Phreatobius sanguijuela

Fernandez, Saucedo, Carvajal and Schaefer 2007





Bolivia, Brazil


Holotype: UMSS 1785 42.1mm SL. Paratypes: MNKP 5373 27.8mm SL and 32.3mm SL.


Type locality: Artificial well, Comunidad de Porvenir, 13°59'14.44"S, 61°32'27.05"W, Río Iténez basin, Dept. Santa Cruz, Bolivia, elevation 172 meters. Known also from eight wells near São Francisco do Guaporé, Rondônia State, Brazil (Ohara, Dacosta and Fonseca 2016).


See discussion under P. cisternarum.

Conservation Status

MuG [CR B2ab(iii):3.1:2016]

(Sarmiento, J., Maldonado, M. & Carvajal, F. 2016. Phreatobius sanguijuela. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: Downloaded on 07 July 2017).

Museum Holdings

As above only.

Key References

de Pinna, M.C.C. Book Section 1998 Phylogenetic relationships of Neotropical Siluriformes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi): Historical overview and synthesis of hypotheses
Fernandez, L., Saucedo, L.J., Carvajal-Vallejos, F.M. and Schaefer, S.A. Journal Article 2007 A new catfish of the genus Phreatobius Goeldi 1905 from groundwaters of the Itenez River, Bolivia (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae)
Ohara, W.M., Da Costa, I.D. and Fonseca, M.L. Journal Article 2016 Behavioiur, feeding habits and ecology of the blind catfish Phreatobius sanguijuela (Ostariophysi: Siluriformes)
Trajano, E, Gallao, J.E and Bichuette, M. E. Journal Article 2016 Spots of high biodiversity of troglobites in Brazil: the challenge of measuring subterranean diversity
Gallão, J.E. and Bichuette M.E. Journal Article 2018 Brazilian obligatory subterranean fauna and threats to the hypogean environment
Liu, A. Schneider, P. and Taylor,J. Conference Paper 2019 Opsins in the dark. Characterising light sensitive genes in the Brazilian eyeless cavefish Phreatobius cisternrum