Thesis

Ancient origins of a diverse stygofaunal group: The Australian Bathynellidae (Crustacea)

Perina, G.

Record Number:
4494
Year:
2019
Abstract:
Research on subterranean fauna on all continents has highlighted often high levels of endemism, for both troglobionts (terrestrial subterranean organisms) and stygobionts (organisms living in groundwater). In Australia, particularly in the arid zones of Western Australia, a rich hypogean assemblage has been discovered in the past few decades, largely due to surveys required as part of environmental impact assessments for, and imposed conditions on, mining operations. Bathynellidae (Crustacea) are part of the stygofaunal community, but to-date they are poorly understood, mainly because their conservative morphology, small size and delicate exoskeleton make their dissection, observation and study very difficult. Additionally, the incomplete description of the type genus and species of the family (Bathynella natans) have led to misidentifications and taxonomic/systematic uncertainties. Prior to this contribution, only one species of Bathynellidae had been described from Australia, and knowledge on their morphology, species/genera and distributional boundaries, inter- intraspecific variability, and origins were very limited. The overall aim of this research is to investigate diversity, patterns of distribution, and biogeographical history of Bathynellidae in Australia, focussing on the arid zones of Western Australia (particularly on the Pilbara region).The abundance of material already collected by different companies allowed a thorough morphological and molecular examination of many specimens. The study of multiple taxa occurring in different aquifers of the same and different catchments is carried out to explore intra-interspecific variability, species and distributional boundaries, and evolutionary histories. A molecular phylogeny including representative taxa from different continents is also built to put the Australian fauna into a worldwide context. Four new species and genera (Pilbaranella ethelensis, Fortescuenella serenitatis, Anguillanella callawaensis, and Muccanella cundalinensis) have been described, clarifying morphological and molecular intra- and interspecific boundaries. These represent the first four species described for Western Australia. One new subfamily, nine new genera, and 23 new species are recognised through molecular species delineation and preliminary morphological analysis. All species and most genera studied appear restricted to single aquifer systems in particular areas of a catchment. The molecular phylogeny of the Australian Bathynellidae indicates a complex history. The molecular clock analysis suggests that aridification processes only partly influenced the diversification, while most of their diversity predate the establishment of the drought climate. The results indicate very old origins dated back to the end of Devonian-early Carboniferous, and a substantial increase in the rate of diversification during the Triassic-Jurassic period, which could represent multiple freshwater invasions, facilitated perhaps by sea level fluctuations. A consequent dispersion thanks to a much wetter climate may explain the presence of Bathynellidae in areas of the country that have not been influenced by marine transgressions since the Proterozoic. The molecular phylogeny including genera and lineages from other countries indicates that the Australian Bathynellidae form a monophyletic clade comprising different subfamilies distinct from the ones described from other continents. This better understanding will help to predict the potential diversity of this group in unstudied areas, and enable improved advice to government regulators where protection of subterranean environments and their aquifers is a priority
Institution:
Edith Cowan University
Times Cited:
3
Related Records:
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Cryptic speciation in two widespread subterranean amphipod genera reflects historical drainage patterns in an ancient landscape
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Rising from down under: developments in subterranean biodiversity in Australia from a groundwater fauna perspective
Humphreys, W.F. (2008)
Rising from down under: developments in subterranean biodiversity in Australia from a groundwater fauna perspective
