Metadata

Troglonectes lingyunensis

(Liao, Wang and Luo 1997) Kottelat 2012

ORDERSUB-ORDERFAMILY
CypriniformesCobitoidei Nemacheilidae

Synonyms

Schistura lingyunensis  Liao, Wang and Luo 1997

Country

China

Distribution

Known only from the type locality: Shadong Cave, Lingyun County, Guangxi, China (24o20’N, 106o32’E). This species coexists at the type locality with Sinocyclocheilus lingyunensis and Sinocyclocheilus microphthalmus. This in one of only two known instances where three troglobitic fishes are found together, the other being Garra typhlops, Garra lorestanensis and Eidinemacheilius smithi in Iran.

Systematics

There are 19 described species in the genus Troglonectes (Eschmeyer 2022), all expect one are hypogean fishes with reduced eyes, reduced pigment and reduced scales. The only epigean member of the genus is Troglonectes hechiensis Zhao, Liu, Du and Luo 2021. The epigean species is a member of a monophyletic group which also contains T. furcocaudalis, T. daqikongensis, T. jiarongensis and T. shuilongensis (Zhao, Liu, Du and Luo 2021).

Biological Notes

Shadong Cave also contains a very troglomorphic crustacean Macrobrachium lingyunense Li, Cai and Clarke, 2006 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae) (Pan, Hou and Li 2010).

Conservation Status

[NE]

Key References

Liao, J..W., Wang, D. and Luo, Z. Journal Article 1997 A new species and a new subspecies of Schistura from Guangxi and Guizhou, China (Cypriniformes: Cobitidae: Moemacheilinae)
Li, J., Cai, Y. and Clarke, A. Journal Article 2006 A new species of troglobitic freshwater prawn of the genus Macrobrachium from southern China (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae)
Pan, Y., Hou, Z. and Li, S. Journal Article 2010 Description of a new Macrobrachium species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonidae) from a cave in Guangxi, with a synopsis of the stygobiotic Decapoda in China.
Kottelat, M. Journal Article 2012 Conspectus cobitidum: An inventory of the loaches of the world (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei)
Wang, Y., Shen, Y., Feng, C., Zhao, K., Song, Z., Zhang, Y., Yang, L. and He, S. Journal Article 2016 Mitogenomic perspectives on the origin of Tibetan loaches and their adaptation to high altitude
Li, J.X. Wang, Y., Jina H.F.,Li, W.J., Yan, C.C., Yan, P.F., Zhang, X.Y., He, S.P. and Song, Z.B. Journal Article 2017 Identification of Triplophysa species from the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) and its adjacent regions through DNA barcodes
Wu, W.J., He, A.Y., Yang, J.X. and Du, L.N. Journal Article 2018 Description of a new species of Triplophysa (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae) from Guizhou Province, China
Zhang, Y., Wang, Z., Zhang, Z., Wu, M.. Chen, J. and Zhao, Y. Journal Article 2018 The complete mitochondrial genome of Triplophysa brevibarba with phylogenetic consideration
Yang, X., Liu, H., Ma, Z., Zou, Y., Zou, M., Mao, Y., Li, X., Wang, H., Chen, T.,Wang, W. and Yang, R. Journal Article 2019 Chromosome‐level genome assembly of Triplophysa tibetana, a fish adapted to the harsh high‐altitude environment of the Tibetan Plateau
Zhao, L.-X., Liu, J.-H., Du, L.N. and Luo, F.G. Journal Article 2021 A new loach species of Troglonectes (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae) from Guangxi, China