Chen and Chu 1988
Holotype: KIZ 865949 105mm SL. Paratypes KIZ (unnumbered) 7 specimens 68-93mm SL.
Known only from the type locality: Jiuxing Limestone Cave, Jiuxiang, Yiliang County, Yunnan Province, China (25o24'N, 103o27'E). Two other species are also found in this cave: Triplophysa yunnanensis and Paralepidocephalus yui (Yang and Chen 1993).
Details of the habitat are discussed in the paper containing the original description but in Chinese. I have not been able to obtain a translation so no details are given here.
A member of the subfamily Barbinae and most closely related to Sinocyclocheilus angustiporus (based on the serrated last ray of the dorsal fin). Wang and Chen (1998) revised the diagnosis of the genus Sinocyclocheilus.
Li at al. (2018) obtained a complete mitochondrial genome of Sinocyclocheilus oxycephalus. This allowed them to show that 11 species in the genus comprised a monophyeltic group: S. grahami, S. wumengshanensis, S. oxycephalus, S. ranganensis, S. jii, and the hypogean S. anophthalmus, S. anshuiensis, S. altishoulderus, S. bicornutus, S. rhinocerous and S. furcodorsalis. This grouping does not agree with the clades proposed by Zhao and Zhang (2009) who placed the hypogean species in three separate clades angularis, cyphotergous and tingi. This situation will require further study to resolve.
Li et al. (2021) obtained the whole genome sequence of Sinocyclocheilus maitianheensis. They found that the hypogean Sinocyclocheilus anophthalmus was its sister species (and they are from the same area) and that the divergence of the two species was 2.7 mya. In addition they found that S. anshuiensis and S. rhinocerous were closely related.
TLO [VU D2:2.3:1996]
R (IUCN, 1990). Currently the type locality is a show cave and it is prohibited to catch this species without permission. Previously many were caught and the population size decreased. This species was listed as a second class protected species of Yunnan Province in 1989 (Yue and Chen 1998:107-109).
EN A2cd (Jiang et al. 2016)
As above only.
- Chen, Y. R., Chu, X. L., Luo, Z. and Wu, J. (1988)
- Chen, Y.R. and Yang, J.X. (1993)
- Chen, Y.R. and Yang, J.X. (1993)
- Yang, J. X. and Chen, Y. R. (1993)
- Wang, D and Chen, YY (1998)
- Yue, P. and Chen, Y. (1998)
- Xiao, H, Zhang, R, Feng, J, Ou, Y., M, Li, W, Chen, S and Zan, R (2002)
- Zhao, Y.H. and Zhang, C.G. (2009)
- Meng, F.W., Braasch, I., Phillips, J.B., Lin, X.W., Titus, T., Zhang, C.G. and Postlethwait, J.H. (2013)
- Meng, F.W., Zhao, Y.H., Postlethwait, J.H. and Zhang, C.G. (2013)
- Hao, Z., Zhang, Q. and Qu, B. (2016)
- Li, C.Q., Huang, H.T., Yang, S., He, H., Fu, Q.Y., Chen, S.Y. and Xiao, H. (2018)
- Meng, F., Zhao, Y.H., Titus, T., Zhang, C.G. and Postlethwait, J.H. (2018)
- Chen, H., Li, C., Liu, T., Chen, S. and Xiao, H. (2019)
- Huang, Z., Titus, T., Postlethwait, J.H. and Meng, F. (2019)
- Lunghi, E., Zhao, Y., Sun, X. and Zhao, Y. (2019)
- Mao, T.-R., Liu, Y.-W., Meegaskumbura, M., Yang, J., Ellepola, G., Senevirathne, G., Fu, C.-H., Gross, J.B. and Pie, M.R. (2020)
- Zhao, Y., Zhang, C. and Proudlove, G.S. (2021)
- Li, R., Wang, X., Bian, C., Gao, Z., Zhang, Y., Jiang, W., Wang, M., You, X., Cheng, L., Pan, X., Yang, J. and Shi, Q. (2021)
|Chen, Y. R., Chu, X. L., Luo, Z. and Wu, J.||Journal Article||1988||A new blind cyprinid fish from Yunnan, China with a reference to the evolution of its characters|