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Groundwater estuaries of salt lakes: buried pools of endemic biodiversity on the western plateau, Australia
Humphreys, W.F., Watts, C.H.S., Cooper, S.J.B. and Leijs, R. (2009)
Groundwater estuaries of salt lakes: buried pools of endemic biodiversity on the western plateau, Australia
Humphreys, W.F., Watts, C.H.S., Cooper, S.J.B. and Leijs, R. (2009)
Groundwater estuaries of salt lakes: buried pools of endemic biodiversity on the western plateau, Australia
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Collins, L.B. and Stevens, A. (2010)
Assessment of coastal groundwater and linkages with Ningaloo Reef – final report February 2010
Collins, L.B. and Stevens, A. (2010)
Assessment of coastal groundwater and linkages with Ningaloo Reef – final report February 2010
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Humphreys, W.F (2012)
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Environmental Protection Authority (2012)
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Environmental Protection Authority (2012)
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Geochemical and microbial diversity of Bundera Sinkhole, an anchialine system in the eastern Indian Ocean
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Tornabene, L., Chen, Y.G. and Pezold, F. (2013)
Gobies are deeply divided: phylogenetic evidence from nuclear DNA (Teleostei: Gobioidei: Gobiidae)
Humphreys, G., Alexander, J., Harvey, M.S. and Humphreys, W.F. (2013)
The subterranean fauna of Barrow Island, northwestern Australia: 10 years on
Morgan, D.L., Unmack, P.J., Beatty, S.J., Ebner, B.C., Allen, M.G., Keleher, J., Donaldson, J.A. and Murphy, J. (2014)
An overview of the 'freshwater fishes' of Western Australia
Morgan, D.L., Unmack, P.J., Beatty, S.J., Ebner, B.C., Allen, M.G., Keleher, J., Donaldson, J.A. and Murphy, J. (2014)
An overview of the 'freshwater fishes' of Western Australia
Morgan, D.L., Unmack, P.J., Beatty, S.J., Ebner, B.C., Allen, M.G., Keleher, J., Donaldson, J.A. and Murphy, J. (2014)
An overview of the 'freshwater fishes' of Western Australia
Halse, S., Scanlon, M., Cocking, J., Barron, H., Richardson, J. and Eberhard, S. (2014)
Pilbara stygofauna: deep groundwater of an arid landscape contains globally significant radiation of biodiversity
Halse, S., Scanlon, M., Cocking, J., Barron, H., Richardson, J. and Eberhard, S. (2014)
Pilbara stygofauna: deep groundwater of an arid landscape contains globally significant radiation of biodiversity
Halse, S., Scanlon, M., Cocking, J., Barron, H., Richardson, J. and Eberhard, S. (2014)
Pilbara stygofauna: deep groundwater of an arid landscape contains globally significant radiation of biodiversity
Bishop, R.E., Humphreys, W.F., Cukrov, N., Zic, V., Boxshall, G.A., Cukrov, M., Iliffe, T.M., Krsinic, F., Moore, W.S., Pohlman, J.W., and Sket, B. (2015)
‘Anchialine’ redefined as a subterranean estuary in a crevicular or cavernous geological setting
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‘Anchialine’ redefined as a subterranean estuary in a crevicular or cavernous geological setting
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‘Anchialine’ redefined as a subterranean estuary in a crevicular or cavernous geological setting
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Water quality and biotic interaction of two cavefish species: Typhleotris madagascariensis Petit, 1933 and Typhleotris maraybe Sparks and Chakrabarty, 2012, in the Mahafaly Plateau groundwater syste, Madagascar
Humphreys, W. F. (2017)
Australasian subterranean biodiversity
Humphreys, W. F. (2017)
Australasian subterranean biodiversity
Humphreys, W. F. (2017)
Australasian subterranean biodiversity
Perina, G., Camacho, A.I., Huey, J., Horwitz, P., and Koenders, A. (2018)
Understanding subterranean variability: the first genus of Bathynellidae (Bathynellacea, Crustacea) from Western Australia described through a morphological and multigene approach
Perina, G., Camacho, A.I., Huey, J., Horwitz, P., and Koenders, A. (2018)
Understanding subterranean variability: the first genus of Bathynellidae (Bathynellacea, Crustacea) from Western Australia described through a morphological and multigene approach
Perina, G., Camacho, A.I., Huey, J., Horwitz, P., and Koenders, A. (2018)
