Journal Article

History of research on Proteus anguinus Laurenti 1768 in Slovenia

Aljančič, G.

Record Number:
5016
Year:
2019
Journal:
Folia Biologica et Geologica
Pages:
39-69
Volume:
60
Abstract:
Olm or proteus (Proteus anguinus Laurenti 1768) was the first taxonomically described cave animal in the world, by J. N. Laurenti, 1768, upon a specimen that was apparently found on the famous lake Cerkniško jezero, Slovenia, yet the existence of this unusual animal in Slovenija had been known long before. The research on Proteusis one of the oldest Slovenian natural history projects, a 330 year spiritual bond: from the first description by one of pioneers of karst research J. V. Valvasor in 1689, to the renowned naturalists J. A. Scopoli, who was the first researcher to actually examine proteus from the Stična area in 1762. One of the central figures of the early proteus research was Ž. Zois, the first who studied proteus behaviour, and conducted earliest physiological and ecological observations, together with Viennese zoologist Karl von Schreibers. Zois’s work was continued by two researchers of proteus distribution F. J. Hochenwart and H. Freyer, and other researchers of the 19thand 20thcentury. For the last 250 years, this mysterious animal has constantly raised scientific and public attention, and gradually became not only an important symbol of Slovenia’s nature, but also a part of its cultural heritage. The zoologically extraordinary Proteuswas also an important object in the history of international nature research, puzzling the minds of most prominent naturalists, from Linnaeus, Cuvier and Humboldt, to Lamarck and Darwin. This article also presents reproductions of the earliest illustrations of proteus: a collection of ten published and unpublished work between 1752 and 1849, a forgotten heritage of the first 100 years of proteus research. In MemoriamŽiga Zois (1747–1819). Key words: Olm, Proteus anguinus, history of natural history, Slovenia, Zois
Times Cited:
1
Relevent Species:
Related Records:
Valvasor J.W. (1689)
Die Ehre des Herzogthums Crain.
Laurenti J.L. (1768)
Specimen Medicum, Exhibens Synopin Reptilium Emendatam cum Experimentis circa Venena et Antidota Reptilium Austriacorum.
Hochenwart, F. (1838)
Protheus anguinus
Fitzinger, L. (1850)
Ueber den Proteus anguinus der Autoren
Fejervary, G.J. (1926)
Note sur la variation du Protee et description d'individus provenants d'un nouvel habitat
Briegleb, W. (1962)
Zur Biologie und Oekologie des Grottenolms (Proteus anguinus Laur. 1768
Durand, J.P. (1972)
Recherches sur l'appareil visuel du protee, Proteus anguinus Laurenti, urodele hypoge
Thines, G. and Durand, J. (1973)
Connaissances actuelles sur l'appareil sensoriel da la ligne laterale chez les vertebres cavernicoles aquatique
Durand, J.P. (1973)
Development et involution oculaire de Proteus anguinus Laurenti Urodele cavernicole
Durand, J.P. (1976)
Rudimentation des yeux chez les poissons et urodeles souterraines
Sket, B. and Velkovrh, F. (1978)
The discovery of Proteus-eggs (Proteus anguinus Laurenti, Amphibia) in seminatural conditions
Garasic, M. (1980)
Pronadjena covjecja ribica (Proteus anguinus) u podzemnoj rijeci Rokine bezdane kod Jezerana u Lici
Kranjec, N. (1981)
Razsirjenost in variabilnost mocerila (Proteus anguinus Laurenti)
Durand, J.P. and Delay, B. (1981)
Influence of temperature on the development of Proteus anguinus (Caudata: Proteidae) and relation with its habitat in the subterranean world
Durand, J.P. (1982)
Donnees et hypotheses sur l'evolution des Proteidae
Aljančič, M., Habič, P. and Mihevc, A. (1986)
Črni močeril iz Bele krajine [The Black olm from White Carniola]
Bulog, B. (1989)
Differentiation of the inner ear sensory epithelia of Proteus anguinus (Urodela, Amphibia)
Aljančič, M., Bulog, B., Kranjc, A., Josipovič, D., Sket, B. and Skoberne, P. (1993)
Proteus – The Mysterious Ruler of Karst Darkness
Sket, B. and Arntzen, J.W. (1994)
A black, non-troglomorphic amphibian from the karst of Slovenia: Proteus anguinus parkelj n. ssp. (Urodela: Proteidae)
Grillitsch, H. and Tiedemann, F. (1994)
Die Grottenolm-Typen Leopold Fitzingers (Caudata: Proteidae: Proteus)
Sket, B. (1994)
"Yugoslavia" (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia)
Kletecki, E., Jalzic, B. and Rada, T. (1996)
Distribution of the Olm (Proteus anguinus, Laur.) in Croatia
Sket, B. (1997)
Distribution of Proteus (Amphibia: Urodela: Proteidae) and its possible explanation
Dumas, P. and Chris, B. (1998)
The olfaction in Proteus anguinus: a behavioural and cytological study
Durand, J.P. (1998)
Amphibia
Tvrtkovic, N. (1999)
Cavernicole vertebrates of the Dinaric karst
Weber, A. (2000)
Fish and amphibia
Kos, M., Bulog, B., Szél, Á. and Röhlich, P. (2001)
Immunocytochemical demonstration of visual pigments in the degenerate retinal and pineal photoreceptors of the blind cave salamander (Proteus anguinus).