|Chen, Y.R. and Yang, J.X.||Journal Article||1993||Species and origin of cave dwelling Sinocyclocheilus fishes|
|Chen, Y.R. and Yang, J.X.||Journal Article||1993||A synopsis of cavefishes from China|
|Yang, J. X. and Chen, Y. R.||Journal Article||1993||The cavefishes from Jiuxiang Limestone Cave of Yunnan, China with reference to character evolutions|
|Wang, D and Chen, YY||Journal Article||1998||On the diagnosis of Sinocyclocheilus and the taxonomic position of its closely related genus Anchicyclocheilus (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae: Barbinae)|
|Yue, P. and Chen, Y.||Book||1998||China Red Data Book of Endangered Animals. Pisces|
|Xiao, H, Zhang, R, Feng, J, Ou, Y., M, Li, W, Chen, S and Zan, R||Journal Article||2002||Nuclear DNA content and ploidy of seventeen species of fishes in Sinocyclocheilus|
|Zhao, Y.H. and Zhang, C.G.||Journal Article||2009||Threatened fishes of the world: Sinocyclocheilus anophthalmus (Chen and Chu, 1988) (Cyprinidae)|
|Meng, F.W., Braasch, I., Phillips, J.B., Lin, X.W., Titus, T., Zhang, C.G. and Postlethwait, J.H.||Journal Article||2013||Evolution of the eye transcriptome under constant darkness in Sinocyclocheilus cavefish|
|Meng, F.W., Zhao, Y.H., Postlethwait, J.H. and Zhang, C.G.||Journal Article||2013||Differentially-expressed opsin genes identified in Sinocyclocheilus cavefish endemic to China|
|Hao, Z., Zhang, Q. and Qu, B.||Journal Article||2016||Complete mitochondrial genome of a cavefish, Sinocyclocheilus anophthalmus (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae)|
|Li, C.Q., Huang, H.T., Yang, S., He, H., Fu, Q.Y., Chen, S.Y. and Xiao, H.||Journal Article||2018||Complete mitochondrial genome and phylogenetic analysis of Sinocyclocheilus oxycephalus (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae)|
|Meng, F., Zhao, Y.H., Titus, T., Zhang, C.G. and Postlethwait, J.H.||Journal Article||2018||Brain of the blind: transcriptomics of the golden-line cavefish brain|
|Chen, H., Li, C., Liu, T., Chen, S. and Xiao, H.||Journal Article||2019||A metagenomic study of intestinal microbial diversity in relation to feeding habits of surface and cave-dwelling Sinocyclocheilus species|
|Huang, Z., Titus, T., Postlethwait, J.H. and Meng, F.||Journal Article||2019||Eye degeneration and loss of otx5b expression in the cavefish Sinocyclocheilus tileihornes|
|Lunghi, E., Zhao, Y., Sun, X. and Zhao, Y.||Journal Article||2019||Morphometrics of eight Chinese cavefish species|
|Mao, T.-R., Liu, Y.-W., Meegaskumbura, M., Yang, J., Ellepola, G., Senevirathne, G., Fu, C.-H., Gross, J.B. and Pie, M.R.||Journal Article||2020||Evolution in Sinocyclocheilus cavefish is marked by rate shifts, reversals and origin of novel traits|
|Zhao, Y., Zhang, C. and Proudlove, G.S.||Book||2021||Fishes of the Genus Sinocyclocheilus (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) in China. Systematics, biology, biogeography and cave adaptation|
|Li, R., Wang, X., Bian, C., Gao, Z., Zhang, Y., Jiang, W., Wang, M., You, X., Cheng, L., Pan, X., Yang, J. and Shi, Q.||Journal Article||2021||Whole-genome sequencing of Sinocyclocheilus maitianheensis reveals phylogenetic evolution and immunological variances in various Sinocyclocheilus fishes|