Adams and Burr 2013
Cottus carolinae species group [Burr, Adams, Krejca and Warren 2001]
Holotype: SIUC 88001 ♂ 80.2mm SL. Paratypes: SIUC 88002 58.0mm SL and 60.6mm SL, USNM 409781 65.3mm SL and 86.7mm SL.
Hypogean populations have been found in seven large base level caves and six resurgenses in Perry County, Missouri, USA (37o35’N, 90o05’W). These are in two separate karst basins. The extensive Mystery Cave may contain up to 2000 individuals (Burr, Adams, Krejca, Paul and Warren 2001).
|Location||Type of site|
|Tom Moore Cave||Cave|
|Running Bull Cave||Cave|
|Rimstone River Cave||Cave|
|Cinque Hommes Creek||Resurgence|
|Details from Day et al. (2014)|
Grotto Sculpin live in running water in base level streams. They are found in pools and riffles and over a variety of substrates (Burr, Adams, Krejca, Paul and Warren 2001).
There are remarkable differences between Grotto Sculpin and surface C. carolinea. They show apparent cave modifications including: reduced pigment, reduced eye size, reduced number of pelvic fin rays, a gap between the dorsal fins, a modified cephalic lateral line system and a longer caudal peduncle. Burr, Warren and Paul (1992), Paul, Burr and Warren (1993) and Burr, Adams, Krejca, Paul and Warren (2001) analysed 10 meristic and 28 morphometric variables in epigean and hypogean specimens. A Principal Component Analysis showed there to be a total separation of the epi- and hypogean populations in eye length vs. standard length, pelvic fin ray number and details of the cephalic lateral line system. It seems possible that this is an example of a troglophile/troglobite transition.
SIUC 19279 (20, 66–103 mm SL) Cinque Hommes Creek, 1992.
SIUC 18916 (3) Sculpin Stream, Mystery Cave, 21 April 1991.
SIUC 19904 (3) Mystery Cave, 7 March 1992.
SIUC 18923 (20, 52–80 mm SL), Mystery Cave, 1 October 1991.
SIUC 21258 (4, 57–88 mm SL) Hot Caverns, 4 October 1992.
SIUC 19839 (23, 51–95 mm SL) Flaming River Cave, 3 July 1992.
SIUC 21260 (8, 34–56 mm SL) Running Bull Cave, 25 October 1992.
SIUC 20916 (9, 31–80 mm SL) Tom Moore Cave, 25 October 1992.
- Robins, C.R. (1954)
- Williams, J. D. and Howell, W. M. (1979)
- Burr, B. M., Warren, M. L. and Paul, R. J. (1992)
- Paul, R. J., Burr, B. M. and Warren, M. L. (1993)
- Krejca, J., Burr, B. M., Warren, M. L. and Paul, R. J. (1994)
- Krejca, J. K., Burr, B. M., Paul, R. J. and Warren, M. L. (1994)
- Burr, B. M., Adams, G. L., Krejca, J., Paul, R. J. and Warren, M. L. (2001)
- Coombs, S, Braun, CB and Donovan, B (2001)
- Kanter, MJ and Coombs, S (2003)
- Adams, G (2005)
- Kinziger, AP, Wood, RM and Neely, DA (2005)
- Robins, CR (2005)
- Niemiller, ML, Glorioso, BM and Miller, BT (2006)
- Kerfoot, JR and Schaefer, JF (2006)
- Kinziger, AP, Goodman, DH and Studebaker, RS (2007)
- Aley, T, Aley, C, Moss, P and Hertzler, T (2008)
- Johnson, CR, Day, JL and Adams, G (2008)
- Gerken, JE and Adams, G (2008)
- Day, JL, Johnson, CR, Gerken, JE and Adams, G (2008)
- Adams, G, Burr, BM, Day, J. and Starkey, David E. (2013)
- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (2013)
- Moss, P (2013)
- Day, J., Starkey, David E. and Gerken, J. E. (2014)
- Day, J., Gerken, J. E. and Adams, G (2014)
- Day, J, Starkey, DE, Adams, G, Brummett, S and Keeney, D (2014)
- Fernholz, J and Phelps, QE (2016)
- Ruppert, JLW, James, PMA, Taylor, EB, Rudlofsem, T, Veillard, M, Davis, CS, Watkinson, D and Poesch, MS (2017)
- Gebhard, A.E and Perkin, J.S. (2017)
- Baek, S.Y., Kang, J.H., Jo, S.H., Jang, J.E., Byeon, S.Y., Wang, J.H., Lee, H.G., Choi, J.K. and Lee, H.J. (2018)
|Robins, C.R.||Thesis||1954||A taxonomic revision of the Cottus bairdi and Cottus carolinae species group in eastern North American (Pisces, Cottidae)|
|Williams, J. D. and Howell, W. M.||Journal Article||1979||An albino sculpin from a cave in the New River drainage of West Virginia (Pisces: Cottidae)|
|Burr, B. M., Warren, M. L. and Paul, R. J.||Journal Article||1992||Cavernicolous sculpins of the Cottus carolinae species group from Mystery Cave, Missouri|
|Paul, R. J., Burr, B. M. and Warren, M. L.||Journal Article||1993||Cavernicolous sculpins of the Cottus carolinae species group from Perry County, Missouri: Cave-life phenomena or speciation ?|
|Krejca, J., Burr, B. M., Warren, M. L. and Paul, R. J.||Journal Article||1994||Cavernicolous sculpins of the Cottus carolinae species group (Pisces, Cottidae) from Perry County, Missouri|
