Metadata

Gouania pigra

(Nardo 1827)

ORDERSUB-ORDERFAMILY
GobiesociformesGobiesociformesGobiesocidae

Synonyms

Lepadogaster piger  Nardo 1827

Gouania prototypus  Nardo 1833

Gouania piger  Bonaparte 1846

Leptopterygius piger  Gunther 1861

Previously referred to by the informal name of Adriatic slender Gouania (Wagner et al. 2019).

Country

Mediterranean

Types

No original types are known (Eschmeyer, van der Laan and Fricke 2020).

Neotype: PMR VP3529, female, 43.12+5.03 mm (Wagner et al.2020).

Distribution

Neoype locailty: Glavotok, Krk, Croatia, 45°05'44.9"N 14°26'32.4"E (Wagner et al. 2020).

Known also from (Wagner et al. 2020):

ZSM-PIS-047648 male 37.71+4.36 mm Stara Baška, Krk, Croatia, 44°56'45.3"N 14°42'22.2"E

ZSM-PIS-047648 male 37.2+4.31 mm Stara Baška, Krk, Croatia, 44°56'45.3"N 14°42'22.2"E

ZSM-PIS-047648 female 32.58+3.94 mm Stara Baška, Krk, Croatia, 44°56'45.3"N 14°42'22.2"E

PMR VP3531 male 39.48+4.4 mm Glavotok, Krk. Croatia, 45°05'44.9"N 14°26'32.4"E

PMR VP4619 female 35.86+4.14 mm, Stoja, Pula, Croatia, 44°51'38.4"N 13°49'05.0"E

ZSM-PIS-047649, female, 35.14+4.03 mm Pećine, Rijeka, Croatia, 45°18'52.4"N 14°28'11.7"E

ZSM-PIS-047649, male, 37.07+4.51 mm Pećine, Rijeka, Croatia, 45°18'52.4"N 14°28'11.7"E

PMR VP4581, male, 38.67+4.91 mm Sv. Marina, Istria, Croatia, 45°01'42.1"N 14°09'17.4"E

PMR VP4583, male, 36.87+4.08 mm, Sv. Marina, Istria, Croatia, 45°01'42.1"N 14°09'17.4"E

Habitat

The interstitial of marine sands.

Systematics

A member of the Subfamily Lepadogastrinae together with the following genera:  Apletodon (7 species), Diplecogaster (8 species), Lepadogaster (3 species), Lecanogaster (2 species) and Opeatogenys (2 species) (Briggs 1957).

Conservation Status

[NE]

Museum Holdings

As above only.

Key References

Key References

The reference list for this species contains, in addition to directly relevant sources, sources with data on other interstitial fishes, especially the Japanese and Korean species in the genus Luciogobius which seem very similar in environment, habits and morphology.

The most important sources for Gouania are:

Leray (1961) - Contribution a l'étude ostéologique de Gouania wildenowii Risso (Téléostéens) (squelette céphalique et ceintures)

Hofrichter and Patzner (2000) - Habitat and microhabitat of Mediterranean clingfishes (Teleostei: Gobiesociformes: Gobiesocidae)

Ellingson (2012) - Phylogenetics and phylogeography of North Pacific bay gobies: adaptive convergence, relictual endemism, and climate-driven population structure

Ellingson et al. (2014) - Convergent evolution of ecomorphological adaptations in geographically isolated Bay gobies (Teleostei: Gobionellidae) of the temperate North Pacific

Wagner et al. (2017) - Cryptic diversity in pebble beaches: Rapid speciation and convergent evolution in the genus Gouania (Gobiesocidae)

Wagner (2018) - New insights into the phylogeography and evolutionary history of two Mediterranean clingfish genera (Teleostei, Gobiesocidae)

Wagner et al. (2019) - Diversification in gravel beaches: A radiation of interstitial clingfish (Gouania, Gobiesocidae) in the Mediterranean Sea

Wagner et al. (2020) - Unravelling the taxonomy of an interstitial fish radiation: Three new species of Gouania (Teleostei: Gobiesocidae) from the Mediterranean Sea and redescriptions of G. willdenowi and G. pigra

The most important sources for Luciogobius are:

Yamada et al. (2009) - Adaptive radiation of gobies in the interstitial habitats of gravel beaches accompanied by body elongation and excessive vertebral segmentation

Kondo and Kato (2019) - Life in coastal pebble sediment: Unique interstitial organism community and selective feeding on meiobenthos by interstitial fishes (Luciogobius: Gobiidae)

Shibukawa et al. (2019) - Preliminary review of earthworm gobies of the genus Luciogobius (Gobiiformes, Oxudercidae) from Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan (in Japanese)

