Metadata

Ophisternon infernale

(Hubbs 1938) Rosen and Greenwood 1976

Ophisternon infernale
Redrawn by Rhian Kendall from Chumba-Segura (1984)
ORDERSUB-ORDERFAMILY
SynbranchiformesSynbranchoideiSynbranchidae

Synonyms

Pluto infernalis  Hubbs 1938 [Generic name preoccupied in Hymenoptera]

Furmastix infernalis  (Hubbs 1938) Whitley 1957

Synbranchus infernalis  (Hubbs 1938) Mees 1962

Furmastix was incorrectly spelt Furmastik by De Buen (1972).

Country

México

Types

Holotype: UMMZ 116093 325mm TL. No other types were assigned.  This species is the type species by original designation and monotypy of the genus Pluto Hubbs 1938 and by subsequent designation of Whitley (1957:67) of the genus Furmastix.

Distribution

Type locality: Cenote de Hoctun, at Hoctun, between Merida and Chichen Itza, Yucatan, México. Known also from three other caves in the same area: Grutas de Balankanche, Cenote de Pochote, and Grutas de Tzab‑Nah (20-21oN, 88-90oW). In all of these caves this species coexists with Typhlias pearsei. Possibly present in Actun Ha and Cenote de Santo Domingo, Quintana Roo, Mexico (Information from Reddell 1981:246‑247).

Habitat

At least four species of troglobitic shrimps, Typhlatya mitchelli, T. campecheae, T. pearsei (Crustacea, Decapoda, Atyidae) and Creaseria morleyi (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae) inhabit the subterranean waters of Yucatan (Hobbs and Hobbs 1976, Holthuis 1977) and these may form part of the food supply of the cave fishes. Reddell (1981) records other aquatic fauna from this area.

Systematics

Hubbs (1938:291‑292) erected the genus Pluto for this species but stated that it was very close to Synbranchus. Whitley (1957:67) pointed out that the generic name Pluto Hubbs 1938 was preoccupied by Pluto Pate 1937 (Insecta: Hymenoptera) and provided Furmastix as a replacement. Mees (1962:31‑32) argued that since the only differences between Pluto (=Furmastix) and Synbranchus were those associated with a hypogean life the species should be considered a member of the latter genus. Rosen and Greenwood (1976) conducted a thorough cladistic analysis of all Synbranchiform fishes and placed this species in Ophisternon (with five other species, including the stygobitic Ophisternon candidum) on the basis of three synapomorphies.

Conservation Status

[EN A1ac+2c,B1+2c:2.3:1996]

(Contreras-Balderas, S. and Almada-Villela, P. 1996. Ophisternon infernale. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1996: http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.1996.RLTS.T15387A4556372.en. Downloaded on 06 July 2017). E (Williams et al. 1989), E (IUCN 1990, 1993). The groundwater beneath Merida, one of the largest cities in Yucatan, is contaminated with bacteria from human effluent (Cruickshank, Maguirre, Kraemer and Craviota 1980) and it seems likely that this situation will pertain elsewhere on the peninsula. The same authors report the construction of disposal facilities intended to reduce the contamination. Whether these facilities can keep up with the human population growth remains to be seen. A more recent study of the water supply of Yucatan has been made by Brenner, Medina Gonzalez and Zetina Moguel (1995). See also Medina Gonzalez, Proudlove Chumba-Segura and Iliffe (2001).

Museum Holdings

As above plus: UMMZ M74‑20, AMNH 32405 (Rosen and Greenwood 1976).

Internet Resources

Ophisternon infernale in its natural habitat.

Key References

The paper by Angyal et al. (2020) contains a great deal of information on the invertebrate fauna of Cenotes in Yucatan. It has an extensive reference list that is highly relevant for any studies of the fishes. The references are not included in the subterranean fish bibliography but should be consulted by anyone following up the biology of Ophisternon infernale and/or Typhlias pearsei.