|Krejca, J. K., Burr, B. M., Paul, R. J. and Warren, M. L.||Journal Article||1994||Cavernicolous sculpins of the Cottus carolinae species group (Pisces: Cottidae) from Perry County, Missouri|
|Burr, B. M., Adams, G. L., Krejca, J., Paul, R. J. and Warren, M. L.||Journal Article||2001||Troglomorphic sculpins of the Cottus carolinae species group in Perry County, Missouri: Distribution, external morphology and conservation status|
|Coombs, S, Braun, CB and Donovan, B||Journal Article||2001||The orienting response of Lake Michigan mottled sculpin is mediated by canal neuromasts.|
|Kanter, MJ and Coombs, S||Journal Article||2003||Rheotaxis and prey detection in uniform currents by Lake Michigan mottled sculpin (Cottus bairdi)|
|Adams, G||Thesis||2005||Morphology, genetics and physiology of a troglomorphic sculpin, Cottus carolinae|
|Kinziger, AP, Wood, RM and Neely, DA||Journal Article||2005||Molecular systematics of the genus Cottus (Scorpaeniformes: Cottidae)|
|Robins, CR||Journal Article||2005||Cottus kanawhae, a new cottid fish from the New River System of Virginia and West Virginia|
|Niemiller, ML, Glorioso, BM and Miller, BT||Journal Article||2006||An eastern and subterranean maximum size record of the banded sculpin, Cottus carolinae, from Tennessee|
|Kerfoot, JR and Schaefer, JF||Journal Article||2006||Ecomorphology and habitat utilization of Cottus species|
|Kinziger, AP, Goodman, DH and Studebaker, RS||Journal Article||2007||Mitochondrial DNA variation in the Ozark Highland members of the Banded Sculpin Cottus carolinae complex|
|Aley, T, Aley, C, Moss, P and Hertzler, T||Journal Article||2008||Hydrogeological characteristics of delineated recharge areas for 40 biologically significant cave and spring systems in Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma and Illinois|
|Johnson, CR, Day, JL and Adams, G||Journal Article||2008||Life history characteristics of Grotto Sculpin (Cottus carolinae) in cave and surface streams of Perry County, Missouri|
|Gerken, JE and Adams, G||Journal Article||2008||Habitat use by Grotto Sculpin (Cottus carolinae), a troglomorphic fish in Perry County, Missouri|
|Day, JL, Johnson, CR, Gerken, JE and Adams, G||Journal Article||2008||Population ecology of Grotto Sculpin (Cottus carolinae) in cave and resurgence streams|
|Adams, G, Burr, BM, Day, J. and Starkey, David E.||Journal Article||2013||Cottus specus, a new troglomophic species of Sculpin (Cottidae) from southeastern Missouri|
|U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service||Report||2013||Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants: Determination of endangered species status for the Grotto Sculpin (Cottus specus) throughout its range|
|Moss, P||Journal Article||2013||Recharge area delineations and hazard and vulnerability mapping in Perry County, Missouri|
|Day, J., Starkey, David E. and Gerken, J. E.||Journal Article||2014||Prevalence of parasitism in the Grotto Sculpin (Cottus specus), a new species of cave-adapted fish from southeastern Missouri, USA|
|Day, J., Gerken, J. E. and Adams, G||Journal Article||2014||Population ecology and seasonal demography of endangered grotto sculpin (Cottus specus)|
|Day, J, Starkey, DE, Adams, G, Brummett, S and Keeney, D||Journal Article||2014||Population genetics of grotto sculpin (Cottus specus), a new cave-adapted fish species|
|Fernholz, J and Phelps, QE||Journal Article||2016||Influence of PIT tags on growth and survival of Banded Sculpin (Cottus carolinae): Implications for endangered Grotto Sculpin (Cottus specus)|
|Ruppert, JLW, James, PMA, Taylor, EB, Rudlofsem, T, Veillard, M, Davis, CS, Watkinson, D and Poesch, MS||Journal Article||2017||Riverscape genetic structure of a threatened and dispersal limited freshwater species, the Rocky Mountain Sculpin (Cottus sp.)|
|Gebhard, A.E and Perkin, J.S.||Journal Article||2017||Assessing riverscape-scale variation in fish life history using banded sculpin (Cottus carolinae)|
|Baek, S.Y., Kang, J.H., Jo, S.H., Jang, J.E., Byeon, S.Y., Wang, J.H., Lee, H.G., Choi, J.K. and Lee, H.J.||Journal Article||2018||Contrasting life histories contribute to divergent patterns of genetic diversity and population connectivity in freshwater sculpin fishes|