Understanding subterranean variability: the first genus of Bathynellidae (Bathynellacea, Crustacea) from Western Australia described through a morphological and multigene approach
Halse, S. (2018)
Subterranean fauna of the arid zone
Halse, S. (2018)
Subterranean fauna of the arid zone
Halse, S. (2018)
Subterranean fauna of the arid zone
Page, T.J.,Stevens, M.I., Adams, M., Foster, R. Velasco-Castrillón, A. and Humphreys, W.F. (2018)
Multiple molecular markers reinforce the systematic framework of unique Australian cave fishes (Milyeringa : Gobioidei)
Page, T.J.,Stevens, M.I., Adams, M., Foster, R. Velasco-Castrillón, A. and Humphreys, W.F. (2018)
Multiple molecular markers reinforce the systematic framework of unique Australian cave fishes (Milyeringa : Gobioidei)
Page, T.J.,Stevens, M.I., Adams, M., Foster, R. Velasco-Castrillón, A. and Humphreys, W.F. (2018)
Multiple molecular markers reinforce the systematic framework of unique Australian cave fishes (Milyeringa : Gobioidei)
Kuang, T., Tornabene, L., Lia, J., Jiang, J., Chakrabarty, P., Sparks, J.S., Naylor, G.J.P. and Lia, C. (2018)
Phylogenomic analysis on the exceptionally diverse fish clade Gobioidei (Actinopterygii: Gobiiformes) and data-filtering based on molecular clocklikeness
Moore, G.I. (2018)
New morphological data and live photographs of the rare subterranean blind cave eel Ophisternon candidum (Synbranchidae) from north‑western Australia
Moore, G.I., Humphreys, W.F. and Foster, R. (2018)
New populations of the rare subterranean Blind Cave Eel Ophisternon candidum (Synbranchidae) reveal recent historical connections throughout northwestern Australia
Moore, G.I. (2018)
New morphological data and live photographs of the rare subterranean blind cave eel Ophisternon candidum (Synbranchidae) from north‑western Australia
Moore, G.I., Humphreys, W.F. and Foster, R. (2018)
New populations of the rare subterranean Blind Cave Eel Ophisternon candidum (Synbranchidae) reveal recent historical connections throughout northwestern Australia
Moore, G.I. (2018)
New morphological data and live photographs of the rare subterranean blind cave eel Ophisternon candidum (Synbranchidae) from north‑western Australia
Moore, G.I., Humphreys, W.F. and Foster, R. (2018)
New populations of the rare subterranean Blind Cave Eel Ophisternon candidum (Synbranchidae) reveal recent historical connections throughout northwestern Australia
Page, T.J., Hughes, J.M., Real, K.M., Stevens, M.I., King, R.A. and Humphreys, W.F. (2018)
Allegory of a cave crustacean: systematic and biogeographic reality of Halosbaena (Peracarida: Thermosbaenacea) sought with molecular data at multiple scales
Page, T.J., Hughes, J.M., Real, K.M., Stevens, M.I., King, R.A. and Humphreys, W.F. (2018)
Allegory of a cave crustacean: systematic and biogeographic reality of Halosbaena (Peracarida: Thermosbaenacea) sought with molecular data at multiple scales
Page, T.J., Hughes, J.M., Real, K.M., Stevens, M.I., King, R.A. and Humphreys, W.F. (2018)
Allegory of a cave crustacean: systematic and biogeographic reality of Halosbaena (Peracarida: Thermosbaenacea) sought with molecular data at multiple scales
Perina, G. (2019)
Ancient origins of a diverse stygofaunal group: The Australian Bathynellidae (Crustacea)
Perina, G. (2019)
Ancient origins of a diverse stygofaunal group: The Australian Bathynellidae (Crustacea)
Perina, G. (2019)
Ancient origins of a diverse stygofaunal group: The Australian Bathynellidae (Crustacea)
Moore, G. (2019)
Milyeringa justitia. Barrow Island cave gudgeon. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T128969918A128970120
Perina, G., Camacho, A.I., Huey, J., Horwitz, P. and Koenders, A. (2019)
New Bathynellidae (Crustacea) taxa and their relationships in the Fortescue catchment aquifers of the Pilbara region, Western Australia, Systematics and Biodiversity
Perina, G., Camacho, A.I., Huey, J., Horwitz, P. and Koenders, A. (2019)
New Bathynellidae (Crustacea) taxa and their relationships in the Fortescue catchment aquifers of the Pilbara region, Western Australia, Systematics and Biodiversity
Perina, G., Camacho, A.I., Huey, J., Horwitz, P. and Koenders, A. (2019)
New Bathynellidae (Crustacea) taxa and their relationships in the Fortescue catchment aquifers of the Pilbara region, Western Australia, Systematics and Biodiversity
Perina, G., Camacho, A., Huey, J., Horwitz, P. and Koenders, A. (2019)
