Metadata

Milyeringa justitia

Larson and Foster in Larson, Foster Humphreys and Stevens 2013

ORDERSUB-ORDERFAMILY
GobiiformesGobioideiMilyeringidae

Synonyms

None.

Country

Australia

Types

Holotype: WAM P.33166-001 male 19.5mm SL.

Paratypes: WAM P.33135-001 16.0mm SL, 33137-001 female 16.0mm SL, 33167-001 male 19.0mm SL, 33169-001 female 23.0mm SL.

Distribution

Type locality: Old water supply well L8, Barrow Island, Western Australia (20°49'2.31"S, 115°23'41.98"E).

Known also from: Anode Well Q4, Barrow Island, Western Australia (20o59'S, 115o24'E) and Anode Well P2, Barrow Island, Western Australia (20o46'40.07"S, 115o24'41,77"E).

Various stygobitic Crustacea are found in Cape Range, eastern Pilbara and Barrow Island and their biogeography can help to inform us about the distribution and ages of the fish taxa there. The following sources are useful in this regard:

Humphreys (1993) Stygofauna and a Tethyan connection

Yager and Humphreys (1996) Lasionectes exleyi (Crustacea: Remipedia)

Page et al. (2008) Stygiocaris (Decapoda: Atyidae)

Page et al. (2018) Halosbaena (Peracarida: Thermosbaenacea)

Habitat

Humphreys et al. (2013) list the stygobitic fauna from Barrow Island which will provide much of the food supply for the fishes.

Systematics

A comprehensive molecular analysis by Page et al. (2018), with data from M. veritas, M. brooksi, M. justitia, Typhleotris madagascariensis, T. pauliani and T. mararybe (all of the members of the Family as currently understood), supported the erection of a new species for jusitia. They also point out the the mt COI divergence between justitia and veritas is ~20% which is the same as the mt COI divergence between the genus Milyering and the genus Typhleotris which are currently the only two genera in the Family. This raises the possibility that justitia may require a third genus to contain it if the Family is to be consistent in its relationships. Their data also strongly support the placement of both Milyeringa and Typhleotris in the Family Milyeringidae as suggested by Chakrabarty et al. (2012) and Sparks and Chakrabarty (2012).

Biological Notes

Milyeringa justitia is sympatric with a range of stygiobiont crustaceans including Thermosbaenacea, Atyidae (Decapoda), Hadziidae (Amphipoda), Cirolanidae (Isopoda), many copepod taxa including Ridgewayiidae (Calanoida) and it is also sympatric with a groundwater synbranchid eel which is probabaly Ophisternon candidum or a new species in the same genus.

Conservation Status

MuG [NE]

With a maximum area of occupancy is 78km2 and the presence on the island of oil and gas installations, the threats to this species, and to Ophisternon candidum with which it co-exists, may be substantial. There is however xxxxxxxxxx

