Schistura sijuensis

(Menon, 1987) Kottelat 1990

Schistura sijuensis
Redrawn by Rhian Kendall from Hora (1924)
CypriniformesCobitoidei Nemacheilidae


Noemacheilus sijuensis  Menon 1987

Nemachilus sp.  Hora 1924

Nemachilus beavani  Gunther 1868 (by Hora 1935)

Noemacheilus multimexicanus  Day, 1878 (by Pillai and Yazdani 1977)




Holotype: SRS/ZSI F570 51.5mm SL. Paratypes : SRS/ZSI F571 25.0mm ‑ 41.5mm SL (14 specimens).


Type locality: Siju Cave, Garo Hills, Meghalaya, India (25o21'02”N, 90o41'04”E). Recorded also in an epigean habitat: Pathar Syllang Stream, Mawsyiar Village, West Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya, India (25o33’44.2”N, 91o17’42.3”E) (Khynriam and Sen 2014:26).


A detailed description with survey is provided by Brooks and Smart (1995).


Listed as Noemacheilus Mesonoemacheilus sijuensis on the plate caption in Menon (1987). It is not certain that the epigean specimens collected in Pathar Syllang Stream, some distance from the type locality, are in fact this species.

Conservation Status

TLO [EN B1ab(iii):3.1:2010]

(Vishwanath, W. 2010. Schistura sijuensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: Downloaded on 14 July 2017). This species is only found in a single location, the Siju cave of Garo Hills, Meghalaya, which has an area of approximately 400 km². Several threats, such as mining, quarrying and deforestation, are destroying this species' habitat. It is therefore assessed as Endangered. R (IUCN 1990), R (IUCN 1993), VU D2 (IUCN 1996, 2000).

Museum Holdings

Other material at ZSI, including V/F/ERS/ZSI/3186 (5 specimens) (Khynriam and Sen 2014:26).

Key References

Kemp, S. and Chopra, B. Journal Article 1924 The Siju Cave, Garo Hills, Assam
Hora, S. L. Journal Article 1924 Fishes of the Siju Cave, Garo Hills, Assam
Pillai, R. S. and Yazdani, G. M. Journal Article 1977 Ichthyo-fauna of the Garo Hills, Meghalaya (India)
Menon, A. G. K. Book Section 1987 Noemacheilus sijuensis sp. nov
Kottelat, M. Journal Article 1990 New species and populations of cave nemacheilines in south and south-east Asia (Osteichthyes, Balitoridae)
Talwar, P. K. and Jhingran, A. G. Book Section 1992 Nemacheilus sijuensis (Menon)
Brooks, S. J. and Smart, C. M. Book 1995 Caving in the abode of the clouds. The caves and karst of Meghalaya, North East India
Kottelat, M. Journal Article 2012 Draconectes narinosus, a new genus and species of cave fish from an island of Halong Bay, Vietnam (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae).
Khynriam, D and Sen, N Journal Article 2014 Taxonomic Study on Nemacheiline Loaches of North East India