The role of allopatric speciation and ancient origins of Bathynellidae (Crustacea) in the Pilbara (Western Australia): two new genera from the De Grey River catchment
Perina, G., Camacho, A., Huey, J., Horwitz, P. and Koenders, A. (2019)
The role of allopatric speciation and ancient origins of Bathynellidae (Crustacea) in the Pilbara (Western Australia): two new genera from the De Grey River catchment
Perina, G., Camacho, A., Huey, J., Horwitz, P. and Koenders, A. (2019)
The role of allopatric speciation and ancient origins of Bathynellidae (Crustacea) in the Pilbara (Western Australia): two new genera from the De Grey River catchment
Matthews, E.F., Abrams, K.M., Cooper, S.J.B., Huey, J.A., Hillyer, M.J., Humphreys, W.F., Austin, A.D. and Guzik, M.T. (2019)
Scratching the surface of subterranean biodiversity: molecular analysis reveals a diverse and previously unknown fauna of Parabathynellidae (Crustacea: Bathynellacea) from the Pilbara, Western Australia
Matthews, E.F., Abrams, K.M., Cooper, S.J.B., Huey, J.A., Hillyer, M.J., Humphreys, W.F., Austin, A.D. and Guzik, M.T. (2019)
Scratching the surface of subterranean biodiversity: molecular analysis reveals a diverse and previously unknown fauna of Parabathynellidae (Crustacea: Bathynellacea) from the Pilbara, Western Australia
Matthews, E.F., Abrams, K.M., Cooper, S.J.B., Huey, J.A., Hillyer, M.J., Humphreys, W.F., Austin, A.D. and Guzik, M.T. (2019)
Scratching the surface of subterranean biodiversity: molecular analysis reveals a diverse and previously unknown fauna of Parabathynellidae (Crustacea: Bathynellacea) from the Pilbara, Western Australia
Shelley, J.J., Swearer, S.E., Dempster, T., Adams, M., Le Feuvre, M.C., Hammer, M.P. and Unmack, P.J. (2020)
Plio-Pleistocene sea-level changes drive speciation of freshwater fishes in north-western Australia
Shelley, J.J., Swearer, S.E., Dempster, T., Adams, M., Le Feuvre, M.C., Hammer, M.P. and Unmack, P.J. (2020)
Plio-Pleistocene sea-level changes drive speciation of freshwater fishes in north-western Australia
Lintermans, M., Geyle, H.M., Beatty, S., Brown, C., Ebner, B.C., Freeman, R., Hammer, M.P., Humphreys, W.F., Kennard, M.J., Kern, P., Martin, K., Morgan, D.L., Raadik, T.A., Unmack, P.J., Wager, R., Woinarski, J.C.Z. and Garnett, S.T. (2020)
Big trouble for little fish: identifying Australian freshwater fishes in imminent risk of extinction
Shelley, J.J., Swearer, S.E., Dempster, T., Adams, M., Le Feuvre, M.C., Hammer, M.P. and Unmack, P.J. (2020)
Plio-Pleistocene sea-level changes drive speciation of freshwater fishes in north-western Australia
Lintermans, M., Geyle, H.M., Beatty, S., Brown, C., Ebner, B.C., Freeman, R., Hammer, M.P., Humphreys, W.F., Kennard, M.J., Kern, P., Martin, K., Morgan, D.L., Raadik, T.A., Unmack, P.J., Wager, R., Woinarski, J.C.Z. and Garnett, S.T. (2020)
Big trouble for little fish: identifying Australian freshwater fishes in imminent risk of extinction
Lintermans, M., Geyle, H.M., Beatty, S., Brown, C., Ebner, B.C., Freeman, R., Hammer, M.P., Humphreys, W.F., Kennard, M.J., Kern, P., Martin, K., Morgan, D.L., Raadik, T.A., Unmack, P.J., Wager, R., Woinarski, J.C.Z. and Garnett, S.T. (2020)
Big trouble for little fish: identifying Australian freshwater fishes in imminent risk of extinction
White, N.E., Guzik, M.T., Austin, A.D., Moore, G.I. Humphreys, W.F., Alexander, J. and Bunce, M. (2020)
Detection of rare Australian endemic blind cave eel (Ophisternon candidum) with environmental DNA: implications for threatened species management in subterranean environments
White, N.E., Guzik, M.T., Austin, A.D., Moore, G.I. Humphreys, W.F., Alexander, J. and Bunce, M. (2020)
Detection of rare Australian endemic blind cave eel (Ophisternon candidum) with environmental DNA: implications for threatened species management in subterranean environments
White, N.E., Guzik, M.T., Austin, A.D., Moore, G.I. Humphreys, W.F., Alexander, J. and Bunce, M. (2020)
Detection of rare Australian endemic blind cave eel (Ophisternon candidum) with environmental DNA: implications for threatened species management in subterranean environments
Eberhard, S.M. and Howarth, F.G. (2021)
Undara lava cave fauna in tropical Queensland with an annotated list of Australian subterranean biodiversity hotspots
Eberhard, S.M. and Howarth, F.G. (2021)
Undara lava cave fauna in tropical Queensland with an annotated list of Australian subterranean biodiversity hotspots