Pearse, A.S., Creaser, E.P. and Hall, F.G. Book 1936 The cenotes of Yucatan: A zoological and hydrographic survey
Pearse, A.S. Journal Article 1936 Parasites from Yucatan
Creaser, E.P. Book Section 1936 Crustaceans from Yucatan
Hubbs, C. L. Book Section 1936 Fishes of the Yucatan Peninsula
Hubbs, C.L. Book Section 1938 Fishes from the caves of Yucatan
Chitwood, B.G. Journal Article 1938 Some nematodes from the caves of Yucatan
Miller, R. R. Journal Article 1966 Geographical distribution of central American freshwater fishes
Parzefall, J. and Wilkens, H. Journal Article 1972 Artbildung bei Hohlenfischen. Vergleichende Untersuchungen an zwei amerikanischen Synbranchiden
Wilkens, H. Journal Article 1973 Uber das phylogenetische Alter von Hohlentieren. Untersuchungen uber die cavernicol Susswasserfauna Yukatans
Hobbs, H.H. I.I I. and Hobbs, H H. Jr Journal Article 1976 On the troglobitic shrimps of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico (Decapoda: Atyidae and Paleamonidae)
Rosen, D. E. and Greenwood, P. H. Journal Article 1976 A fourth neotropical species of synbranchid eel and the phylogeny and systematics of synbranchiform fishes
Reddell, J. R. Journal Article 1977 A preliminary survey of the caves of the Yucatan peninsula
Reddell, J. R. Journal Article 1977 Studies on the caves and cave fauna of the Yucatan Peninsula
Hobbs, H.H. Jr., Hobbs, H.H. III and Daniel, M.A. Journal Article 1977 A review of the troglobitic decapod crustaceans of the Americas
Wilkens, H. Journal Article 1979 Reductionsgrad und phylogenetisches Alter: Ein Beitrag zur Besiedlungsgeschichte der Limnofauna Yukatans
Reddell, J. R. Journal Article 1979 Zoogeography of the cave fauna of the Yucatan peninsula
Cruickshank, G. G., Maguirre, J., Kraemer, D. M. and Craviota, E. G. Book Section 1980 Bacterial contamination of the limestone aquifer beneath Merida, Mexico
Reddell, J. R. Book 1981 A review of the cavernicole fauna of Mexico, Guatemala and Belize
Wilkens, H. Journal Article 1982 Regressive evolution and phylogenetic age: the history of colonisation of freshwaters of Yucatan by fish and crustacea
Chumba-Segura, L. Journal Article 1984 Synbranchidae: Ophisternon infernale
Wilkens, H. Journal Article 1986 The tempo of regressive evolution: Studies of the eye reduction in stygobiont fishes and decapod crustaceans of the Gulf Coast and Western Atlantic region
Navarro-Mendoza, M Report 1988 Inventario ictio y estudios ecologicos preliminares en los cuerpos de agua continentales en la Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an y areas circunvecinas en Quintana Roo, Mexico
Wilkens, H., Strecker, U. and Yager, J. Journal Article 1989 Eye reduction and phylogenetic age of ophidiiform cave fishes
Navarro-Medoza, M. and Valdes-Casillas, C. Book Section 1990 Peces cavernicolas de la Peninsula de Yucatan en peligro de extincion, con nuevos registros para Quintana Roo
Iliffe, T.M. Book Section 1992 An annotated list of the troglobitic anchialine and freshwater fauna od Quintana Roo
Iliffe, T. M. Book Section 1993 Fauna troglobia acuatica de la Peninsula de Yucatan
Moravec, F., Scholz, T. and Vivas-Rodriguez, C. Journal Article 1995 Phílometroides caudaıa sp. n. (Nematoda: Philometridae) from Rhamdia guatemalerısis (Pisces) in Yucatan, Mexico
Scholz, T., Vargas-Vazquez, J., Moravec, F. Vivas-Rodriguez, C. and Mendoza-Franco, E. Journal Article 1995 Cenotes (sinkholes) of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, as a habitat of adult trematodes of fish
Scholz, T., Vargas-Vazquez, J., Moravec, F. Vivas-Rodriguez, C. and Mendoza-Franco, E. Journal Article 1995 Metacercarial trematodes of fish from cenotes (sinkholes) of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
Moravec, F., Vivas-Rodriguez, C., Scholtz, T., Vargas-Vazquez, J., Mendoza-Franco, E., Schmitter-Soto, J. and Gonzalez-Solis, D. Journal Article 1995 Nematodes parasitic in fishes of cenotes (=sinkholes) of the peninsula of Yucatan, Mexico. Part 2. Larvae
Moravec, F, Vivas-Rodríguez, C., Scholz, T., Vargas-Vázquez, J., Mendoza-Franco, E. and González-Solís, D. Journal Article 1995 Nematodes parasitic in fishes of cenotes (= sinkholes) of the Peninsula of Yucatan, Mexico, Part 1. Adults
