Journal Article

Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study

Niemiller, Matthew L., Graening, Gary O., Fenolio, Dante B., Godwin, James C., Cooley, James R., Pearson, William D., Fitzpatrick, Benjamin M. and Near, Thomas J.

Record Number:
2568
Year:
2013
Journal:
Biodiversity and Conservation
Pages:
1799-1820
Volume:
22
Short Title:
Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study
Notes:
cavemander17@gmail.com
URL:
://ZOOREC:ZOOR14910048338
Accession Number:
Zoorec:Zoor14910048338
Language:
English
Issue:
8
Abstract:
The delimitation of cryptic species and lineages is a common finding of phylogenetic studies. Species previously considered to be of low conservation priority might actually be comprised of multiple lineages with substantially smaller geographic ranges and smaller populations that are of much greater conservation concern and that require different conservation strategies. Cryptic biodiversity is an especially common finding in phylogenetic studies of subterranean fauna; however, most cryptic lineages remain undescribed and have not been subjected to conservation assessments. As many subterranean species are of high conservation concern, the conservation assessment of cryptic lineages is important for developing effective conservation and management strategies. In particular, some lineages might be in need of immediate conservation action even before formal taxonomic description. Here we explore this issue by conducting IUCN Red List and NatureServe conservation assessments on recently discovered cryptic lineages of the southern cavefish (Typhlichthys subterraneus) species complex. We ascertained threats associated with extinction risk, identified priority lineages and populations for immediate conservation efforts, and identified knowledge gaps to expedite the development of conservation and management strategies before formal taxonomic description. Most cryptic lineages are at an elevated risk of extinction, including one lineage classified as "Critically Endangered." We identified ten threats impacting cavefish lineages that vary in both scope and severity, including groundwater pollution, hydrological changes from impoundments, and over-collection. Our threat assessments and recommendations can be used by stakeholders to prioritize effective and appropriate management initiatives aiding in the conservation of these lineages even before they are formally recognized.
Times Cited:
9
Author Address:
Usa
Related Records:
Charlton, H. H. (1933)
The optic tectum and its related fibre tracts in blind fishes. A. Troglichthys rosae and Typhlichthys eigenmanni
Parenti, LR (2006)
Typhlichthys eigenmanni Charlton, 1933, an available name for a blind cave fish (Teleostei: Amblyopsidae), differentiated on the basis of characters of the central nervous system
Niemiller, ML and Fitzpatrick, BM (2008)
Phylogenetics of the Southern cavefish, Typhlichthys subterraneus: Implications for conservation and management
Niemiller, ML and Fitzpatrick, BM (2008)
Phylogenetics of the Southern cavefish, Typhlichthys subterraneus: Implications for conservation and management
Niemiller, ML and Fitzpatrick, BM (2008)
Phylogenetics of the Southern cavefish, Typhlichthys subterraneus: Implications for conservation and management
Graening, G.O., Niemiller, M.L., Fenolio, D.B., Mandrekar, K., Trauth, S.E. and Romero, A. (2010)
A new cavefish, Typhlichthys sp. nov. (Perscopsiformes: Amblyopsidae) from the Interior Highlands, USA
Niemiller, M.L. and Poulson, T.L. (2010)
Subterranean fishes of North America: Amblyopsidae
Niemiller, M.L. and Poulson, T.L. (2010)
Subterranean fishes of North America: Amblyopsidae
Graening, G.O., Niemiller, M.L., Fenolio, D.B., Mandrekar, K., Trauth, S.E. and Romero, A. (2010)
A new cavefish, Typhlichthys sp. nov. (Perscopsiformes: Amblyopsidae) from the Interior Highlands, USA
Niemiller, M.L. and Poulson, T.L. (2010)
Subterranean fishes of North America: Amblyopsidae
Graening, G.O., Niemiller, M.L., Fenolio, D.B., Mandrekar, K., Trauth, S.E. and Romero, A. (2010)
