Walsh and Gilbert 1995
Only a holotype has been assigned: UNAM 7705, 45.2mm SL, female.
Type locality: Nacimiento de San Rafael de Los Castros, c. 15 km WNW of Ciudad Mante, Tamaulipas State, México (22o45’N, 99o05’W). This thermal resurgence cave is situated in the Sierra de El Abra (part of the Sierra Madre Oriental range). Epigean, eyed, Astyanax mexicanus, have been recorded from The Nacimiento de San Rafael de Los Castros (Mitchell, Russell and Elliott 1977). P. lundbergi has now been discovered in Cueva del Nacimiento del Río Frío, Tamaulipas (Hendrickson, Krejca and Rodriguez Martinez 2001).
The true habitat of this animal is not known. The holotype was collected from a depth of 4.5m at top of a deep, thermal (26.7oC), vauclusian rising. The substrate at this point was of silt and bedrock. In normal conditions this rising is not active but after rain it does resurge. It is possible that this outward flow will transport individuals from their true habitat which is deeper into the cave. Since two other hypogean ictalurids, Trogloglanis pattersoni and Satan eurystomus, are found in very deep artesian waters is in quite possible that P. lundbergi is also ‘speleo-bathyal’.
Most closely related to its hypogean congener Prietella phreatophila which is, however, found over 600 km away. Detailed studies the four North and Central American troglobitic ictalurids Satan eurystomus, Trogloglanis pattersoni, Prietella phreatophila and P. lundbergi by Arce et al. (2016) suggest that they form a monophyletic group with fifteen synapomorphies: 1. Absence of eyes, 2. depigmentation, 3. Fifth vertebra, 4. Lateral line extent, 5. Mesethmoid cornua, 6. Anterior cranial fontanel, 7. Descending wing of frontal, 8. Supraoccipital posterior process, 9. Pterotic wings, 10. Parasphenoid and orbitosphenoid, 11. Abductor arcus palatine scars, 12. Anterior ceratohyal-ventral hypohyal joint, 13. Dorsal hypohyal, 14. Upper hypurals, 15. Transcapular ligament ossification. It would be highly valuable to compare these anatomical synapomorphies with those from molecular markers.
MuG [VU D2:3.1:2009]
VU D2:3.1:2009. (Snoeks, J., Laleye, P. & Contreras-MacBeath, T. 2009. Prietella lundbergi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009:http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009-2.RLTS.T18137A7670013.en. Downloaded on 07 July 2017). Assessed as Vulnerable due to it inhabiting only two locations. P. lundbergi's very restricted distribution makes it extremely vulnerable to threats, such as water pollution, which would rapidly affect all the individuals in the population. However, it is mainly threatened by large-scale water extraction.
E (Contreras-Balderas, Almada-Villela, Lozano-Vilano and Garcia-Ramirez 2003). Since it may have a very limited range, and lives in a habitat that may be seriously affected by human disturbance (pollution, potential water abstraction etc), this species may be classed as endangered by the Mexican Government (H. E. Perez in Walsh and Gilbert 1995).
As above only.
|Genbank accession no.||Gene||Voucher||Source|
|AY458865.1||mt cytb||none||Wilcox et al. 2004|
|Wilcox et al. 2004|
|AY458867.1||mt 12s, 16s ribosomal||none||Wilcox et al. 2004|
|AY458866.1||mt 12s, 16s ribosomal||
|Wilcox et al. 2004|
- Taylor, W. R. (1955)
- Hendrickson, D. A. (1995)
- Walsh, S. J. and Gilbert, C. R. (1995)
- Hendrickson, D. A. (1996)
- Hendrickson, D.A. and Krejca, J. (1997)
- Hendrickson, D. A. and Krecja, J. (1998)
- Garcia de Leon, F.J., Hendrickson, D.A. and Hillis, D.M. (1998)
- Hendrickson, D. A., Krejca, J. and Rodriguez Martinez, J. M. (1998)
- Hendrickson, D. A., Krejca, J. and Rodriguez Martinez, J.M. (2001)
- Krejca, J (2003)
- Contreras-Balderas, S, Almada-Villela, P, Lozano-Vilano, M de L and Garcia-Ramirez, ME (2003)
- Wilcox, TP, Garcia de Leon, FJ, Hendrickson, DA and Hillis, DM (2004)
- Sullivan, JP, Lundberg, J. G. and Hardman, M (2006)
- Contreras-Balderas, S and others, 13 (2008)