Kletecki, E., Jalzic, B. and Rada, T. (2002)
Amphibia
Bulog, B. (2004)
Amphibia: Proteus
Weber, A. (2004)
Amphibia
Sket, B., Paragamian, K. and Trontelj, P. (2004)
A census of the obligate subterranean fauna of the Balkan peninsula
Sket, B. (2004)
Dinaric Karst: Biospeleology
Durand, J.P. (2005)
Salamanders
Sket, B. (2005)
Dinaric Karst, Diversity in
Gorički, Š. and Trontelj, P. (2006)
Structure and evolution of the mitochondrial control region and flanking sequences in the European cave salamander Proteus anguinus
Trontelj, P., Gorički, Š., Polak, S., Verovnik, R., Zakšek, V. and Sket, B. (2007)
Age estimates for some subterranean taxa and lineages in the Dinaric Karst
Schlegel, P.A., Steinfartz, S. and Bulog, B. (2009)
Non-visual sensory physiology and magnetic orientation in the blind cave salamander, Proteus anguinus (and other cave-dwelling urodele species): review and new results on light-sensitivity and non-visual orientation in subterranean urodeles (Amphibia)
Pezdirc, M., Heath, E., Mali, L.B. and Bulog, B. (2011)
PCB accumulation and tissue distribution in cave salamander (Proteus anguinus anguinus, Amphibia, Urodela) in the polluted karstic hinterland of the Krupa River, Slovenia
Goricki, S., Niemiller, M.L. and Fenolio, D.B. (2012)
Salamanders
Hajna, N.Z. (2012)
Dinaric Karst: Geography and geology
Sket, B. (2012)
Diversity patterns in the Dinaric karst
Ivanović, A., Aljančič, G. and Arntzen, J.W. (2013)
Skull shape differentiation of black and white olms (Proteus anguinus anguinus and Proteus a. parkelj): An exploratory analysis with micro-CT scanning
Manenti, R. and Ficetola, G.F. (2013)
Salamanders breeding in subterranean habitats: local adaptations or behavioural plasticity?
Sessions, S., Bulog, B. and Mali, L.B. (2015)
The phoenix rises: Reversal of cave adaptations in the blind cave salamander, Proteus anguinus?
Niemiller, M.L., Zigler, K.S., Stephen, C.D.R., Carter, E.T., Paterson, A.T., Taylor, S.J. and Engel, A.S. (2016)
Vertebrate fauna in caves of eastern tennessee within the Appalachians karst region, USA
Bizjak Mali. L. and Bulog, B. (2016)
Functional morphology and environmental studies on Proteus
Gorički, S., Stanković, D., Snoj, A., Kuntner, M., Jeffery, W.R., Trontelj, P., Pavićević, M., Grizelj, Z., Năpăruş-Aljančič, M. and Aljančič, G. (2017)
Environmental DNA in subterranean biology: range extension and taxonomic implications for Proteus
Vörös, J., Márton, O., Schmidt, B.R., Gál, J.T., & Jelić, D. (2017)
Surveying Europe's only cave-dwelling chordate species (Proteus anguinus) using environmental DNA.
