Journal Article

The impact of the proposed Eddie Frost Commerce Park on Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni, the Alabama cavefish, a federally endangered species restricted to Key Cave, Lauderdale County, Alabama

Kuhajda, B.R.

Record Number:
4971
Year:
2004
Journal:
Endangered Species Update
Pages:
57-xx
Volume:
21
Abstract:
The Alabama cavefish, Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni, is one on of the most endangered species of fish in the world due to its low population size, restriction to a single cave (Key Cave), and threats to the cave's recharge area. The recharge area has historically been altered by deforestation and reservoir construction. There is a proposal to construct the Eddie Frost Commerce Park west of Florence, Alabama within part of the recharge area of Key Cave. The construction of this industrial park will have negative affects on the Key Cave aquifer and S. poulsoni, including unsuccessful reproduction from changes to flood cycles within the aquifer, degradation of groundwater, drainage and hydrologic alterations, and lower ground water levels. Environmental pollution is a major threat to the Alabama cavefish, and this threat will be magnified with the proposed industrial park, any growth surrounding the park, and pollutants from adjoining roadways. Proposals to divert pollutants out of Key Cave's recharge area and into the Cypress Creek drainage are flawed; dye-tracing tests indicate that the surface drainage divide between the Key Cave and Cypress Creek aquifers are meaningless with regards to subsurface water flow. One acute pollution event, even if detected by proposed monitoring stations, could not be stopped from reaching Key Cave, and could lead to the death of Alabama cavefish. Even if users of the industrial park are restricted to "clean" industry, the proposed park will likely disturb the critical habitat of S. poulsoni and may cause its extinction.
Times Cited:
1
Related Records:
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Cooper, J. E. and Kuehne, R. A. (1974)
Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni, a new genus and species of subterranean fish from Alabama
Cooper, J.E. (1980)
Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni Cooper and Kuehne Alabama cavefish
Bechler, D. L. (1980)
The evolution of agonistic behaviour in amblyopsid fishes
Bechler, D. L. (1981)
Behavioral studies on the Amblyopsidae; the cave, spring and swamp fish
Bechler, D. L. (1981)
Agonistic behaviour in the Amblyopsidae; the cave, spring and swamp fishes
US Fish and Wildlife Service (1982)
Recovery plan dor the Alabama cavefish, Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni Cooper and Kuehne 1974
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (1982)
Gray bat recovery plan
Bechler, D. L. (1983)
The evolution of agonistic behaviour in Amblyopsid fishes
Cobb, R.M. (1985)
A reconnaissance of caves in Lauderdale and Colbert counties,Alabama for the Alabama cavefish Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni
Cobb, R.M. (1986)
An attempt to collect specimens of cavefish at three cave sites in northwest Alabama
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (1987)
Proposed rule to reclassify the Alabama cavefish (Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni), from threatened to endangered
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (1988)
Reclassification of the Alabama cavefish from threatened to endangered
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (1990)
Alabama cavefish, (Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni) Cooper and Kuehne, 1974 Recovery plan
Aley, T. (1990)
Delineation and hydrogeologic study of Key Cave aquifer, Lauderdale County, Alabama
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (1991)
Alabama cavefish (Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni)
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (1994)
Draft Environmental Assessment and Land Protection Plan. Proposed establishment of Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (1996)
Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (1996)
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Use of ground-water tracers to evaluate the hydraulic connection between Key Cave and the proposed industrial site near Florence, Alabama, 2000 and 2001
Kuhajda, B.R. and Mayden, R.L. (2001)
Status of the federally endangered Alabama cavefish, Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni (Amblyopsidae), in Key Cave and surrounding caves, Alabama
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The impact of the proposed Eddie Frost Commerce Park on Speoplatyrhinus poulsoni, the Alabama cavefish, a federally endangered species restricted to Key Cave, Lauderdale County, Alabama
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Armbruster, J., Niemiller, M.L. and Hart, P.B. (2016)
Morphological evolution of the cave-, spring-, and swampfishes of the Amblyopsidae
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Hydrogeological assessment of Key Cave, Lauderdale County, Alabama
Hart, P.B., Niemiller, M.L., Burress, E.D., Armbruster, J.W., Ludt, W.B. and Chakrabarty, P. (2020)
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Adams, G.L., Burr, B.M. and Warren, M.L. (2020)
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