- Valdez-Moreno, M., Ivanova, N.V., Elias-Gutierrez, M., Contreras-Balderas, S. and Herbert, P.D.N. (2009)
- Dahdul, WM, Lundberg, J. G., Midford, PE, Balhoff, JP, Lapp, H, Vision, TJ, Haendel, MA, Westerfield, M and Mabee, PM (2010)
- Egge, JJD (2010)
- Palacios-Vargas, J.G., Juberthie, C. and Reddell, J. (2014-2015)
- Arce, M, Lundberg, J. G. and O'Leary, MA (2016)
- Sinatra, C.S. (2016)
- Lundberg, J.G., Hendrickson, D.A., Luckenbill, K.R. and Arce M (2017)
|Taylor, W. R.||Thesis||1955||A revision of the genus Noturus Rafinesque with a contribution to the classification of the North American catfishes|
|Hendrickson, D. A.||Journal Article||1995||Miscellaneous notes on biogeography and biology of Mexican blind catfish of the genus Prietella|
|Walsh, S. J. and Gilbert, C. R.||Journal Article||1995||New species of troglobitic catfish of the genus Prietella (Siluriformes, Ictaluridae) from Northeastern Mexico|
|Hendrickson, D. A.||Journal Article||1996||Notes on biogeography, ecology and behaviour of Mexican blind catfish, genus Prietella (Ictaulridae)|
|Hendrickson, D.A. and Krejca, J.||Journal Article||1997||Notes on biogeography, ecology and behaviour of Mexcan blind catfish, genus Prietella (Ictaluridae)|
|Hendrickson, D. A. and Krecja, J.||Journal Article||1998||Blindcats of the genus Prietella (Ictualuridae) of northeastern Mexico: an overview of recent explorations and studies|
|Garcia de Leon, F.J., Hendrickson, D.A. and Hillis, D.M.||Journal Article||1998||Molecular phylogeny of Ictaluridae with emphasis on the Mexican blindcats, genus Prietella|
|Hendrickson, D. A., Krejca, J. and Rodriguez Martinez, J. M.||Journal Article||1998||Blind catfish (Prietella: Ictaluridae) phylogenies and troglobitic invertebrates as indicators of international (Mexico-USA) subterranean aquatic interconnections, and as tools for environmental risk assessment|
|Hendrickson, D. A., Krejca, J. and Rodriguez Martinez, J.M.||Journal Article||2001||Mexican blindcats genus Prietella (Siluriformes: Ictaluridae): An overview of recent explorations|
|Krejca, J||Journal Article||2003||The Mexican blindcat (Prietella phreatophila): Research and exploration in the groundwater|
|Contreras-Balderas, S, Almada-Villela, P, Lozano-Vilano, M de L and Garcia-Ramirez, ME||Journal Article||2003||Freshwater fish at risk or extinct in Mexico|
|Wilcox, TP, Garcia de Leon, FJ, Hendrickson, DA and Hillis, DM||Journal Article||2004||Convergence among cave catfishes: long-branch attraction and a Bayesian relative rates test|
|Sullivan, JP, Lundberg, J. G. and Hardman, M||Journal Article||2006||A phylogenetic analysis of the major groups of catfishes (Teleostei: Siluriformes) using rag1 and rag2 nuclear gene sequences|
|Contreras-Balderas, S and others, 13||Journal Article||2008||Freshwater fishes and water status in México: A country-wide appraisal|
|Valdez-Moreno, M., Ivanova, N.V., Elias-Gutierrez, M., Contreras-Balderas, S. and Herbert, P.D.N.||Journal Article||2009||Probing diversity in freshwater fishes from Mexico and Guatemala with DNA barcodes|
|Dahdul, WM, Lundberg, J. G., Midford, PE, Balhoff, JP, Lapp, H, Vision, TJ, Haendel, MA, Westerfield, M and Mabee, PM||Journal Article||2010||The Teleost anatomy ontology: Anatomocal representation for the genomics age|
|Egge, JJD||Book Section||2010||Systematics if ictalurid catfishes: a review of the evidence|
|Palacios-Vargas, J.G., Juberthie, C. and Reddell, J.||Book||2014-2015||Encyclopaedia Biospeologica Mexico|
|Arce, M, Lundberg, J. G. and O'Leary, MA||Journal Article||2016||Phylogeny of the North American catfish Family Ictaluridae (Teleostei: Siluriformes) combining morphology, genes and fossils|
|Sinatra, C.S.||Web Page||2016||Rare, blind catfish never before found in U.S. discovered in Texas|
|Lundberg, J.G., Hendrickson, D.A., Luckenbill, K.R. and Arce M||Journal Article||2017||Satan's skeleton revealed: a tomographic and comparative osteology of Satan eurystomus, the subterranean Widemouth Blindcat (Siluriformes, Ictaluridae)|