Moravec, F., González-Solís, D. and Vargas-Vázquez, J. Journal Article 1995 Paracapillaria rhamdiae sp. n. (Nematoda: Capillariidae) from Rhamdia guatemalensis (Pisces) in Yucatan, Mexico
Moravec, F., Scholz, T. and Vivas-Rodriguez, C. Journal Article 1995 Pseudocapillaria yucatanensis sp. n. (Nematoda: Capillariidae) from the bagre Rhamdia guatemalensis (Pisces) from cenotes in Yucatan, Mexico
Scholz, T., Vargas-Vazquez, J. and Moravec, F. Journal Article 1996 Bothriocephalus pearsei n. sp. (Cestoda: Pseudophyllidea) from Cenote Fishes of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
Pohlman, J.W., Iliffe, T M. and Cifuentes, L A. Journal Article 1997 A stable isotope study of organic cycling and the ecology of an anchialine cave ecosystem
Moravec, F., Vargas-Vazquez, J. and Gonzalez-Solis, D. Journal Article 1999 Nematode parasites from the blind fish Ogilbia pearsei from the Nohoch system with remarks on Rhabdochona kidderi (Nematoda) from the fishes of Yucatan, Mexico
Medina Gonzalez, R., Proudlove, G.S., Chumba-Segura, L. and Iliffe, T. Journal Article 2001 Threatened fishes of the world: Ophisternon infernale (Hubbs, 1938) (Synbranchidae)
Schmitter-Soto J.J., Comin F.A., Escobar-Briones E., Herrera-Silveira J., Alcocer J., Suárez-Morales E., Elías-Gutiérrez M., Díaz-Arce V., Marín L.E. and Steinich Journal Article 2002 Hydrogeochemical and biological characteristics of cenotes in the Yucatan Peninsula (SE Mexico).
González, B.C., Worsaae, K. and Fontaneto, D. Journal Article 2002 Groundwater-flow modeling in the Yucatan karstic aquifer, Mexico
Perry, E., Velazquez-Oliman, G. and Marin, L. Journal Article 2002 The hydrogeochemistry of the karst aquifer system of the northern Yucatan peninsula, Mexico
Perry, E., Velazquez-Oliman, G. and Socki, R. Book Section 2003 Hydrogeology of the Yucatán Peninsula
Beddows, PA Journal Article 2003 Cave hydrology of the Caribbean Yucatan coast
Barona, A. and Espinasa, L. Journal Article 2004 Speciation in aquatic trogloxenes in cenotes
Perdices, A, Doadrio, I and Bermingham, E Journal Article 2005 Evolutionary history of the synbranchid eels (Teleostei: Synbranchidae) in Central America and the Caribbean islands inferred from their molecular phylogeny
Smart, P.L., Beddows, P.A., Coke, J., Doerr, S., Smith, S. and Whitaker, F.F. Book Section 2006 Cave development on the Caribbean coast of the Yucatan Peninsula, Quintana Roo, Mexico
Beddows, P.A., Smart, P.L., Whitaker, F.F. and Smith, S.L. Journal Article 2007 Decoupled fresh-saline groundwater circulation of a coastal carbonate aquifer: spatial patterns of temperature and specific electrical conductivity.
Hunter, RL, Webb, MS, Iliffe, TM and Alvarado Bremer, JR Journal Article 2008 Phylogeny and historical biogeography of the cave-adapted shrimp genus Typhlataya (Atyidae) in the Caribbean Sea and western Atlantic
Alvarez, F. and Iliffe, T.M. Book Section 2008 Fauna anquihalina de Yucatan
Botello, A. and Alvarez, F. Journal Article 2010 Genetic variation in the stygobitic shrimp Creaseria morleyi (Decapoda: Palaemonidae), evidence of bottlenecks and re-invasions in the Yucatan Peninsula
Bauer-Gottwein, P., Gondwe, B.R.N., Charver, G., Marin, L., Rebolledo-Vieyra, M. and Merediz-Alonso, G. Journal Article 2011 Review: the Yucatan Peninsula karst aquifer, Mexico
Neiber, M.T., Hansen, F.C., Iliffe, T.M., Gonzalez, B.C. and Koenemann S Journal Article 2012 Molecular taxonomy of Speleonectes fuchscockburni, a new pseudocryptic species of Remipedia (Crustacea) from an anchialine cave system on the Yucatán Peninsula, Quintana Roo, Mexico
Botello, A., Iliffe, T.M., Alvarez, F., Juan, C., Pons, J. and Jaume, D. Journal Article 2012 Historical biogeography and phylogeny of Typhlatya cave shrimps (Decapoda:Atyidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear data
Melo Zurita, M. de L. Thesis 2012 The underground forest frontier in Mexico's Quintana Roo competing discourse and materialities surrounding caves and cenotes
