, K.W. (2015)
Life in the fast lane: A review of rheophily in freshwater fishes
Sayyadzadeh, G., Esmaeili, H.R. and Freyhof, J. (2015)
Garra mondica, a new species from the Mond River drainage with remarks on the genus Garra from the Persian Gulf basin in Iran
Freyhof, J., Hamidan, N.A., Feulner, G.R. and Harrison, I. (2015)
Chapter 3. The status and distribution of freshwater fishes of the Arabian Peninsula
García, N., Harrison, I., Cox, N. and Tognelli, M.F. (2015)
The status and distribution of freshwater biodiversity in the Arabian Peninsula.
Kirchner, S., Sattmann, H., Plan, L., Krenn, H., Victor, R., Haring, E. and Kruckenhauser, L. (2016)
As above, so below? Testing for gene flow between cave and surface-dwelling populations of Garra barreimiae
Kruckenhauser, L., Reginald, V. and Sattmann, H. (2016)
The fauna of the Al Hoota Cave in Northern Oman
Bagheri, M., Goudarzi, F., Zalaghi, A.H. and Savabieasfahani, M. (2016)
Habitat characteristics and population size of Iranocypris typhlops, the Iran cave barb
Esmaeili, H.R., Sayyadzadeh, G., Coad, B.W. and Eagderi, S. (2016)
Review of the genus Garra Hamilton, 1822 in Iran with description of a new species: a morpho-molecular approach (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)
Lyon, R.G., Geiger, M.F. and Freyhof, J. (2016)
Garra sindhi, a new species from the Jebel Samhan Nature Reserve in Oman (Teleostei: Cyprinidae).
Esmaeili, H.R., Mehraban, H., Abbasi, K., Keivany, Y. and Coad, B. (2017)
Review and updated checklist of freshwater fishes of Iran: Taxonomy, distribution and conservation status
Kirchner, S., Sattmann, H., Haring, E., Plan, L., Victor, R. and Kruckenhauser, L. (2017)
Investigating gene flow between the blind cavefish Garra barreimiae and its conspecific surface populations
Nebeshwar, K and Vishwanath, W (2017)
On the snout and oromandibular morphology of genus Garra, description of two new species from the Koladyne River basin in Mizoram, India, and redescription of G. manipurensis (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)
Pichler, A., Ahnelt, H., Kirchner, S., Sattmann, H., Haring, E., Handschuh, S., Freyhof, J., Victor, R. and Kruckenhauser, L. (2018)
The morphological diversity of Garra barreimiae [Teleostei: Cyprinidae]
Englmaier, G.K., Viñuela Rodríguez, N., Waidbacher, H., Palandacic, A., Tesfaye, G., Gessl, W. and Meulenbroek, P. (2020)
New data on Garra makiensis (Cyprinidae, Labeoinae) from the Awash River (Ethiopia) with remarks on its relationships to congeners on the Arabian Peninsula
Freyhof, J., Els, J., Feulner, G.R., Hamidan, N.A. and Krupp, F. (2020)
Freshwater fishes of the Arabian peninsula
Saemi-Komsari, M., Mousavi-Sabet, H., Sattari, M., Eagderi, S., Vatandoust, S. and Doadrio, I. (2020)
Descriptive osteology of Garra rossica (Nikolskii 1900)
Crawford, C.H., Randall, Z.S., Hart, P.B., Page, L.M., Chakrabarty, P., Suvarnaraksha, A. and Flammang, B.E. (2020)
Skeletal and muscular pelvic morphology of hillstream loaches (Cypriniformes: Balitoridae)
Zamani-Faradonbe, M., Keivany, Y., Dorafshan, S. and Zhang, E. (2021)
Two new species of Garra (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from western Iran
Zamani-Faradonbe M. and Keivany Y. (2021)
Biodiversity and distribution of Garra species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) in Iran
Zamani-Faradonbe, M. and Keivany, Y. (2021)
Comparative osteology of two Garra species (Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae) from Hormuz and Sistan basins of Iran
Zamani-Faradonbe, M., Zhang, E. and Keivany, Y. (2021)
Garra hormuzensis, a new species from the upper Kol River drainage in the Persian Gulf basin (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)