Metadata

Typhlichthys eigenmanni

Charlton 1933

ORDERSUB-ORDERFAMILY
PercopsiformesPercopsiformesAmblyopsidae

Synonyms

Typhlichthys subterraneus  Girard 1859 (in part)

Country

USA

Types

12 syntypes as histological preparations (Charlton 1933) and specimens (whereabouts now unknown). Shown to be an available name by Parenti (2006).

The specific name eigenmanni was used by Niemiller et al. (2012) for for Ozark Highland populations that are disjunct from the rest of the distribution of Typhlichthys subterraneus.

Distribution

Recorded from 35 caves in Missouri (15 confirmed by molecular data) and 5 caves in Arkansas (3 confirmed by molecular data) (Niemiller et al. 2013).

Conservation Status

MuG NT:3.1:2013 (Niemiller et al. 2013)

Over 1000 Typhlichthys eigenmanni (then thought to be T. subterraneus) were killed after pollution of Meramec Spring, Missouri when ammonium salts caused catastrophic deoxygenation Vandike (1981, 1984), Crunkilton (1985).

Museum Holdings

ASUMZ, AUM, CU, MDC, OKMNH, SIUC, UAFC, UF, UMMZ, USNM (Niemiller et al. 2013).

Key References

None.