References

Risso, A. Book 1810 Ichthyologie de Nice, ou histoire naturelle des poissons du Département des Alpes Maritimes
Nardo, G.D. Journal Article 1827 Prodromus observationum et disquisitionum Adriaticae ichthyologiae
Nardo, G.D. Journal Article 1827 Prodromus observationum et disquisitionum ichthyologiae Adriaticae
Nardo, G.D. Journal Article 1833 Eine neue Art von Lepadogaster (L. piger)
Swainson, W. Book 1839 On the natural history and classification of fishes, amphibians, & reptiles, or monocardian animals. Volume 2
Troschel, F.H. Journal Article 1860 Leptopterygius, neue Gattung der Discoboli
Briggs, J.C. Journal Article 1955 A monograph of the clingfishes (order Xenopterygii)
Leray, C. Journal Article 1961 Contribution a l'étude ostéologique de Gouania wildenowii Risso (Téléostéens) (squelette céphalique et ceintures)
Peres, J.M. Journal Article 1967 The Mediterranean benthos
Katayama, M and Ikeda, H Journal Article 1972 Luciogobius pallidus collected at Nagato-shi in Yamaguchi Prefecture
Birdsong, R.S., Murdy, E.O. and Pezold, F. Journal Article 1988 A study of the vertebral column and median fin osteology in gobioid fishes with comments on gobioid relationships.
Hofrichter, R. Thesis 1995 Taxonomie, Verbreitung und Ökologie von Schildfischen der Unterfamilie Lepadogastrinae (Gobiesocidae, Teleostei)
Herler, J.R.A., Patzner, A.A. and Hilgers, H. Journal Article 1999 Habitat selection and ecology of two speleophilic gobiid fishes (Pisces: Gobiidae) from the western Mediterranean Sea
Patzner, R. Journal Article 1999 Habitat utilization and depth distribution of small cryptobenthic fishes (Blenniidae, Gobiesocidae, Gobiidae, Tripterygiidae) in Ibiza (western Mediterranean Sea).
Hofrichter, R. and Patzner, R.A. Journal Article 2000 Habitat and microhabitat of Mediterranean clingfishes (Teleostei: Gobiesociformes: Gobiesocidae)
Almada, F., Henriques, M., Levy, A., Pereira, A.M., Robalo, J.I. and Almada, V.C Journal Article 2008 Reclassification of Lepadogaster candollei based on molecular and meristic evidence with a redefinition of the genus Lepadogaster
Maeda, K., Yamasaki, N., Kondo, M. and Tachihara, K. Journal Article 2008 Occurrence and morphology of larvae and juveniles of six Luciogobius species from Aritsu Beach, Okinawa Island
Yamada, T., Sugiyama, K, Tamaki, K, Kawakita, A. and Kato, M. Journal Article 2009 Adaptive radiation of gobies in the interstitial habitats of gravel beaches accompanied by body elongation and excessive vertebral segmentation
Ellingson, R.A. Thesis 2012 Phylogenetics and phylogeography of North Pacific bay gobies: adaptive convergence, relictual endemism, and climate-driven population structure
Ellingson, R.A., Swift, C.C., Findley, L.T. and Jacobs, D.K. Journal Article 2014 Convergent evolution of ecomorphological adaptations in geographically isolated Bay gobies (Teleostei: Gobionellidae) of the temperate North Pacific
Bilecenoglu, M. Journal Article 2015 First observation of the amphibious behaviour of Gouania willdenowi (Gobiesocidae) in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea
Wagner, M., Bračun, S. and Koblmüller, S. Conference Paper 2017 Cryptic diversity in pebble beaches: Rapid speciation and convergent evolution in the genus Gouania (Gobiesocidae)
King, C.D. Thesis 2017 Molecular phylogenetic investigation of the clingfishes (Teleostei: Gobiesocidae)
Wagner, M. Thesis 2018 New insights into the phylogeography and evolutionary history of two Mediterranean clingfish genera (Teleostei, Gobiesocidae)
Wagner, M., Bračun, S., Skofitsch, G., Kovačić, M., Zogaris, S., Iglésias, S.P., Sefc, K.M. and Koblmüller, S. Journal Article 2019 Diversification in gravel beaches: A radiation of interstitial clingfish (Gouania, Gobiesocidae) in the Mediterranean Sea
Kondo, K. and Kato, M. Journal Article 2019 Life in coastal pebble sediment: Unique interstitial organism community and selective feeding on meiobenthos by interstitial fishes (Luciogobius: Gobiidae)
Mirete-Bachiller, S., Olivieri, D.N., Gambón-Deza, F. Journal Article 2019 Gouania willdenowi is a teleost fish without immunoglobulin genes
Ikeda, Y., Tamada, K. and Hirashima, K. Journal Article 2019 Luciogobius yubai, a new species of gobioid fish (Teleostei: Gobiidae) from Japan
Wagner, M., Kovacic, M. and Koblmüller, S. Journal Article 2020 Unravelling the taxonomy of an interstitial fish radiation: Three new species of Gouania (Teleostei: Gobiesocidae) from the Mediterranean Sea and redescriptions of G. willdenowi and G. pigra.
Yun, S.-M., Park, J.-M. and Han, K.-H. Journal Article 2020 Osteological development of the larvae and juvenile of Luciogobius grandis (Pisces: Gobiidae)