Aspidoras mephisto

Tencatt and Bichuette 2017



Aspidoras albater  Nijssen and Isbrucker 1976 (in part)




Holotype: MNRJ 48268 45.6mm SL. Paratypes: LESCI 246 18,8mm SL, LESCI 247 31.2mm SL, LESCI 304 (2 specimens 33.1mm, 31.3mm SL), LESCI 306 33.9mm SL, NUP 18758 (2 specimens 34.7mm, 34.9mm SL, NUP 18760 (2 specimens 29.5mm, 31.7mm SL), LESCI 332 (9 specimens 19.0-27.0mm SL, LESCI 333 19.0mm SL, MCP, MZUSP, ZUFMS-PIS.

Zoobank registered.


Known only from the type locality: the Anésio-Russão cave system, upper Tocantins River basin, Goiás, Brazil. 14°05’27.7”S, 46°22’59.6”W. This system consists of Anésio III cave and Russão II cave.

Conservation Status


Museum Holdings

As above only.

Internet Resources

Morphometric and meristic data

A film of Aspidoras mephisto

Another copy of the film

Key References

Reis, R.E. Journal Article 1998 Anatomy and phylogenetic analysis of the neotropical callichthyid catfishes (Ostariophysi, Siluriformes)
Britto, M. Journal Article 2003 Phylogeny of the subfamily Corydoradinae Hoedeman, 1952 (Siluriformes: Callichthyidae), with a definition of its genera
Trajano, E. Book Section 2003 Ecology and ethology of subterranean catfishes
Shimabukuro-Dias, C.K, Oliveira, C., Reis, R.E. and Foresti, F. Journal Article 2004 Molecular phylogeny of the armored catfish family Callichthyidae (Ostariophysi, Siluriformes)
Secutti, S, Reis, R.E. and Trajano, E. Journal Article 2011 Differentiating cave Aspidoras catfish from a karst area of Central Brazil, upper rio Tocantins basin (Siluriformes: Callichthyidae)
Trajano, E., Gallao, J.E. and Bichuette, M.E. Journal Article 2016 Spots of high biodiversity of troglobites in Brazil: the challenge of measuring subterranean diversity
Tencatt, L.F.C. and Bichuette, M.E. Journal Article 2017 Aspidoras mephisto, new species: The first troglobitic Callichthyidae (Teleostei: Siluriformes) from South America
Tencatt, L.F.C., dos Santos, B.F. and Bichuette, M.E. Journal Article 2017 First report of armoured catfishes Callichthyinae Bonapart, 1838 (Siluriformes: Callichthyidae) in the subterranean domain of northern and northeastern Brazil
Gallão, J.E. and Bichuette M.E. Journal Article 2018 Brazilian obligatory subterranean fauna and threats to the hypogean environment
Pupo, F.M. and Britto, M.R. Journal Article 2018 Comparative gross encephalon morphology in Callichthyidae (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Siluriformes)
Bichuette, M.E., Simões, L.B., Zepon, T., von Schimonsky, D.M. and Gallão, J.E. Journal Article 2019 Richness and taxonomic distinctness of cave invertebrates from the northeastern state of Goiás, central Brazil: a vulnerable and singular area
Tencatt, L.F.C., Muriel-Cunha, J., Zuanon, J., Ferreira, M.F.C. and Britto, M.R. Journal Article 2020 A journey through the Amazon Middle Earth reveals Aspidoras azaghal (Siluriformes: Callichthyidae), a new species of armoured catfish from the rio Xingu basin, Brazil
Tencatt, L.F.C., Britto, M.R., Isbrücker, I.J.H. and Pavanelli, C.S. Journal Article 2022 Taxonomy of the armored catfish genus Aspidoras (Siluriformes: Callichthyidae) revisited, with the description of a new species