Von Rintelen, K. et al. Journal Article 2012 Drawn to the dark side: a molecular phylogeny of freshwater shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Atyidae) reveals frequent cave invasions and challenges current taxonomic hypotheses.
Gomez-Nicolas, M., Rebolledo-Vieyra, M., Huerta-Quintanilla, R. and Canto-Lugo, E. Conference Paper 2014 Connectivity among sinkholes and complex networks: The case of Ring of Cenotes in northwest Yucatan, Mexico
Havird, J.C. et al. Journal Article 2014 Taking their breath away: metabolic responses to low-oxygen levels in anchialine shrimps (Crustacea: Atyidae and Alpheidae)
Palacios-Vargas, J.G., Juberthie, C. and Reddell, J. Book 2014-2015 Encyclopaedia Biospeologica Mexico
Moseley, G.E., Richards, D.A., Smart, P.L., Standish, C.D., Hoffmann, D.L., ten Hove, H. and Vinn, O. Journal Article 2015 Early–middle Holocene relative sea-level oscillation events recorded in a submerged speleothem from the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico
Alvarez, F., Iliffe, T.M., Benitez, S., Brankovits, D. and Villalobos, J.L. Journal Article 2015 New records of anchialine fauna from the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
Rubio, F., Rolan, E., Worsaae, K., Martınez, A. and Gonzalez, B.C. Journal Article 2015 Description of the first anchialine gastropod from a Yucatan cenote, Teinostoma brankovitsi n. sp. (Caenogastropoda: Tornidae), including an emended generic diagnosis.
Chavez-Solis, E.M. Thesis 2015 Aspectos ecológicos y etológicos de decápodos estigobios (Creaseria morleyi y Typhlatya spp.) En cenotes de Yucatán: utilización espacio- temporal, cambios anuales y relaciones interespecíficas
Kane, K. Thesis 2016 Impacts of tourism on water quality in Quintana Roo, Mexico
Navarro-Mendoza, M. and Schmitter-Soto, J.J. Book Section 2016 Ophisternon infernale. Anguila ciega yucateca, Blind Swamp Eel
Kambesis, P.N. and Coke, J.G. Journal Article 2016 The Sac Actun System, Quintana Roo, Mexico.
Brankovits, D., Pohlman, J., Niemann, H., Leigh, M., Leewis, M.C., Becker, K., Iliffe, T.M., Alvarez, F., Lehmann, M. and Phillips, B. Journal Article 2017 Methane- and dissolved organic carbon- fueled microbial loop supports a tropical subterranean estuary ecosystem
Deng, Y., Young, C., Fu, X., Song, J. and Peng, Z.R. Journal Article 2017 The integrated impacts of human activities and rising sea level on the saltwater intrusion in the east coast of the Yucatan Peninsula
Olesen, J., Meland, K., Glenner, H., Van Hengstum, P.J. and Iliffe, T.M. Journal Article 2017 Xibalbanus cozumelensis, a new species of Remipedia (Crustacea) from Cozumel, Mexico, and a molecular phylogeny of Xibalbanus on the Yucatan Peninsula
Jurado-Rivera, J.A. Journal Article 2017 Phylogenetic evidence that both ancient vicariance and dispersal have contributed to the biogeographic patterns of anchialine cave shrimps
Calderon-Gutierrez, F., Solis-Marin, F.A., Gomez, P., Sanchez, C., Hernandez-Alcantara, P., Alvarez-Noguera, F. and Yanez-Mendoza, G. Journal Article 2017 Mexican anchialine fauna - with emphasis in the high biodiversity cave El Aerolito
Cervantes-Martínez, A., Gutiérrez-Aguirre, M.A., Elías-Gutiérrez, M., Arce-Ibarra, A.M. and García-Morales, A. Journal Article 2018 Aquatic biodiversity in cenotes from the Yucatan
Saint-Loup, R., Felix, T., Maqueda, A., Schiller, A. and Renard, P. Journal Article 2018 A survey of groundwater quality in Tulum region, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
Calderón-Gutiérrez, F., Sánchez-Ortiz, C. A. and Huato-Soberanis, L. Journal Article 2018 Ecological patterns in anchialine caves
Chávez-Solís, E.M., Mejía-Ortíz, L.M. and Simões, N. Journal Article 2018 Predatory behavior of the cave shrimp Creaseria morleyi (Creaser, 1936) (Caridea: Palaemonidae), the blind hunter of the Yucatán cenotes, Mexico
Melo Zurita, M. de L. Journal Article 2019 Holes, subterranean exploration and affect in the Yucatan Peninsula
Adams, R.E., Iliffe. T.M. and West, J.B. Journal Article 2019 Identifying tree roots in the caves of Quintana Roo, Mexico as a step toward ecological insights and improved conservation
Ditter, R.E., Erdman, R.B., Goebel, A.M. and Bracken-Grissom, H.D. Journal Article 2019 Widespread phenotypic hypervariation in the enigmatic anchialine shrimp Barbouria cubensis (Decapoda: Barbouriidae)
