The fish was first seen and collected by members of the 1986 Crocodile Caves of Ankarana expedition (Wilson 1995, 1996). Deposited in the collection of the Natural History Musen London, it was described by Keith Banister. The name derived from the aea of Madagascar in wich the species was found. (Information from Berti and Messana 2010).
Holotype: BMNH 1994.12.1:1 51mm SL. Paratype: BMNH 1994.12.1:2 48mm SL.
Some fishes were seen in the flowing cave river while others were in pools above the dry season river level. In September the water temperature was 21oC. The food supply probably consists of a mixture of stygobitic and non-stygobitic Crustacea, and insects, detritus etc., brought in with the river and by lemurs, bats (Noroalintseheno Lalarivoniaina et al. 2019) and birds (Wilson 1996).
Glossogobius giuris is a widespread species in the area and is similar in morphology (Banister 1994). Doha (1974) gives details of the biology of this species. Wilson (1996) records that Glossogobius callidus is found in River Cave 2.
Kuang et al. (2018) used molecular markers to study the internal structure of the Suborder Gobioidei which contains within it eleven Families. They demonstrated that Milyeringidae is sister Family to a group of four Families: Oxudercidae+Gobiidae+Butidae+ Eleotridae and is only disttantly related to four others: Odontobutidae, Rhyacichthyidae, Apogonidae and Kurtidae (samples from Thalasseleotridae and Trichonotidae were not availabe for analysis).
(Sparks, J.S. 2016. Glossogobius ankaranensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T9267A58295968.en. Downloaded on 06 July 2017). CR B1+2c (IUCN 1996, 2000), VU D2:3.1:2004. The range of this cave-dwelling species falls entirely within the boundaries of Ankarana National Park. Its habitat is not subject to anthropogenic degradation and powerful "fady" (taboo) protects it from direct exploitation by the local populous. It currently has no exotic predators or competitors. The species is rarely collected given its isolated habitat, so further information is lacking. Surveys in recent years (2008, 2011) indicate that populations are relatively stable (J. Sparks pers. obs.). It is therefore assessed as Least Concern but the population should be monitored.
This species, and its undescribed congener Glossogobius sp., is found in Ecoregion 67 (Madagascar northwestern basins) of Thieme et al. (2005). This is an area of savana and dry forest rivers which is globally outstading faunistically with a conservation status of endangered and of Priority Class 1 (Sparks 2005).
As above plus: AMNH 245679, 1 ex., Napolean Cave, 2 km from American campground, Ankarana National Park, northern Madagascar, Mad-25-2008, P. Chakrabarty and S.B. Holtz, 20 June 2008. AMNH 245680, 1 ex., data as for AMNH 245679. AMNH 245681, 1 ex., data as for AMNH 245679. AMNH 245682, 1ex., data as for AMNH 245679. AMNH 245683, 1 ex., data as for AMNH 245679. AMNH 245684, 1 ex., data as for AMNH 245679. AMNH uncat., 6 ex., cave within Ankarana karst formation, Ankarana National Park, northern Madagascar, Mad 11-13, J.S. Sparks, R.C. Schelly, Z.H. Baldwin, and C.B. Braun, June 2011. AMNH uncat., 5 ex., cave within Ankarana karst formation, Ankarana National Park, northern Madagascar, Mad 11-20, J.S. Sparks, R.C. Schelly, Z.H. Baldwin, and C.B. Braun, June 2011. AMNH uncat., 2 ex., large, deep subterranean pool within Ankarana karst formation, Ankarana National Park, northern Madagascar, Mad 11-21, J.S. Sparks, R.C. Schelly, Z.H. Baldwin, and C.B. Braun, June 2011 (details from Sparks and Chakrabarty 2012).