Museum Holdings

As above plus: WAM P.33165-001

Internet Resources

News report

Key References

Michaelis, F. Journal Article 1985 Threatened fish. A report on the threatened fish of inland waters of Austalia
Allen, G. R. Book 1989 Freshwater fishes of Australia
Humphreys, W. F. and Adams, M. Journal Article 1991 The subterranean aquatic fauna of the North West Cape peninsula, Western Australia
Allen, G.R. Book 1992 Inland Fishes of Western Australia
Adams, M. and Humphreys, W.F. Journal Article 1993 Patterns of genetic diversity within selected subterranean fauna of the Cape Range penninsula, Western Australia: Systematic and biogeographic implications
Humphreys, W. F. Book 1993 The biogeography of Cape Range, Western Australia
Humphreys, W. F. Journal Article 1993 The significance of the subterranean fauna in biogeographical reconstruction: Examples from Cape Range Peninsula, Western Australia
Humphreys, W.F. Journal Article 1994 The subterranean fauna of the Cape Range coastal plane, Northwestern Australia
Humphreys, W. F. and Feinberg, M. N. Journal Article 1995 Food of the blind cave fishes of Northwestern Australia
Humphreys, W. F. Book Section 1997 Protection of arid karstlands on the Cape Range Penninsula, Western Australia
Humphreys, W. F. Journal Article 1999 The distribution of Australian cave fishes
Humphreys, W. F., Poole, A., Eberhard, S. M. and Warren, D. Journal Article 1999 Effects of research diving on the physico-chemical profile of Bundera Sinkhole, an anchialine remiped habitat at Cape Range, Western Australia
Humphreys, W. F. Journal Article 1999 Physico-chemical profile and energy fixation in Bundera Sinkhole, an anchialine remiped habitat in north-western Australia
Humphreys, WF Journal Article 2001 The subterranean fauna of Barrow Island, northwestern Australia, and its environment
Moore, B. P., Humphreys, W. F., Decu, V. and Juberthie, C. Book Section 2001 Australie
Jaume, D., Boxshall, G.A. and Humphreys, W.F. Journal Article 2001 New stygobiont copepods (Calanoida; Misophrioida) from Bundera sinkhole, an anchialine cenote on north-western Australia
Humphreys, W.F. Journal Article 2001 Milyeringa veritas (Eleotridae), a remarkably versatile cave fish from the arid tropics of northwestern Australia
Humphreys, WF Journal Article 2001 The subterranean fauna of Barrow island, northwestern Australia, and its environment
Eberhard, S.M., Halse, S.A. and Humphreys, W.F. Journal Article 2005 Stygofauna in the Pilbara region, north-west Western Australia: a review
Environmental Protection Authority Report 2012 A review of subterranean fauna assessment in Western Australia. Discussion Paper. February 2012
Humphreys, W., Tetu, S., Elbourne, L., Gillings, M., Seymour, J., Mitchell, J. and Paulsen, I. Journal Article 2012 Geochemical and microbial diversity of Bundera Sinkhole, an anchialine system in the eastern Indian Ocean
Humphreys, W.F Book Section 2012 Diversity patterns in Australia
Humphreys, G., Alexander, J., Harvey, M.S. and Humphreys, W.F. Journal Article 2013 The subterranean fauna of Barrow Island, northwestern Australia: 10 years on
Larson, H.K., Foster, R., Humphreys, W.F. and Stevens, M. Journal Article 2013 A new species of blind cave gudgeon Milyeringa (Pisces: Gobioidei, Eleotridaee) from Barrow Island, Western Australia, with a redescription of M. veritas Whitley
Tornabene, L., Chen, Y.G. and Pezold, F. Journal Article 2013 Gobies are deeply divided: phylogenetic evidence from nuclear DNA (Teleostei: Gobioidei: Gobiidae)
Morgan, D.L., Unmack, P.J., Beatty, S.J., Ebner, B.C., Allen, M.G., Keleher, J., Donaldson, J.A. and Murphy, J. Journal Article 2014 An overview of the 'freshwater fishes' of Western Australia
Humphreys, W. F. Book Section 2016 Australasian subterranean biodiversity
Halse, S. Book Section 2018 Subterranean fauna of the arid zone
Page, T.J.,Stevens, M.I., Adams, M., Foster, R. Velasco-Castrillón, A. and Humphreys, W.F. Journal Article 2018 Multiple molecular markers reinforce the systematic framework of unique Australian cave fishes (Milyeringa : Gobioidei)
Moore, G.I. Journal Article 2018 New morphological data and live photographs of the rare subterranean blind cave eel Ophisternon candidum (Synbranchidae) from north‑western Australia
Moore, G.I., Humphreys, W.F., Foster, R. Journal Article 2018 New populations of the rare subterranean Blind Cave Eel Ophisternon candidum (Synbranchidae) reveal recent historical connections throughout northwestern Australia
Page, T.J., Hughes, J.M., Real, K.M., Stevens, M.I., King, R.A. and Humphreys, W.F. Journal Article 2018 Allegory of a cave crustacean: systematic and biogeographic reality of Halosbaena (Peracarida: Thermosbaenacea) sought with molecular data at multiple scales