Book

The Astyanax Caves of Mexico: Cavefishes of San Luís Potosí, Tamaulipas, and Guerrero

Elliott, W.R.

Record Number:
3636
Year:
2018
Journal:
Association for Mexican Cave Studies Bulletin
Pages:
326 pages
Volume:
24
Abstract:
The Sierra de El Abra Region in Tamaulipas and San Luis Potosí, México, now has 31 known caves inhabited by the eyeless Astyanax jordani, the Astyanax cavefish or blind cave tetra. Many of these caves also contain hybrids between the cave form and the epigean Astyanax mexicanus. In Guerrero there is another population of evolving cavefishes in two caves, but descended from Astyanax aeneus, a differ­ent but closely related species. These cavefishes are of great interest to scientists in the study of evolution and genetics, and even in the development of blindness and craniofacial anomalies in humans. The hydrogeology of the El Abra Region is explained based on previous studies and new information gleaned from new cave maps, publications, and INEGI geologic coverages relating to limestones, shales, and basalts. The relative ages of caves are not estimated easily because different parts of the region have been uplifted at different times. The Gómez Farías caves in the north cannot be old because the caves are morphologically young, and the area was covered by Neogene (Tertiary) basalts until relatively recently. These basalts delayed karst development until the basalts and the underlying shales could be eroded away, exposing limestone underneath. An age model of the caves and a hypothetical colonization sequence is presented. A chapter on Astyanax cavefish biology summarizes their many known constructive and degenerative traits including anatomical, developmental, physiological, and behavioral traits. Their conservation and population estimates are discussed. A large chapter on cave ecology and fauna provides details about ten important caves in the El Abra Region, and a species list of 306 species in many caves of the region, including caves with no fishes. The history of exploration and mapping of fish caves in the El Abra Region is outlined, with details given in each cave description. At least 282 individuals and 862 significant events were reported in the El Abra fish caves from 1936 to 2018. Descriptions of the fish caves are arranged by the follow­ing areas from north to south: Gómez Farías, Chamal-Oc­ampo, Northern El Abra, Yerbaniz Cluster, Los Sabinos, Southern El Abra, Micos and Tamasopo, and Guerrero. Many previously unpublished cave and area maps are shown, with photographs by dozens of contributors going back to 1961. Recent field work in the El Pujal, Tamasopo, and Chamal areas is included. Some caves without fishes are included in each area because they may contain fishes, or they explain the karst, or to document local caves that have been searched. Appendices include a large, exhaustive bibliography; a glossary of Spanish and scientific terms; a list of cavers, local guides, and scientists; 40 important cave dives in na­cimientos; how to obtain Mexican maps and GIS coverages; and an English translation of Federico Bonet’s 1953 paper on caves of the El Abra Region.
Times Cited:
2
Related Records:
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(2016)Schmitter-Soto, JJ (2016)Yoshizawa, M., Settle, A., Macaspac, C., Fernandes, V. Yoshida, M. and Keene, A. (2016)Retaux, S., Alie, A., Blin, M., Devos, L., Elipot, Y. and Hinaux, H. (2016)Keene, A.C., Yoshizawa, M. and McGaugh, S.E. (2016)Foulkes, N. S., Whitmore, D., Vallone, D and Bertolucci, C. (2016)Casane, D. and Retaux, S. (2016)Schmitter-Soto, JJ (2016)Beale, A., Whitmore, D. and Moran, D. (2016)Schmitter-Soto, JJ (2017)Fumey J, Hinaux H, Noirot C, Thermes C, Re´ taux S, Casane D. (2017)Jaggard, J. B., Robinson, B. G., Stahl, B, Oh, I, Masek, P, Yoshizawa, M and Keene, A. (2017)Lyon, A., Powers, A. K., Gross, J. B. and O'Quin, K. E. (2017)Stahl, B (2017)Gross, J. B. (2017)Stahl, B.A. and Gross, J.B. (2017)Kaplan, S.A., Powers, A.K. and Gross, J.B. (2017)Krishnan, J and Rohner, N (2017)Jaggard, J. B. (2017)Schmitter-Soto, JJ (2017)Yoshizawa, M (2017)Hinaux, H, Recher, G, Alie, A., Legendre, L, Blin, M. and Retaux, S (2017)Alvarado, C.G. (2017)Wilkens, H. and Strecker, U. 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