Bizjak-Mali, L. (2017)
Variability of testes morphology and the presence of testis-ova in the European blind cave salamander (Proteus anguinus)
Năpăruș-Aljančič, M., Gorički, Š., Stanković, D., Kuntner, M. and Aljančič, G. (2017)
GIS analysis to assess the groundwater habitat pollution of black proteus
Bonacci, O. (2017)
Karst Hydrology : With Special Reference to the Dinaric Karst
Gladstone, N.S., Carter, E.T., Niemiller, K.D.K., Hayter, L.E. and Niemiller, M.L. (2018)
A new maximum body size record for the Berry Cave Salamander (Gyrinophilus gulolineatus) and genus Gyrinophilus (Caudata, Plethodontidae) with a comment on body size in plethodontid salamanders
Vörös, J., Ursenbacher, S. and Jelić, D. (2018)
Population genetic analyses using 10 new polymorphic microsatellite loci confirms genetic subdivision within the olm, Proteus anguinus
Zakšek, V., Konec, M. and Trontelj, P. (2018)
First microsatellite data on Proteus anguinus reveal weak genetic structure between the caves of Postojna and Planina
Gorički, Š., Niemiller, M.L., Fenolio, D.B. and Gluesenkamp, AG. (2019)
Salamanders
Aljančič, G. (2019)
History of research on Proteus anguinus Laurenti 1768 in Slovenia
Kostanjšek, R., Prodan, Y., Stres, B. and Trontelj, P. (2019)
Composition of the cutaneous bacterial community of a cave amphibian, Proteus anguinus
Mulec, J. (2020)
Interview with Rok Kotanjšek and Nina Gunde-Cimerman. Welcome to the -omics era of the 21st century: will Proteus anguinus finally reveal all its mysteries?
Balázs, G., Lewarne, B. and Herczeg, G. (2020)
Extreme site fidelity of the olm (Proteus anguinus) revealed by a long-term capture–mark–recapture study
Li. Z., Verbrugghe, E., Konstanjšek, R., Lukač, M., Pasmans, .F, Cizelj., I. and Martel, A. (2020)
Dampened virulence and limited proliferation of Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans during subclinical infection of the troglobiont olm (Proteus anguinus)
Gredar, T. (2020)
Development of non-destructive approaches for sex identification in the Proteus (Proteus anguinus, Urodela, Amphibia)
Whittaker, K. and Koo, M.S. (2021)
Proteus anguinus: Olm
Garasic, M. (2021)
The Dinaric Karst System of Croatia. Speleology and Cave Exploration
Niemiller, M.L., Carter, E.T., Fenolio, D.B., Gluesenkamp, A.G. and Phillips, J.G. (2022)
Subterranean colonisation and diversification of cave-dwelling salamanders
Niemiller, M.L., Carter, E.T., Gladstone, N.S., Niemiller, K.D.K., Hayter, L.E., Engel, A.S., Miller, B.T., and Fitzpatrick, B.M. (2022)
The distribution, ecology, life history, and conservation status of the Berry Cave salamander (Gyrinophilus gulolineatus)
Tesarová, M., Mancini, L., Mauri, E., Aljancic, G., Naparus-Aljancic, M., Kostanjšek, R., Mali, L.B., Zikmund, T., Kaucká, M., Papi, F., Goyens, J., Bouchnita, A., Hellander, A. (2022)
Living in darkness: Exploring adaptation of Proteus anguinus in 3 dimensions by X-ray imaging
Kostanjšek, R. et al. (2022)
Towards the massive genome of Proteus anguinus, illuminating longevity, regeneration, convergent evolution and metabolic disorders
Guillaume, O. (2022)
The cave salamander Proteus anguinus in captivity in Moulis, France for the scientific research
Barzaghi, B., Ficetola, F.G., Mauri, E., Restaino, M., Lombardi, B. and Manenti, R. (2022)
Preliminary study on differences characterizes the populations of olm (Proteus anguinus) in cave and those found in epigean environment
Ravbar, N., Viršek, D. and Năpăruş-Aljančič, M. (2023)
New locality of Proteus anguinus in the area of the Tabor Ridge near Grosuplje, central Slovenia
Petrescu-Mag, V. (2023)
The olm (Proteus anguinus) and cave life
Voituron, Y., Guillaume, O., Dumet, A., Zahn. S and Criscuolo, F. (2023)
Temperature-independent telomere lengthening with age in the long-lived human fish (Proteus anguinus)
Barzaghi, B. (2023)
Between light and darkness: The round-trip of surface and subterranean animals
Lewarne, B. and Allain, S.J.R. (2023)
Attempted predation of a cave olm Proteus anguinus by a dice water snake Natrix tessellata, in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Recknagel, H., Zakšek, V., Delić, T., Gorički, S. and Trontelj, P. (2023)
Multiple transitions between realms shape relict lineages of Proteus cave salamanders
Kostanjsek, R., Zaksek, V., Bizjak-Mali, L. and Trontelj, P. (2023)
Chapter 13. The olm (Proteus anguinus), a flagship groundwater species
Anonymous (2024)
Wikipedia: Olm
Manenti, R., Vinci, L., Barzaghi, B., Lombardi, B., Teodoro, C., Baglioni, L., Melotto, A. and Francesco Ficetola, G. (2024)
Sit-and-wait foraging is not enough in food-deprived environments: evidence from groundwater and salamanders