A new cavefish, Typhlichthys sp. nov. (Perscopsiformes: Amblyopsidae) from the Interior Highlands, USA
Niemiller, M. L., Near, T. J. and Fitzpatrick, B. M. (2012)
Delimiting Species Using Multilocus Data: Diagnosing Cryptic Diversity in the Southern Cavefish, Typhlichthys Subterraneus (Teleostei: Amblyopsidae)
Niemiller, M. L., Near, T. J. and Fitzpatrick, B. M. (2012)
Delimiting Species Using Multilocus Data: Diagnosing Cryptic Diversity in the Southern Cavefish, Typhlichthys Subterraneus (Teleostei: Amblyopsidae)
Niemiller, M. L., Near, T. J. and Fitzpatrick, B. M. (2012)
Delimiting Species Using Multilocus Data: Diagnosing Cryptic Diversity in the Southern Cavefish, Typhlichthys Subterraneus (Teleostei: Amblyopsidae)
Niemiller, Matthew L., Graening, Gary O., Fenolio, Dante B., Godwin, James C., Cooley, James R., Pearson, William D., Fitzpatrick, Benjamin M. and Near, Thomas J. (2013)
Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study
Niemiller, Matthew L., Graening, Gary O., Fenolio, Dante B., Godwin, James C., Cooley, James R., Pearson, William D., Fitzpatrick, Benjamin M. and Near, Thomas J. (2013)
Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study
Niemiller, Matthew L., Graening, Gary O., Fenolio, Dante B., Godwin, James C., Cooley, James R., Pearson, William D., Fitzpatrick, Benjamin M. and Near, Thomas J. (2013)
Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study
Niemiller, Matthew L., Graening, Gary O., Fenolio, Dante B., Godwin, James C., Cooley, James R., Pearson, William D., Fitzpatrick, Benjamin M. and Near, Thomas J. (2013)
Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study
Niemiller, Matthew L., Graening, Gary O., Fenolio, Dante B., Godwin, James C., Cooley, James R., Pearson, William D., Fitzpatrick, Benjamin M. and Near, Thomas J. (2013)
Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study
Niemiller, Matthew L., Graening, Gary O., Fenolio, Dante B., Godwin, James C., Cooley, James R., Pearson, William D., Fitzpatrick, Benjamin M. and Near, Thomas J. (2013)
Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study
Niemiller, Matthew L., Graening, Gary O., Fenolio, Dante B., Godwin, James C., Cooley, James R., Pearson, William D., Fitzpatrick, Benjamin M. and Near, Thomas J. (2013)
Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study
Niemiller, Matthew L., Graening, Gary O., Fenolio, Dante B., Godwin, James C., Cooley, James R., Pearson, William D., Fitzpatrick, Benjamin M. and Near, Thomas J. (2013)
Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study
Niemiller, Matthew L., Graening, Gary O., Fenolio, Dante B., Godwin, James C., Cooley, James R., Pearson, William D., Fitzpatrick, Benjamin M. and Near, Thomas J. (2013)
Doomed before they are described? The need for conservation assessments of cryptic species complexes using an amblyopsid cavefish (Amblyopsidae: Typhlichthys) as a case study
Niemiller, M. L., Zigler, KS, Hart, PB, Kuhajda, Bernard R., Armbruster, J, Ayala, BN and Engel, AS (2016)
First definitive record of a stygobiotic fish (Percopsiformes, Amblyopsidae, Typhlichthys) from the Appalachians karst region in the eastern United States
Armbruster, J., Niemiller, M.L. and Hart, P.B. (2016)
Morphological evolution of the cave-, spring-, and swampfishes of the Amblyopsidae
Niemiller, M. L., Zigler, KS, Hart, PB, Kuhajda, Bernard R., Armbruster, J, Ayala, BN and Engel, AS (2016)
First definitive record of a stygobiotic fish (Percopsiformes, Amblyopsidae, Typhlichthys) from the Appalachians karst region in the eastern United States
Armbruster, J., Niemiller, M.L. and Hart, P.B. (2016)
Morphological evolution of the cave-, spring-, and swampfishes of the Amblyopsidae
Armbruster, J., Niemiller, M.L. and Hart, P.B. (2016)
Morphological evolution of the cave-, spring-, and swampfishes of the Amblyopsidae
Niemiller, M. L., Zigler, KS, Hart, PB, Kuhajda, Bernard R., Armbruster, J, Ayala, BN and Engel, AS (2016)
First definitive record of a stygobiotic fish (Percopsiformes, Amblyopsidae, Typhlichthys) from the Appalachians karst region in the eastern United States