Ditter, R.E., Snyder, A.P., Schulman, S.E. and Bracken-Grissom, H.D. Journal Article 2019 Notes on the behavior and first records of three enigmatic anchialine shrimps (Decapoda: Caridea: Barbouriidae, Palaemonidae) in the Bahamas
Arroyave, J. Web Page 2019 Rhamdia guatemalensis
Grego, J., Angyal, D. and Beltrán, L.A.L. Journal Article 2019 First record of subterranean freshwater gastropods (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Cochliopidae) from the cenotes of Yucatán state
Espinasa, L., Chávez Solís, E.M., Mascaró, M., Rosas, D., Simoes, N. and Violette, G. Journal Article 2019 A new locality and phylogeny of the stygobitic Typhlatya shrimps for the Yucatan Peninsula
Coke, J.G. Book Section 2019 Underwater caves of the Yucatan Peninsula
Fragoso-Servón, P., Pereira-Corona, A. and Bautista, F. Journal Article 2019 The karst and its neighbors: Digital map of geomorphic environments in Quintana Roo, Mexico
Benítez, S., Iliffe, T.M., Quiroz-Martínez, B. and Alvarez, F. Journal Article 2019 How is the anchialine fauna distributed within a cave? A study of the Ox Bel Ha System, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
Hendus, B., Medina-González, R., Sélem-Salas, C. and Vanschoenwinkel, B. Journal Article 2019 Explaining diversity patterns in dark waters – a study of aquatic caves in Yucatán, Mexico
McNeill-Jewer, C.A., Reinhardt, E.G., Collins, S., Kovacs, S., Chan, W.M., Devos and LeMaillot, F.C. Journal Article 2019 The effect of seasonal rainfall on nutrient input and biological productivity in the Yax Chen cave system (Ox Bel Ha), Mexico, and implications for μXRF core studies of paleohydrology
Angyal, D., Chávez-Solís, E.M., Liévano-Beltrán, L.A., Magaña, B., Simoes, N. and Mascaró, M. Journal Article 2020 New distribution records of subterranean crustaceans from cenotes in Yucatan (Mexico)
McNeill-Jewer, C.A. Thesis 2020 Development and application of µXRF-CS Cl as a proxy for Holocene drought and hurricane conditions in the Yucatan Aquifer, Mexico
Quintana Roo Speleological Survey Web Page 2020 Quintana Roo Speleological Survey
Ditter, R.E., Mejía-Ortíz, L.M. and Bracken-Grissom, H.D. Journal Article 2020 Anchialine adjustments: an updated phylogeny and classification for the family Barbouriidae Christoffersen 1987 (Decapoda: Caridea)
Chávez‑Solís, E.M., Solís, C., Simões, N., and Mascaró, M. Journal Article 2020 Distribution patterns, carbon sources and niche partitioning in cave shrimps (Atyidae: Typhlatya)
Angyal, D., Simões, N. and Mascaró, M. Journal Article 2020 Uptaded checklist, historical overview and illustrated guide to the stygobiont Malacostraca (Arthropoda: Crustacea) species of Yucatan (Mexico)
Arroyave, J. Book Section 2020 The subterranean fishes of the Yucatan Peninsula
Arroyave, J., Martinez, C.M., Martínez-Oriol, F.H., Sosa, E. and Alter, S.E. Journal Article 2020 Regional-scale aquifer hydrogeology as a driver of phylogeographic structure in the Neotropical catfish Rhamdia guatemalensis (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae) from cenotes of the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico
Coutino, A., Stastna, M., and Reinhardt, E.G. Journal Article 2020 Interaction of mangrove surface coverage and groundwater inputs on the temperature and water level near Tulum, Quintana Roo, Mexico: Observations and modelling
Macario-González, L., Cohuo, S., Angyal, D., Pérez, L. and Mascaró, M. Journal Article 2021 Subterranean waters of Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico reveal epigean species dominance and intraspecific variability in freshwater Ostracodes (Crustacea: Ostracoda)
Liévano-Beltrán, L.A. and Simões, N. Journal Article 2021 Updated distribution of the mysid Antromysis cenotensis (Crustacea: Peracarida), a protected key species in Yucatan Peninsula cenotes
Coutino, A. Thesis 2021 Hydrodynamics of the Yucatan peninsula carbonate aquifer: surface flow, inland propagation and mixing
Coutino, A., Stastna, M., McNeill-Jewer, C.A., and Reinhardt, E.G. Journal Article submitted Inland tidal oscillations within the Yucatan Peninsula