- Doha, S. (1974)
- Hoese, D.F. (1983)
- Wilson, J.M. (1985)
- Walters, R. (1986)
- Wilson, J.M. (1987)
- Wilson, J.M. (1987)
- Wilson, J.M., Stewart, P.D. and Fowler, S.V. (1988)
- Fowler, S.V., Chapman, P., Checkley, D., Hurd, S., McHale, M., Ramangasan, G.S., Randraimasy, J.E., Stewart, P., Walters, R. and Wilson, J.M. (1989)
- Reinthal, P.N. and Stiassny, M.L.J. (1990)
- Glaw, F. and Vences, M. (1994)
- Banister, K.E. (1994)
- Wilson, J.M. (1995)
- Wilson, J.M. (1996)
- Rham P.H. de (1996)
- Juberthie, C. and Decu, V. (2001)
- Benstead, J.P., DeRham, P.H., Gattolliat, J.-L., Gibbon, F.M., Loiselle, P.V., Sartori, M., Sparks, J.S. and Stiassny, M.L.J. (2003)
- Thieme, M.L., Abell, R., Stiassny, M.L.J.,Skelton, P., Lehner, B., Teugels, G., Dinerstein, E., Kamdem-Toham, A., Burgess, B., and Olson, D. (2005)
- Sparks, J. (2005)
- Sparks, J.S. and Chakrabarty, P. (2012)
- Laumanns, M. (2017)
- Wang, P., Zhao, C., Fan, S., Yan, L. and Qiu, L. (2018)
- Kuang, T., Tornabene, L., Lia, J., Jiang, J., Chakrabarty, P., Sparks, J.S., Naylor, G.J.P. and Lia, C. (2018)
- Fricke, R.,Mahafina, J.J., Behivoke, F., Jaonalison, H. Leopold, M. and Ponton, D. (2018)
- Gilli, E. (2019)
- Noroalintseheno Lalarivoniaina, O.S., Rajemison, F.I., Ramanantsalama, R.V., Andrianarimisa, S. and Goodman, S.M. (2019)
- Ghosh, S.K. (2020)
|Doha, S.||Journal Article||1974||Investigation into the biology of the gobi (sic) Glossogobius giuris (Hamilton Buchanan) (Perciformes: Gobiidae)|
|Hoese, D.F.||Journal Article||1983||Sensory papilla patterns of the cheek lateralis system in the gobiid fishes Acentrogobius and Glossogobius, and their significance for the classification of gobioid fishes|
|Wilson, J.M.||Journal Article||1985||Ecology of the crocodile caves of Ankarana|
|Walters, R.||Journal Article||1986||The crocodile caves of Ankarana 1986|
|Wilson, J.M.||Journal Article||1987||The Crocodile caves of Ankarana, Madagascar|
|Wilson, J.M.||Journal Article||1987||The crocodile caves of Ankarana: Expedition to northern Madagascar 1986|
|Wilson, J.M., Stewart, P.D. and Fowler, S.V.||Journal Article||1988||Ankarana - a rediscovered nature reserve in northern Madagascar|
|Fowler, S.V., Chapman, P., Checkley, D., Hurd, S., McHale, M., Ramangasan, G.S., Randraimasy, J.E., Stewart, P., Walters, R. and Wilson, J.M.||Journal Article||1989||Survey and management proposals for a tropical deciduous forest reserve at Ankarana in northern Madagascar|
|Reinthal, P.N. and Stiassny, M.L.J.||Journal Article||1990||The freshwater fishes of Madagascar: A study of an endangered fauna with recommendations for a conservation strategy|
|Glaw, F. and Vences, M.||Book||1994||A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of Madagascar|
|Banister, K.E.||Journal Article||1994||Glossogobius ankaranensis, a new species of blind cave goby from Madagascar (Pisces, Gobioidei, Gobiidae)|
|Wilson, J.M.||Book||1995||Lemurs of the Lost World: Exploring the forests and crocodile caves of Madagascar|
|Wilson, J.M.||Journal Article||1996||Conservation and ecology of a new blind fish Glossogobius ankaranensis from the Ankarana Caves, Madagascar|
|Rham P.H. de||Conference Paper||1996||Poissons des eaux intérieures de Madagascar|
|Juberthie, C. and Decu, V.||Book Section||2001||Madagascar|
|Benstead, J.P., DeRham, P.H., Gattolliat, J.-L., Gibbon, F.M., Loiselle, P.V., Sartori, M., Sparks, J.S. and Stiassny, M.L.J.||Journal Article||2003||Conserving Madagascar's freshwater biodiversity.|
|Thieme, M.L., Abell, R., Stiassny, M.L.J.,Skelton, P., Lehner, B., Teugels, G., Dinerstein, E., Kamdem-Toham, A., Burgess, B., and Olson, D.||Book||2005||Freshwater ecoregions of Africa and Madagascar. A conservation assessment|
|Sparks, J.||Book Section||2005||Ecoregion 67. Madagascar northwestern basins|
|Sparks, J.S. and Chakrabarty, P.||Journal Article||2012||Revision of the endemic Malagasy cavefish genus Typhleotris (Teleostei: Gobiiformes: Milyeringidae) with discussion of its phylogenetic placement and description of a new species|
|Laumanns, M.||Journal Article||2017||Atlas of the great caves and the karst of Africa. Part 1. Introduction and Algeria to Madagascar|
|Wang, P., Zhao, C., Fan, S., Yan, L. and Qiu, L.||Journal Article||2018||Characterization and phylogenetic analysis of the complete mitochondrial genome of Glossogobius giuris (Perciformes: Gobiidae).|
|Kuang, T., Tornabene, L., Lia, J., Jiang, J., Chakrabarty, P., Sparks, J.S., Naylor, G.J.P. and Lia, C.||Journal Article||2018||Phylogenomic analysis on the exceptionally diverse fish clade Gobioidei (Actinopterygii: Gobiiformes) and data-filtering based on molecular clocklikeness|
|Fricke, R.,Mahafina, J.J., Behivoke, F., Jaonalison, H. Leopold, M. and Ponton, D.||Journal Article||2018||Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar, southwestern Indian Ocean, with 158 new records|
|Gilli, E.||Book||2019||The Ankarana Plateau in Madagascar Tsingy, Caves, Volcanoes and Sapphires|
|Noroalintseheno Lalarivoniaina, O.S., Rajemison, F.I., Ramanantsalama, R.V., Andrianarimisa, S. and Goodman, S.M.||Journal Article||2019||Population size and survival of the Malagasy fruit bat Rousettus madagascariensis (Pteropodidae) in Ankarana, northern Madagascar|
|Ghosh, S.K.||Journal Article||2020||Histoanatomy and surface ultrastructure of the olfactory organ of the freshwater tank goby, Glossogobius giuris (Hamilton, 1822)|