Report

Protecting our water to protect our community

Perry County Community Economic and Environment Committee

Record Number:
5200
Year:
2013
Pages:
128 pages
Abstract:
The grotto sculpin (Cottus specus) is a cave-dwelling fish that exhibits characteristics typical of troglomorphic (adapted to living in constant darkness) organisms, including greatly reduced or absent eyes and skin pigmentation (Burr et al. 2001). The grotto sculpin is currently found in two karst areas (limestone regions characterized by sink holes, abrupt ridges, caves, and underground streams) in Perry County, Missouri: Central Perryville and Mystery-Rimstone (Burr et al. 2001). The grotto sculpin occurs in Blue Spring Branch (from the Moore Cave System resurgence to the confluence with Bois Brule Creek) and the Cinque Hommes Creek drainage, including underlying caves, and Cinque Hommes Creek, its tributaries, resurgences, and springs. Within the Cinque Hommes Creek drainage, populations have been documented in five cave systems: Moore Cave, Crevice Cave, Mystery Cave, Rimstone River Cave, and Running Bull Cave (Adams et al. unpub. data; Adams 2012, pers. comm.). Within these cave systems, grotto sculpin occur in cave streams and associated resurgences and springs. Thus far Cinque Hommes Creek and Blue Spring Branch are the only surface streams where grotto sculpin have been found. Cinque Hommes Creek is the primary resurgence stream for caves in the Mystery-Rimstone Karst and Crevice Cave in the Central Perryville Karst, whereas Blue Spring Branch is the resurgence stream for the Moore Cave System (Burr et al. 2001). (Courtesy US Fish and Wildlife) The grotto sculpin requires karst habitats that provide consistent water flow, high organic input, and connection to surface streams, which allow for seasonal migrations to complete its life cycle. The karst 4 topography in Perry County is characterized by thousands of sinkholes (Vandike 1985) and over 700 caves (Fox et al. 2009)—more than any other county in Missouri. Water flow in karst systems occurs by way of surface features, such as sinkholes and losing streams, as well as connectivity to the underlying aquifer.
Times Cited:
1
Related Records:
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House, S. (1976)
Karst and cave distribution in Perry County
Peck, S.B. and Lewis, J.J. (1977)
Zoogeography and evolution of the subterranean invertebrate faunas of Illinois and southestern Missouri
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An albino sculpin from a cave in the New River drainage of West Virginia (Pisces: Cottidae)
Vandike, J.E. (1985)
Movement of shallow groundwater in the Perryville karst area, Southeastern Missouri
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Invertebrate fauna from Missouri caves and springs
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Mystery Cave
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Rimstone River Cave
Burr, B.M., Warren, M.L. and Paul, R.J. (1992)
Cavernicolous sculpins of the Cottus carolinae species group from Mystery Cave, Missouri
Paul, R.J., Burr, B.M. and Warren, M.L. (1993)
Cavernicolous sculpins of the Cottus carolinae species group from Perry County, Missouri: Cave-life phenomena or speciation ?
Krejca, J. (1994)
Field research to determine the distribution of a cave-adapted Sculpin (Osteichthyes: Cottidae)
Paul, R.J. (1994)
Aspects of cave adaptation in sculpins of the Cottus carolinae species group (Cottidae) in Perry County, Missouri
Krejca, J., Burr, B.M., Warren, M.L. and Paul, R.J. (1994)
Cavernicolous sculpins of the Cottus carolinae species group (Pisces, Cottidae) from Perry County, Missouri
Krejca, J.K., Burr, B.M., Paul, R.J. and Warren, M.L. (1994)
Cavernicolous sculpins of the Cottus carolinae species group (Pisces: Cottidae) from Perry County, Missouri
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Coombs, S. (1999)
Signal detection theory, lateral‐line excitation patterns and prey capture behaviour of mottled sculpin
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Hydrodynamic image formation by the peripheral lateral line system of the Lake Michigan mottled sculpin, Cottus bairdi.
Burr, B.M., Adams, G.L., Krejca, J., Paul, R.J. and Warren, M.L. (2001)
Troglomorphic sculpins of the Cottus carolinae species group in Perry County, Missouri: Distribution, external morphology and conservation status
Coombs, S., Braun, C.B. and Donovan, B. (2001)
The orienting response of Lake Michigan mottled sculpin is mediated by canal neuromasts.
Adams, G. and Burr, B.M (2001)
Troglomorphic Banded Sculpin (Cottus Carolinae) in Perry County, Missouri: Morphological variation and conservation status
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Population ecology of the Grotto Sculpin, Cottus carolinae, in Perry County, Missouri
Johnson, C.R., Day, J.L. and Adams, G. (2008)
Life history characteristics of Grotto Sculpin (Cottus carolinae) in cave and surface streams of Perry County, Missouri
Gerken, J.E. and Adams, G. (2008)
Habitat use by Grotto Sculpin (Cottus carolinae), a troglomorphic fish in Perry County, Missouri
Day, J.L., Johnson, C.R., Gerken, J.E. and Adams, G. (2008)
Population ecology of Grotto Sculpin (Cottus carolinae) in cave and resurgence streams
Aley, T., Aley, C., Moss, P. and Hertzler, T. (2008)
Hydrogeological characteristics of delineated recharge areas for 40 biologically significant cave and spring systems in Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma and Illinois
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U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service lists the Grotto Sculpin as endangered
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Cottus specus, a new troglomophic species of Sculpin (Cottidae) from southeastern Missouri
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Protecting our water to protect our community
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Recharge area delineations and hazard and vulnerability mapping in Perry County, Missouri
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Contrasting life histories contribute to divergent patterns of genetic diversity and population connectivity in freshwater sculpin fishes
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Establishing a sampling protocol and investigating the life history of the federally endangered Grotto Sculpin (Cottus specus) in the karst systems of Perry County, Missouri