Eberhard, S.M. and Howarth, F.G. (2021)
Undara lava cave fauna in tropical Queensland with an annotated list of Australian subterranean biodiversity hotspots
Tian, H., Hu, Q., Lu, H. and Li, Z. (2021)
The complete mitochondrial genome of one breeding strain of Asian swamp eel (Monopterus albus, Zuiew 1793) using PacBio and Illumina sequencing technologies and phylogenetic analysis in synbranchiformes
Saccò, M., Guzik, M.T., van der Heyde, M., Nevill, P., Cooper, S.J.B., Austin, A.D., Coates, P.J. and Allentoft, M.E. (2022)
eDNA in subterranean ecosystems: Applications, technical aspects, and future prospects
Saccò, M., Blyth, A.J., Douglas, G., Humphreys, W.F., Hose, G.C., Davis, J., Guzik, M.T., Martínez, A., Eberhard, S.M. and Halse, S.A. (2022)
Stygofaunal diversity and ecological sustainability of coastal groundwater ecosystems in a changing climate: The Australian paradigm
Saccò, M., Blyth, A.J., Douglas, G., Humphreys, W.F., Hose, G.C., Davis, J., Guzik, M.T., Martínez, A., Eberhard, S.M. and Halse, S.A. (2022)
Stygofaunal diversity and ecological sustainability of coastal groundwater ecosystems in a changing climate: The Australian paradigm
Saccò, M., Blyth, A.J., Douglas, G., Humphreys, W.F., Hose, G.C., Davis, J., Guzik, M.T., Martínez, A., Eberhard, S.M. and Halse, S.A. (2022)
Stygofaunal diversity and ecological sustainability of coastal groundwater ecosystems in a changing climate: The Australian paradigm
Gierl, C., Dohrmann, M., Keith, P., Humphreys, W.J., Esmaeili, H.R., Vukić, J., Radek, S. and ReichenbacherI, B. (2022)
An integrative phylogenetic approach for inferring relationships of fossil gobioids (Teleostei: Gobiiformes)
Gierl, C., Dohrmann, M., Keith, P., Humphreys, W.J., Esmaeili, H.R., Vukić, J., Radek, S. and ReichenbacherI, B. (2022)
An integrative phylogenetic approach for inferring relationships of fossil gobioids (Teleostei: Gobiiformes)
Saccò, M., Guzik, M.T., van der Heyde, M., Nevill, P., Cooper, S.J.B., Austin, A.D., Coates, P.J. and Allentoft, M.E. (2022)
eDNA in subterranean ecosystems: Applications, technical aspects, and future prospects
Saccò, M., Guzik, M.T., van der Heyde, M., Nevill, P., Cooper, S.J.B., Austin, A.D., Coates, P.J. and Allentoft, M.E. (2022)
eDNA in subterranean ecosystems: Applications, technical aspects, and future prospects
Webb, J.A., White, S.Q. and Smith, G.K. (2023)
Australian caves and karst systems
Webb, J.A., White, S.Q. and Smith, G.K. (2023)
Australian caves and karst systems
Webb, J.A., White, S.Q. and Smith, G.K. (2023)
Australian caves and karst systems
White, S.Q., Brooks, D. and Webb, J.A. (2023)
Cape Range
White, S.Q., Brooks, D. and Webb, J.A. (2023)
Cape Range
White, S.Q., Brooks, D. and Webb, J.A. (2023)
Cape Range
van der Heyde, M., Alexander, J., Nevill, P., Austin, A.D., Stevens, N., Jones, M. and Guzik, M.T. (2023)
Rapid detection of subterranean fauna from passive sampling of groundwater eDNA
van der Heyde, M., Alexander, J., Nevill, P., Austin, A.D., Stevens, N., Jones, M. and Guzik, M.T. (2023)
Rapid detection of subterranean fauna from passive sampling of groundwater eDNA
van der Heyde, M., White, N.E., Nevill, P., Austin, A.D., Stevens, N., Jones, M. and Guzik, M.T. (2023)
Taking eDNA underground: factors affecting eDNA detection of subterranean fauna in groundwater
van der Heyde, M., Alexander, J., Nevill, P., Austin, A.D., Stevens, N., Jones, M. and Guzik, M.T. (2023)
Rapid detection of subterranean fauna from passive sampling of groundwater eDNA
van der Heyde, M., White, N.E., Nevill, P., Austin, A.D., Stevens, N., Jones, M. and Guzik, M.T. (2023)
Taking eDNA underground: factors affecting eDNA detection of subterranean fauna in groundwater
van der Heyde, M., White, N.E., Nevill, P., Austin, A.D., Stevens, N., Jones, M. and Guzik, M.T. (2023)
Taking eDNA underground: factors affecting eDNA detection of subterranean fauna in groundwater
Thacker, C.E., McCraney, W.T., Harrington, R.C., Near, T.J., Shelley, J.J., Adams, M., Hammer, M.P. and Unmack, P.J. (2023)
Diversification of the sleepers (Gobiiformes: Gobioidei: Eleotridae) and evolution of the root gobioid families
Thacker, C.E., McCraney, W.T., Harrington, R.C., Near, T.J., Shelley, J.J., Adams, M., Hammer, M.P. and Unmack, P.J. (2023)
Diversification of the sleepers (Gobiiformes: Gobioidei: Eleotridae) and evolution of the root gobioid families